Public Health Administration

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-05-01
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
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This shorter, more user-friendly edition of Public Health Administration: Principles for Population-Based Management will provide your students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles, practices, and skills essential to successful public health administration.The second edition has been thoroughly revised and includes new information on the Healthy People 2010 objectives as well as two new chapters on bioterrorism and emergency preparedness; and public health systems research. The chapter on public health law has been thoroughly revised by the nationís top public health law expert. Other updates include coverage of the most recent reports issued by the Institute of Medicine as well as analysis on the relationships between public health and the healthcare services with a particular focus on the uninsured.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. xiii
About the Editorsp. xvii
Contributorsp. xix
Defining Public Health: Historical and Contemporary Developmentsp. 1
Defining Public Healthp. 1
Early Collective Action in Great Britain and the United Statesp. 5
Social and Environmental Factors and Organized Public Health Actionp. 8
The New Public Health Impact of Bacteriologyp. 11
Accomplishments of Public Health in the 20th Centuryp. 12
Public Health in the 21st Centuryp. 14
The Contemporary Concept of Health: The Basis for Actionp. 16
Population-Based Prevention Strategy: Theory into Actionp. 26
A Framework for Public Health Administration and Practicep. 35
Public Health Functionsp. 35
Core Public Health Functionsp. 37
Health Care Reform and Public Healthp. 39
Essential Health Servicesp. 41
Core Functions and Essential Health Services: Implementationp. 49
The Future of the Public's Healthp. 51
National Health Objectivesp. 53
Public Health Infrastructurep. 55
Governmental and Nongovernmental Aspects of Public Healthp. 59
A Community Perspectivep. 61
Medicine and Public Healthp. 63
Organization of the Public Health Delivery Systemp. 69
Governmental Public Health Organizationsp. 70
Nongovernmental Public Health Organizationsp. 106
Interorganizational Efforts in Public Healthp. 111
Public Health Lawp. 127
A Theory and Definition of Public Health Lawp. 128
Public Health in the Constitutional Designp. 130
Federal Public Health Powersp. 133
The Modern Public Health Agencyp. 137
Public Health Law Reformp. 141
The Future of Public Health Lawp. 146
Ethics in Public Health Practice and Managementp. 149
What Is Ethics?p. 150
Approaches to Ethics in Public Healthp. 151
With Whom to Partner?p. 153
Ethical Analysis in Public Health Practicep. 154
Newborn Screening and Parental Consentp. 157
Legislative Relations in Public Healthp. 161
Overviewp. 161
The Federal Budget Processp. 162
The Appropriations Process and Health Programsp. 166
Creating Health Programs-Authorizing Committee Jurisdictionsp. 169
How a Bill Becomes a Law-Reallyp. 170
Legislation and Regulationp. 171
The Department of Health and Human Servicesp. 174
Bioterrorism Preparedness Functions of the HHSp. 177
Block Grants and Funding Programsp. 177
Medicaidp. 179
Long-Term Carep. 180
State-Federal Interface in Public Healthp. 181
State Legislationp. 183
The Role of Advocatesp. 184
Financing the Public's Healthp. 189
Why Look at Public Health Financing?p. 190
Public Health Verses Personal Health Expendituresp. 191
History of Public Health Financial Data Collectionp. 192
Benefits and Challenges in Collecting Public Health Finance Datap. 199
Organization of Public Health Financingp. 201
Key Financial Operations in LHDsp. 210
Expenditure and Revenue Monitoringp. 213
Revenue Generationp. 213
Public Health Financing Challengesp. 214
Information Technology Innovationsp. 219
The Public Health Workforcep. 225
Who Are Public Health Workers?p. 225
How Many and What Kind of Workers Are Needed?p. 243
How Many and What Kind of Workers Are There Now?p. 245
What Strategies Can Enhance Workforce Capacity?p. 248
Considerations for the Future of the Public Health Workforcep. 252
Human Resources Managementp. 261
Workforce Planningp. 262
Job Analysis and Job Descriptionp. 264
Recruitmentp. 265
Selection of Applicantsp. 267
Socialization and Motivationp. 270
Training and Developmentp. 272
Coaching and Performance Appraisalp. 274
Transfer, Promotion, and Terminationp. 276
Personnel Policiesp. 277
Leadership for Public Healthp. 281
The Nature vs. Nurture Debatep. 282
Essential Skills and Competencies for Public Health Leadershipp. 282
Situational Leadershipp. 283
Management vs. Leadershipp. 285
Transformational Leadershipp. 288
Measuring Leadership Growth and Developmentp. 289
The Importance of Mentoringp. 292
Public Health Data Acquisitionp. 297
Historical Perspective on Data Collectionp. 298
Present National Uses of Datap. 299
Federal Sources of Datap. 300
State Sources of Datap. 314
Local Sources of Datap. 317
Other Sources of Datap. 319
Using the Internet to Access Data Sourcesp. 322
Issues in Data Interpretationp. 322
Legal Issues Regarding Data Release and Securityp. 324
Geographic Information Systems for Public Healthp. 329
History of GIS in Public Healthp. 329
Features of GISp. 330
Public Health GIS Applicationsp. 333
Lessons Learned and Challengesp. 339
Getting Started with GISp. 343
Future of GIS and the Role of Public Health Officialsp. 343
Using Information Systems for Public Health Administrationp. 353
Contemporary Concepts and Applicationsp. 354
Information Systems Architecturesp. 359
Sources of Data for Information Systemsp. 365
HIS Applications in Public Health Administrationp. 374
Privacy Issuesp. 377
Public Health Surveillancep. 381
Function and Form of Public Health Surveillance Systemsp. 382
Surveillance System Design and Operationsp. 391
Assessment and Strategic Planning in Public Healthp. 411
Definition and Overview of Assessmentp. 412
Historical Roots of Public Health Assessmentp. 414
The Role of Public Health Organizations in the Assessment Processp. 414
Public Participation in Assessmentp. 418
Methods Used for Assessmentp. 419
Collaborative Assessment Partnershipsp. 429
Strategic Planningp. 435
MAPPp. 435
Activities across Organizational Boundaries: The Public Health Systems Approachp. 437
Building Constituencies for Public Healthp. 443
Who Is Public Health's Constituency?p. 445
Incentives for Constituency Participationp. 445
Assessing the Effectiveness of Public Health Constituenciesp. 451
Proven Interventions Improve Health and Build Constituenciesp. 451
Initiating the Constituency Building Processp. 455
Performance Management: The Evolution of Standards, Measurement, and Quality Improvement in Public Healthp. 459
The Elements of Performance Managementp. 460
Applications Using Public Health Standardsp. 473
Critical Issues for Successp. 480
Accreditation of Public Health Organizationsp. 481
Evaluation of Public Health Interventionsp. 495
Evaluation Methodsp. 496
Economic Analysesp. 502
Measurementp. 512
Practical Aspects of Program Evaluationp. 517
Performance Measurement and Improvement Processp. 526
Community-Based Preventionp. 545
Defining Key Terms: Community and Coalitionp. 546
Evidence-Based Planning in Community Settingsp. 549
Communication and Media Relationsp. 567
Communication in Public Healthp. 567
Building Constituency and Visibilityp. 573
Media Relationsp. 577
Media Interaction Guidelinesp. 582
Risk Communication During Public Health Emergenciesp. 584
Building a Model Public Information Officep. 585
Public Health Education and Health Promotionp. 589
Public Health Educationp. 590
Health Promotionp. 608
Health Promotion Includes Health Educationp. 614
Using Marketing in Public Healthp. 621
What Is Marketing?p. 621
Why Integrate Marketing into Public Health Practice?p. 623
Key Marketing Conceptsp. 625
Challenges of Public Health Marketingp. 630
The Marketing Processp. 635
Building Marketing Capacityp. 650
Using Marketing Approaches on Limited Budgetsp. 651
Roles and Responsibilities of Public Health in Disaster Preparedness and Responsep. 657
Definitionsp. 658
History of Public Health's Rolep. 663
Public Health's Rolep. 664
What Is Public Health's Responsibility in Disaster Response?p. 665
Functional Model of Public Health's Response in Disastersp. 667
Structure and Organizational Makeup of Disaster Responsep. 671
Assessment in Disastersp. 678
Data Collectionp. 682
Mental Health Considerations in Disastersp. 683
Public Health Aspects of Environmental Services During Disastersp. 688
Bioterrorism, Influenza, and Emerging Infectious Diseasesp. 696
Pandemic Influenzap. 703
Evidence for the Futurep. 715
The Role of Research in Public Health Improvementp. 716
Intervention Research vs. Systems Researchp. 717
What Can Be Learned from Public Health Systems Research?p. 718
Research Opportunities and Prioritiesp. 719
Building Capacity for Public Health Systems Researchp. 720
Protecting Human Subjects in Public Health Researchp. 721
Research and the Future of Public Health Systemsp. 722
Indexp. 725
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