The Psychology of Environmental Problems: Psychology for Sustainability

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2010-03-16
  • Publisher: Psychology Pres
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This compelling and insightful textbook demonstrates how eight major approaches in psychology ' social, psychoanalytical, behavioral, cognitive, physiological, health, developmental, and holistic ' can be applied to create a more sustainable society. After outlining current environmental difficulties and historical antecedents, these various perspectives offer guidance for changing individual and collective behavior.This 3rd edition is thoroughly revised and updated throughout, and features new chapters on the neuropsychology of toxic exposures, health and the psychology of environmental stress, and developmental psychology. It offers a comprehensive review of literature in various subdisciplines, demonstrating the wide applicability and relevance of psychology for addressing imminent environmental threats. Like both previous editions, the book's tone is widely accessible and engaging -- and no previous background in psychology or environmental science is assumed or required. The use of personal examples and cartoons help engage the reader. the 3rd edition is also accompanied by online resources for instructors.The Psychology of Environmental Problems: Psychology for Sustainability, 3 rd Edition can be used as a primary or secondary textbook on a wide range of courses in Ecological Psychology, Environmental Science, Sustainability Sciences, Environmental Education, and Social Marketing. It also provides a valuable resource for professional audience of policymakers, legislators, and those working on sustainable communities.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. xiii
Preface: The Why, the What, and the How of This Bookp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
What on Earth Are We Doing?p. 1
Psychology as an Environmental Sciencep. 3
The Nature of the Problemp. 4
Biology's Bottom Line: Carrying Capacityp. 6
Climate Changep. 13
Other Resource Issuesp. 16
Psychological Reactions to Environmental Threatsp. 19
The Psychology of Overconsumptionp. 23
Cultural Versus Biological Carrying Capacityp. 27
Conclusionsp. 29
The Nature of Western Thoughtp. 31
The Intellectual Roots of the DSP and Psychologyp. 34
The Western View of Naturep. 38
Assumption 1: Nature is Composed of Inert, Physical Elementsp. 39
Assumption 2: Nature Can and Should be Controlledp. 42
Assumption 3: Individual Human Beings Seek Private Economic Gainp. 47
Assumption 4: We Must Progressp. 52
The Nature of Nonindustrialized Thoughtp. 57
Conclusionsp. 61
Psychoanalytic Psychology: Becoming Conscious of the Unconsciousp. 63
The Influence of Freudp. 64
The Basis and Basics of Freud's Theoryp. 66
Critique of Freud and Psychoanalysisp. 79
Object Relations Theory: Reexperiencing the Motherp. 80
Excessive Early Demandsp. 82
Attention Withdrawn Too Earlyp. 84
Using Freud's Ideasp. 87
The Psychoanalysis of Environmentalistsp. 90
Conclusionsp. 92
Social Psychology: Under the Influence of Othersp. 95
Normsp. 96
Social Normsp. 97
Personal Normsp. 102
Identityp. 103
Personal Norms and Environmental Justicep. 104
Altruism, Morality, and the Values Beliefs Norms Theoryp. 107
Theory of Planned Behaviorp. 111
Cognitive Dissonance Theoryp. 115
Comparison of Models Linking Behavior to Attitudesp. 117
Who Cares About the Environment?p. 118
The Social Psychology of Materialismp. 122
The Unhappy Results of Materialismp. 126
Materialism and the Economyp. 128
Conclusionsp. 129
Behavioral Psychology: Contingency Managementp. 131
Operant Conditioningp. 133
Antecedent Strategies: Changing the SDsp. 140
Consequence Strategies: Changing the SRsp. 142
Behavioral Self-Controlp. 152
Limitations of the Behavioral Approachp. 157
Forgoing Freedomp. 160
Conclusionsp. 162
Neuropsychology of Toxic Exposuresp. 165
Toxic Exposuresp. 166
Neurodevelopmentp. 169
Neurodevelopmental Disabilitiesp. 172
Cognitive and Attentional Impairmentsp. 172
Autismp. 177
Behavioral and Motor Problemsp. 177
Psychosocial and Psychiatric Disordersp. 178
Toxic Effects in Adultsp. 179
Accelerated Agingp. 180
Parkinson's Diseasep. 180
Reproductive Abnormalitiesp. 181
Establishing Cause and Effect: A Research Nightmarep. 182
Legislative Issuesp. 186
The Costs of Neurotoxinsp. 188
Building the Perfect Beast: The Irony of Pesticidesp. 190
Behavioral Solutionsp. 191
Conclusionsp. 192
Cognitive Psychology: Information Processingp. 195
Information Processing Modelsp. 196
The Computer Revolutionp. 198
The Constraints of GIGOp. 199
Additional Constraints on Information Processingp. 209
Framing Effectsp. 214
Using Cognitive Psychology to Solve Environmental Problemsp. 215
Risk Assessment: Whose Quantification Problem Is It?p. 216
The Role of Emotions in Judgment of Riskp. 219
Retaining a Voicep. 223
Conclusionsp. 224
Health and the Psychology of Environmental Stressp. 227
Stressp. 228
Physiology of the Stress Responsep. 228
Psychological Components of the Stress Responsep. 232
Stress-Associated Health Risksp. 233
Stress-Associated Behavioral Disordersp. 236
Stress-Associated Psychological Disordersp. 242
Stressful Environmentsp. 243
Urban Livingp. 243
Noise Pollutionp. 245
Climate Change, Weather and Air Pollutionp. 245
Environmental Toxinsp. 247
Why Do People Choose Stressful Behaviors and Environments?p. 249
Solution Approaches: Strategies for Reducing Stressp. 250
Restorative Environmentsp. 251
Wilderness Therapyp. 254
Green Urban Planningp. 254
Green Buildingsp. 257
Conclusionsp. 258
Developmental Psychology: Growing Healthy Children in Naturep. 261
Indoor Childrenp. 262
Benefits of Naturep. 267
Cognitive Development and Reasoning Skillsp. 270
Moral Developmentp. 271
Mental Healthp. 275
Children and Animalsp. 278
Fostering Proenvironmental Behaviors in Childrenp. 279
Environmental Educationp. 281
Conclusionsp. 287
Holistic Approaches: Gestalt and Ecopsychologyp. 289
Gestalt Psychologyp. 290
Laboratory Confirmation: Group Effects in Social Dilemma Gamesp. 292
Gestalt Therapyp. 295
Mindfulnessp. 297
The Ecological Self: The Self Beyond the Selfp. 299
Ecopsychologyp. 302
Evaluating Ecopsychology: The Measurement Problemp. 305
Biodiversity from an Ecopsychological Perspectivep. 309
Emotional Dimensions of Ecopsychologyp. 313
The Ecopsychology of Placep. 317
Conclusionsp. 318
Putting it Together: Using Psychology to Build a Sustainable Worldp. 321
Comparing the Approaches: Psychological Insightsp. 323
Visualize an Ecologically Healthy Worldp. 329
Work with Big Ideas and Small Stepsp. 333
Think Circle Instead of Linep. 334
Less is Morep. 339
Practice Conscious Consumptionp. 343
Act on Personal and Political Levels, Especially Local Community Participationp. 346
Conclusionsp. 352
The Cost of Inactionp. 353
Referencesp. 355
Appendix: How to Do Itp. 429
Author Indexp. 447
Subject Indexp. 463
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