Programs and Manifestoes on 20Th-Century Architecture

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1975-11-15
  • Publisher: Mit Pr

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The present volume offers eloquent testimony that many of the master builders of this century have held passionate convictions regarding the philosophic and social basis of their art. Nearly every important development in the modern architectural movement began with the proclamation of these convictions in the form of a program or manifesto. The most influential of these are collected here in chronological order from 1903 to 1963. Taken together, they constitute a subjective history of modern architecture; compared with one another, their great diversity of style reveals in many cases the basic differences of attitude and temperament that produced a corresponding divergence in architectural style. In point of view, the book covers the aesthetic spectrum from right to left; from programs that rigidly generate designs down to the smallest detail to revolutionary manifestoes that call for anarchy in building form and town plan. The documents, placed in context by the editor, are also international in their range: among them are the seminal and prophetic statements of Henry van de Velde, Adolf Loos, and Bruno Taut from the early years of the century; Frank Lloyd Wright's 1910 annunciation of Organic Architecture; Gropius's original program for the Bauhaus, founded in Weimar in 1919; "Towards a New Architecture, Guiding Principles" by Le Corbusier; the formulation by Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner of the basic principles of Constructivism; and articles by R. Buckminster Fuller on universal architecture and the architect as world planner. Other pronouncements, some in flamboyant style, including those of Erich Mendelsohn, Hannes Meyer, Theo van Doesburg, Oskar Schlemmer, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, El Lissitzky, and Louis I. Kahn. There are also a number of collective or group statements, issued in the name of movements such as CIAM, de Stijl,ABC, the Situationists, and GEAM. Since the dramatic effectiveness of the manifesto form is usually heightened by brevity and conciseness, it has been possible to reproduce most of the documents in their entirety; only a few have been excerpted.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. 11
1903 Programmep. 13
1906 Fermentation in architecturep. 14
1907 Credop. 18
1908 Ornamentation and crimep. 19
1910 Organic Architecturep. 25
1911 Aims of the Werkbundp. 26
1914 Werkbund theses and antithesesp. 28
1914 Glass architecturep. 32
1914 Futurist architecturep. 34
1918 Manifesto Ip. 39
1918 A programme for architecturep. 41
1919 'Work Council for Art': Under the wing of a great architecturep. 44
1919 Gropius / Taut / Behne: New ideas on architecturep. 46
1919 Programme of the Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimarp. 49
1919 The problem of a new architecturep. 54
1920 Basic principles of Constructivismp. 56
1920 Down with seriousism!p. 1920
1920 Towards a new architecture: guiding principlesp. 59
1921 Fruhlicht (Daybreak)p. 63
1922 Creative Demandsp. 64
1923 Manifesto Vp. 66
1923 Towards collective building (Commentary on Manifesto V)p. 67
1923 Manifesto for the first Bauhaus exhibitionp. 69
1923 The new engineer is comingp. 71
1923 Dynamics and functionp. 72
1923 Working thesesp. 74
1923 Analytical and Utopian architecturep. 76
1924 Towards a plastic architecturep. 78
1924 Industrialized buildingp. 81
1924 Casa Novap. 83
1924 Suprematist manifesto Unovisp. 87
1925 Guiding principles of town planningp. 89
1926 Principles of Bauhaus production [Dessau]p. 95
1926 Space City architecturep. 98
1926 Five points towards a new architecturep. 99
1927 On form in architecturep. 102
1927 Formulations towards a reorientation in the applied artsp. 103
1928 Synthesis - World Architecturep. 106
1928 CIAM: La Sarraz Declarationp. 109
1928 ABC demands dictatorship of the machinep. 115
1928 Buildingp. 117
1929 Ideological superstructurep. 121
1930 The new erap. 123
1931 Young Architecturep. 124
1932 The house as an organic structurep. 126
1932 Universal architecturep. 128
1933 CIAM: Charter of Athens: tenetsp. 137
1943 A programme for city reconstructionp. 146
1947 A post-war appeal: fundamental demandsp. 148
1947 Magical Architecturep. 150
1949 Formsp. 152
1950 Technology and Architecturep. 154
1954 New games!p. 155
1957 Seven thesesp. 156
1958 Mould Manifesto against rationalism in architecturep. 157
1958 Constant / Debord: Situationist definitionsp. 161
1960 Organicsp. 163
1960 Towards a new architecturep. 165
1960 GEAM: Programme for a mobile architecturep. 167
1960 Order isp. 169
1960 Project for an aerial architecturep. 171
1960 'Situationists': International Manifestop. 172
1960 The Space Cityp. 175
1960 Constant: New Babylonp. 177
1961 The architect as world plannerp. 179
1962 Absolute architecturep. 181
1962 The ten principles of space town planningp. 183
1963 We demandp. 185
Sourcesp. 187
Indexp. 191
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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