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9780131838857

Professional and Public Writing A Rhetoric and Reader for Advanced Composition

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780131838857

  • ISBN10:

    0131838857

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2020-01-22
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

This book introduces readers and writers to the techniques of discourse analysis, genre theory, and primary (including ethnographic) and secondary research. It also engages learners in extensive practice and a sequence of increasingly complex and comprehensive "Writer's Profiles," ending with a researched literature review and argument. Two casebooks offer illustrative and thematically-linked readings from a wide variety of public and professional sources.The bonk contains a broad-based sampling of academic writing, and professional and public genresjournal essays, fact sheets, newsletters, Web sites, and proposals.For individuals taking stock of their acquired personal skills and those required of professionals in the writing careers to which they aspire.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Being Aware of Your Writing Practices
1(18)
Chapter Preview
1(1)
Reviewing the Core Elements: Purpose, Audience, Thesis, and Persona
2(1)
Refining Your Purpose
3(2)
Knowing Your Audience
5(2)
Focusing Your Thesis
7(1)
Controlling Your Persona
8(3)
Conclusion
11(1)
Checklist for Analyzing the Core Elements of Writing
12(1)
Writer's Workshop
12(3)
Writers on Writing
15(3)
President in Search of a Publisher
15(1)
Jimmy Carter
Practicing History
16(1)
Barbara Tuchman
Making the Truth Believable
17(1)
Tracy Kidder
Writer's Notebook
18(1)
Being Aware of Your Rituals, Practices, and Habits
19(22)
Chapter Preview
19(1)
Writing Rituals
20(1)
Composing Practices
21(6)
Prewriting: Generating Content
21(3)
Prewriting: Organizing Your Material
24(3)
Working Habits
27(7)
Drafting
27(2)
Drafting Collaboratively
29(1)
Revising
30(2)
Editing and Proofreading
32(2)
Checklist for Analyzing Writing Rituals, Composing Practices, and Working Habits
34(1)
Writer's Workshop
34(1)
Writers on Writing
35(2)
Strengthened by a Pale Green Light
35(2)
Reynolds Price
Writer's Notebook
37(1)
Writer's Profile One: How Did I Become the Writer I Am?
38(3)
Becoming Aware of Professional Writing Practices
41(28)
Chapter Preview
41(1)
Investigating the Profession
42(1)
Analyzing a Discourse Community
43(1)
Reflecting on Your Experiences: Asking Questions
43(1)
Observing a Discourse Community
43(1)
Writer's Notebook
44(1)
Studying Forms of Communication
44(10)
Genre
45(1)
Writing Situation and Medium
45(2)
Expanding the Definition: Oral and Visual Genres
47(3)
Style
50(2)
Design
52(2)
Studying Writers in Their Environments: Primary Research
54(1)
Ethnographic Research
54(1)
Writer's Notebook
55(1)
Getting Started on Primary Research
56(2)
Ethical Considerations
56(1)
Making Contacts
57(1)
Keeping Things Organized
58(5)
The Project Notebook
58(2)
Note Taking When Interviewing and Observing
60(1)
Getting Ready to Take Notes
61(1)
Preparing for an Interview
62(1)
Writer's Workshop
63(1)
Writers on Writing
64(5)
Natural Selections
64(5)
E. O. Wilson
Learning from Professional Writing
69(86)
Chapter Preview
69(1)
Tracing the Genealogy of a Profession
69(1)
Writer's Notebook
70(1)
Putting Your Discourse Analysis Skills to Work
71(1)
Casebook of Readings: Privacy in the Information Age
72(1)
Writer's Notebook
72(44)
Is Privacy Still Possible in the Twenty-First Century?
72(9)
Jerry Berman
Paula Bruening
Technology as Security
81(10)
Declan McCullagh
Balancing Security & Privacy in the Internet Age, Institute of Management & Administration
91(7)
American Nursing Association Action Report: Privacy and Confidentiality, Introduced
98(6)
Beverly L. Malone
Stop That Face!
104(4)
Linda Rothstein
Talk Show Telling versus Authentic Telling: The Effects of the Popular Media on Secrecy and Openness
108(8)
Evan Imber-Black
Writer's Workshop
116(1)
Casebook of Readings: Weight, Body Image, and Identity
117(1)
Writer's Notebook
117(35)
Eating Disorders Information Sheets from the BodyWise Handbook, The National Women's Health Information Center
117(8)
Fat World/Thin World: ``Fat Busters,'' ``Equivocators,'' ``Fat Boosters,'' and the Social Construction of Obesity
125(16)
Karen Honeycutt
Shallow Hal (Movie Review)
141(4)
Roger Ebert
Let Us Refer You. Today. (Advertisement), American Society of Plastic Surgeons
145(2)
Buff Enough? (Book Review)
147(5)
Jonathan Rauch
Writer's Profile Two: Where Am I Going as a Professional Writer?
152(3)
Learning from Public Writing
155(64)
Chapter Preview
155(1)
Finding a Public Voice: Problem-Solving Strategies
155(2)
Solving Problems with Others: Analyzing the Writing Situation
156(1)
Solving Problems Alone: Analyzing the Writing Situation
156(1)
Writer's Notebook
157(1)
Putting Your Discourse Analysis Skills into Service
157(1)
Casebook of Readings: Targeting Discrimination
158(1)
Writer's Notebook
158(27)
Take Action: Children's Rights Are Human Rights
158(6)
Marc Kielburger
Craig Kielburger
Make Age Irrelevant by Beating Negative Attitudes
164(4)
Sally James
Just Walk On By: A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space
168(5)
Brent Staples
Reality Bites
173(3)
Lisa Bennett
I Spy Sexism: A Public Education Campaign, Third Wave Foundation
176(4)
Stigma Watch: Being Alert to Mental Health Stereotyping
180(5)
Otto Wahl
Writer's Workshop
185(1)
Casebook of Readings: Responding to Homelessness
186(1)
Writer's Notebook
186(28)
National Alliance to End Homelessness Web Site Home Page and FAQ
186(4)
Transitions: Newsletter of the Center for Women in Transition
190(6)
Let's Solve S. F.'s No. 1 Problem, Mike Sullivan and Plan C
196(3)
Vehicularly Housed Residential Community: Project Description, Vehicularly Housed Residential Association & the Coalition on Homelessness
199(9)
San Francisco
``Can You Spare 20p for a Cup of Tea?'' (Campaign Poster), Thames Reach Bondway (TRB)/Imagination (GIC) Ltd.
208(2)
These Are Our Neighbors (Student Essay)
210(4)
Nicole Stewart
Writer's Workshop
214(1)
Writer's Profile Three: What Might I Do as a Public Writer?
215(4)
Becoming a Practicing Writer
219(18)
Chapter Preview
219(1)
The Secondary Research Process: Resources, Techniques, and Styles
219(1)
Selecting and Using Secondary Sources
220(5)
Specialized Reference Works
220(3)
Indexes and Abstracts
223(1)
Specialized Professional Journals
224(1)
The World Wide Web
225(1)
Researching for Public Writing
225(1)
Evaluating Sources
225(4)
Recognizing Bias
225(3)
Assessing Electronic Resources
228(1)
Writer's Workshop
229(1)
Documenting Your Sources
229(3)
What to Document
230(1)
Styles of Documentation
230(1)
Informal Documentation
231(1)
The Project Notebook
232(2)
Keeping Track of Your Research
232(1)
Reading and Analyzing Sources
233(1)
Writing Project: Critique of a Published Professional Essay
234(3)
Argument
237(36)
Chapter Preview
237(1)
Persuasion and Argument
237(1)
Making Assumptions
238(2)
Reviewing the Elements of Argument
240(4)
Claims
240(1)
Evidence
240(3)
Refutation
243(1)
Strategies for Arranging Arguments
244(3)
The Counterargument
245(1)
The Pro and Con Argument
245(1)
The Problem-Solution Argument
246(1)
Finding a Middle Ground
247(1)
Writer's Workshop
248(3)
Writing Project: Researched Position Paper
251(1)
Sample Student Research Papers
252(17)
Full or Partial Inclusion: A Look at the Debate about Where and How to Educate Special-Needs Students
253(7)
Toni Spainhour
The Decline and Fall of the Soviet Union
260(9)
Marty Ruhaak
Guidelines for Making an Oral Presentation
269(4)
Writing and Speaking
269(1)
Presentation and Delivery
270(1)
Practice, Practice, Practice
271(2)
Appendix A Using and Designing Web Sites
273(14)
Before You Start: Protecting Your Privacy
273(1)
Successful Surfing
274(3)
Getting There: Search Engines
274(1)
Conducting Your Search
275(1)
Evaluating Sites
276(1)
Constructing and Maintaining Your Own Web Site
277(3)
Tools for Construction: HTML and Servers
277(1)
Designing a Web Site
278(1)
Ways of Reading: Print versus Hypertext
279(1)
Visual Complexity: Adding Images
279(1)
Navigating: Overall Site Organization
280(7)
Page Layout
281(2)
Homepage: Core Information
283(1)
Looking at a Sample Design
283(2)
Editing and Maintaining Your Site
285(2)
Appendix B Styles for Documenting Sources
287(28)
Documenting Sources Using MLA Style
288(7)
In-Text Citations
288(1)
Preparing the List of Works Cited
289(1)
Sample Entries for a List of Works Cited
290(5)
Documenting Sources Using APA Style
295(6)
In-Text Citations
295(2)
Preparing the References List
297(1)
Sample Entries for a List of References
298(3)
Documenting Sources Using Chicago Manual Style
301(7)
Using the Chicago Notes and Bibliography Style
302(1)
Sample Entries for Notes and Bibliography Entries
303(5)
Documenting Sources Using CSE Style
308(4)
Using the CSE Citation-Sequence Style
308(1)
Using a CSE References List
309(1)
Sample Entries for a References List
310(2)
List of Style Manuals and Supplementary Internet Sources
312(3)
Index 315

Excerpts

College students are projected to make several career changes within their working lifetimes. These transitions and the challenges of their complex personal and public lives will require informed flexibility. Professional and Public Writing: A Rhetoric and Reader for Advanced Compositionis designed to guide students through the writing required of them as students, professionals, and citizens. Its two central goals are: To help advanced students become confident, refined, and effective writers through an active critique of their undergraduate writing practices and of the writing requirements of their academic majors. To prepare students for the work required of professional and public writers in their varied discourse communities, each of which operates from distinct cognitive assumptions and within specific rhetorical contexts. Two core strategies are used to achieve these goals: Review of and in-depth engagement with the rhetorical principles introduced in the students'' earlier composition courses Introduction to and application of the principles and techniques of discourse analysis necessary for success in academic, professional, and public writing Instructor Expertise Because few English teachers are fully familiar with the many styles and genres required of student writers in their various majors, let alone the full range of demands made on all professional and public writers, Professional and Public Writing depends primarily on instructor expertise in teaching the fundamental rhetorical and research skills that enable any writer to enter a discourse community and identify its cognitive assumptions (values, interests, etc.) and rhetorical features (genres, style, design, etc.). The book provides guidelines and extensive materials for meeting these instructional goals. Student Readiness Although students are introduced to key concepts in freshman writing courses, they come to Advanced Composition actively pursuing a major and consciously moving into their professional and civic lives. This timing provides them with significant motivation and interest in refining their current academic skills and understanding the value of applying these skills to real-life situations. Professional and Public Writingis grounded in the assumption that these students can be taught the advanced rhetorical knowledge and research practices needed to write successfully for any discourse community within which they might find themselves. This same proficiency is of immediate use in completing the writing required by their advanced college courses. Writing Assignments The text is structured around extensive "Writing Activities" and sequenced assignments that meet the needs of students from a range of disciplines and with diverse learning styles and interests. As part of the process, students are asked to keep a "Writer''s Notebook" and to engage in collaboration, peer review, and both primary and secondary research. Formal assignments include three increasingly complex and comprehensive "Writer''s Profiles," a critical discourse analysis of a student-selected professional essay, and an argument based on a researched literature review. Each chapter also contains genre- and theme-based "Writer''s Workshops" that provide additional writing opportunities. Genre Modeling Samples of academic writing from a range of disciplines are used throughout the text for purposes of illustration and practice. In addition, two casebook chapters provide students the opportunity to read and analyze thematically linked readings: Professional Writing:"Privacy in the Information Age" and "Weight, Body Image, and Identity" Public Writing:"Targeting Discrimination" and "Responding to Homelessness" The readings represent genres employed by public and professional writers from diverse discourse communities--for example, a proposal by a grassroots community organization, a case study by a sociologist, fact sheets prepared by the government for educators, a Web site for homeless advocates, a position paper by a professional nursing organization, a literary essay published in an interdisciplinary humanities journal, and a researched journal article written for a law journal. Extensive reading apparatus prompts students to apply the concepts of discourse and genre analysis introduced in the opening chapters. Additional Features Frequent activities that encourage students to explore the correlation between their personal skills and those required of professionals in the careers to which they aspire Illustrations and readings from Across the Curriculum, including illustrative "Writers on Writing" selections in Chapters 1-3 An opportunity for students without a major to explore possible careers through research and writing An appendix on basic Web use and site construction that offers students and instructors options for research and publishing The nuts and bolts of both print and electronic research from project start to finish, including the skills necessary to evaluate and select appropriate sources Two complete sample student research projects illustrating MLA and APA styles and varied structures for argument Suggestions for formal oral presentations An appendix that describes the basic procedures and forms for citing and documenting sources according to MLA, APA, CMS, and CSE styles Although Professional and Public Writingis indebted to research in the areas of advanced composition, writing across the curriculum, ethnography, genre theory, discourse community analysis, and multiple literacies, chapters are written in a clear and engaging tone, introducing appropriate jargon only when it supports more conscious understanding of a practice or concept.

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