Psychology of Blacks: Centering Our Perspectives in the African Consciousness

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2010-10-07
  • Publisher: Psychology Pres

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This book highlights the limitations of traditional psychological theories and approaches when applied to African descent people. It provides information on how the African Centered Perspective is defined, as well as how it operates in the context of the African American family with regard to identity development, education, mental health, research, and managing contemporary issues. It links the context of African American life to the traditions, values and spiritual essence of their African ancestors in an attempt to acknowledge the African worldview and assist the African American community in addressing some of the challenges they will face in the 21st century. Includes a thorough annotated bibliography for further reading.African Centered Psychology in the Modern Era, The African American Family, The Struggle for Identity Congruence, Psychological Issues in Education, Contemporary Approaches to Developmental Psychology, Mental Health Issues, Praxis in African American Psychology: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations, African Centered Psychology and Issues in the 21st Century.Psychologists or counselors working with the African American population.

Author Biography

Thomas A. Parham, Ph.D. is Assistant Vice Chancellor for Counseling and Health Services, as well as an adjunct faculty member, at the University of California, Irvine.Dr. Parham is a Past President of the National Association of Black Psychologists, where he also holds the title of Distinguished Psychologist. He is a Fellow of the American Counseling Association, and a Fellow in Division 17 and 45 of the American Psychological Association. He is Past President of the Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development, and a member of the of the 100 Black Men of America, where he has served as Chair of the Education Committee, the architect of the "Rites of Passage" program for the Orange County 100’s "Passport to the Future" program and for the Los Angeles based "College Bound" program, and consultant on educational policy issues.

For the past thirty years, Dr. Parham has focused his research efforts in the area of psychological nigrescence and has authored many articles in the area.

His honors and awards include Research Achievement Award from the American Psychological Association's Minority Fellowship Program; receipt of the Research Award for Contributions to the Counseling Profession from the Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development; the Association of Black Psychologists, Certification and Proficiency in African Centered/Black Psychology; The Minority Fellowship Program - James M. Jones Lifetime Achievement Award for long standing and distinguished contributions to the field of racial and ethnic minority psychology; the Wimberly Award—National 100 Black Men of America – June, 2008; and the Janet Helms Award - In Recognition of Mentoring & Scholarship, presented at The 27th Winter Roundtable Conference, Teacher’s College, Columbia University, 2010.

Table of Contents

Dedicationp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. x
Forewordp. xii
Prefacep. xv
About the Authorsp. xix
Building for Eternityp. 1
African-Centered Psychology in the Modern Erap. 14
Definitionsp. 14
Historical Themes in Psychological Researchp. 17
Inferiority Modelsp. 18
Deficit-Deficiency Modelp. 19
Multicultural Modelp. 20
Black Behavioral Normsp. 21
The African Worldviewp. 23
Persistence of the African-Centered Worldviewp. 25
African-Centered Psychology Comes of Agep. 26
The Development of Black Psychology-The Modern Erap. 30
Chronology of the Presidents of the Association of Black Psychologistsp. 33
The Spiritual Core of African-Centered Psychologyp. 35
Missing Elementsp. 35
The Core of Spiritualityp. 41
The Assumptions of Spiritualityp. 44
The Manifestation of Spiritual Energyp. 45
Closingp. 47
Spiritual Illnessp. 48
The African-American Familyp. 50
The Herskovits-Frazier Debatep. 52
Snap Shots vs. Videotapesp. 59
The Indictment and Response to Black Family Life: White vs. Black Portrayalsp. 59
Contemporary Demographic Profilesp. 61
Challenges Confronting Today's Families of African Descentp. 62
Poverty of Spiritp. 62
Poverty of Affirmationp. 63
Poverty of Opportunityp. 63
Poverty of Hope and Optimismp. 63
Endnotesp. 68
Coping With Racism and Oppression: Social Disparities That Impact Black Livesp. 69
Remembering a Racist Pastp. 69
W. E. B. DU Bois and the Souls of Black Folk: Racism and Oppression-Then and Nowp. 71
The Souls of Black Folk: Then-Racism and Oppression at the Dawn of the Twentieth Centuryp. 72
The Atlanta Compromise and the Rise of Booker T Washingtonp. 72
The Souls of Black Folk: Now-Racism and Oppression at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Centuryp. 74
Saltwater Fish in a Fresh Water World: Racism and Acculturation-Reframing the Discoursep. 75
A Contemporary Look at Oppressionp. 76
African-American Loyalty to a Nation That Gives Less Than Equal Return on Investmentp. 78
The Challenges of Micro- and Macro-Aggressionsp. 81
Closing Thoughtsp. 84
The Struggle For Identity Congruence in African Americansp. 85
Social Pathology of American Lifep. 92
Balancing Two Competing Worldviewsp. 94
The Psychology of Nigrescencep. 96
Contemporary Viewsp. 98
Summaryp. 102
The Psychology of African-Centered Educationp. 104
No Child Left Behindp. 105
No Child Left Behind (NCLB)p. 107
Testing vs. Teachingp. 109
Educational Innovations from the Obama Administrationp. 110
The Challenges of Education Beyond 2010p. 111
Academic Profile Cautionsp. 111
Correlates of Achievementp. 112
Academic Achievement Motivationp. 112
Self-Efficacyp. 113
Povertyp. 113
Self-Conceptp. 114
Value Orientation as a Correlatep. 117
Teacher Expectations as a Correlatep. 119
Parent Education Attainmentp. 121
Family Background as a Correlatep. 121
Educational Challenges for the New Millenniump. 122
Promising Practicesp. 127
An African-Centered Ideologyp. 128
The Reciprocal Nature of Education and Health Carep. 130
Summaryp. 131
Mental Health Issues Among African-American Peoplep. 138
Mental Health or Mental Illness: A Question of Perspectivep. 139
Therapeutic Prognosis: Contradictory Findingsp. 144
Help-Seeking Behaviors in African Americansp. 152
Recommendations for Service Deliveryp. 154
The Influence of Identity States on the Therapeutic Relationshipp. 159
Training Service Providersp. 160
African-American Psychology Proposed Practice Competencies (Parham, 2005)p. 162
Awarenessp. 162
Knowledgep. 162
Skillsp. 163
Applications of an African-Centered Psychology: The Juvenile Offenderp. 164
Introductionp. 165
African Americans and the Criminal Justice System: Policing, Courts, and Correctionsp. 165
Historical Origins of African-American Males and the Criminal Justice Systemp. 167
The Relationships Between Family Dynamics, Delinquency, and Violencep. 171
The Relationship Between Identity Development Delinquency, and Violencep. 175
The Relationship Between Academic Achievement, Delinquency, and Violencep. 176
Implementation and Practical Strategiesp. 177
Home Environmentp. 177
School Environmentp. 177
Community Environmentp. 178
Practical Strategiesp. 178
Education- and Training-Related Strategiesp. 178
Prevention and Intervention Program Strategiesp. 179
Consultation and Training Strategiesp. 180
Research Strategiesp. 181
Summaryp. 181
African-Centered Psychology: A Look Beyond 2010 to 2020p. 182
The Value of Praxis in African-American Psychologyp. 182
Emerging Perspectives in Pursuit of a Consensusp. 183
African Psychological Literaturep. 184
Aláánú: African-Centered Psychology and Spirituality-Toward an Inclusive Epistemologyp. 185
Aspirations of Relevancep. 187
Avoid Becoming Secondary Scholarsp. 189
Social Engineeringp. 189
Pharmacotherapyp. 191
Personal Congruencep. 193
African-American Psychology: Evolution of An Idea-A Selected Annotated Bibliographyp. 194
A Selected Annotated Bibliographyp. 195
African Ontological Narratives (History)p. 195
Africanisms and Diasporan African Worldp. 196
The History and Evolution af African (Black) Psychologyp. 197
African-American Psychology: General Studiesp. 199
Personality and Identity Developmentp. 199
Assessment and Appraisalp. 200
African-Centered Educationp. 201
Counseling/Clinical Therapeutic Interventionsp. 202
African-American Familyp. 202
Culture, Worldview, and Philosophyp. 203
African Spiritual Traditionsp. 204
General Readingsp. 205
Afterwordp. 207
Referencesp. 209
Indexp. 230
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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