Public Administration in Theory and Practice

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2010-07-08
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Updated in a new 2 nd edition, this book examines public administration from a normative perspective, and provides readers with an understanding of thepracticeof public administration. It combines historical, contextual, and theoretical perspectives that give readers a truly comprehensive overview of the discipline and focuses on the practical implications of public administration theory.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Normative Foundationsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
History of Public Administration as an Academic Disciplinep. 5
The Early Yearsp. 6
Administration as Sciencep. 7
The First New Public Administrationp. 9
Generic Managementp. 12
The Second New Public Administrationp. 12
Retrenchment and Critiquep. 13
The State of the Disciplinep. 17
Conclusionp. 19
Referencesp. 20
Ethics in Public Administrationp. 21
Administrative Theory and Ethicsp. 21
Types of Public Moralityp. 24
Constitutional Valuesp. 27
Discretionary Judgmentp. 31
On a Practical Note: Enforcement of Ethics Rulesp. 34
Ethics and Public Policyp. 39
Conclusionp. 41
Referencesp. 41
Normative Foundations of Public Administrationp. 44
Normative Foundations of Public Administrationp. 44
Ancient Historyp. 45
Bureaucracy in the Founding Periodp. 46
Informal Constitutional Amendmentp. 47
Legitimating Administrationp. 49
Administrative Responsibilityp. 51
On a Practical Note: The Profession of Public Managementp. 56
Conclusionp. 61
Referencesp. 61
The Management Subprocesses of Public Administrationp. 63
A Conceptual History of the Budget Processp. 65
Budgeting as a Management Subprocessp. 65
Budgeting in Historic Perspectivep. 66
Macro-Budget Perspectivesp. 68
Micro-Budget Perspectivesp. 74
The Fiscal Crisis of 2009-2010p. 78
Conclusionp. 87
Referencesp. 87
A Conceptual History of Public Personnel Managementp. 89
Personnel Practice in the Founding Periodp. 90
The Spoils Systemp. 91
Introduction of Merit Systemsp. 95
Personnel Practicep. 102
Continuing Issues and Concernsp. 110
Conclusionp. 114
Referencesp. 115
A Conceptual History of Administrative Lawp. 116
The Sick Chicken Casep. 116
Defining Administrative Lawp. 117
Conclusionp. 128
Referencesp. 129
A Conceptual History of Policy Analysisp. 130
What Comes After Counting?p. 130
The Progressive Erap. 132
Toward The New Dealp. 133
Locating Policy Analysisp. 138
Referencesp. 141
Public Administration as a Puzzlep. 142
Organization Theory as a Problem of Structurep. 144
Development of the Early Bureaucracyp. 144
Toward an Efficient Organizationp. 146
Scientific Managementp. 147
Structure in Modern Organizationsp. 154
Conclusionp. 157
Referencesp. 158
Organization Theory as a Problem of Human Behaviorp. 159
The Pioneer Views: Follett and the Hawthorne Experimentsp. 160
The Sociology of Organizationp. 163
The Psychology of Organizationp. 166
The Social Psychology of Organizationp. 168
Conclusionp. 179
Referencesp. 180
Organization Theory as a Problem of Democracyp. 182
The Structural Elements in Democracyp. 183
The Values of Democracyp. 188
Bureaucracy versus Democracyp. 191
Bureaucracy and Democracy: A Preliminary Assessmentp. 194
Where to From Here?p. 196
Referencesp. 197
Identifying and Implementing Changep. 198
Theory and Practice of Planned Changep. 200
Planned Change and Government Actionp. 200
The Change Agentp. 201
The Diffusion of Innovationp. 203
Implementing Changep. 206
Change in American Governmentsp. 207
Management, Leadership, and Changep. 209
Conclusionp. 210
Referencesp. 211
Public Sector Strategic Managementp. 212
The Public Management Environmentp. 212
Advantages and Disadvantages of Strategic Managementp. 213
The Strategic Management Processp. 216
Visionp. 217
Strategic Management in Practicep. 226
Conclusionp. 227
Referencesp. 227
Theory and Practice of Organization Developmentp. 228
Organization Development Practice: Preparing for Interventionp. 228
OD Practice: The Interventionp. 231
Types of Interventionp. 233
Organization Development in the Public Sectorp. 236
Conclusionp. 240
Referencesp. 241
Public Administration "Outside the Box": Politics and Administrationp. 242
The Legislature in Administrative and Organizational Perspectivep. 245
Legislative Decision Makingp. 246
Legislative Structurep. 249
Legislative Controlp. 252
Conclusionp. 255
Referencesp. 256
Administration in Comparative Perspectivep. 257
Framework for Studyp. 257
Political Culture and Public Administrationp. 258
Personnel Practice in Comparative Perspectivep. 264
Budget Practice in Comparative Perspectivep. 268
The Structure of Budget Decision Makingp. 270
Policy Making in Comparative Perspectivep. 274
Interest Groups and Bureaucratsp. 278
Models of Governancep. 278
Democracy and Bureaucracyp. 279
Conclusionp. 281
Referencesp. 281
Politics and Administration: American Political Theory and the Bureaucracyp. 283
Representative Government and Bureaucracyp. 283
Framework and Analysisp. 284
American Political Theory: Past and Presentp. 285
Bureaucratizing Democracyp. 286
Democracy as a Mechanismp. 289
Toward a Democratic Governmentp. 289
Governmental Democracyp. 291
Conclusionp. 293
Referencesp. 294
Suggested Readingsp. 295
Indexp. 302
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