9780195180848

Public Health Ethics Theory, Policy, and Practice

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  • ISBN13:

    9780195180848

  • ISBN10:

    0195180844

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-11-09
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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What is included with this book?

Summary

Since public health seeks to protect the health of populations, it inevitably confronts a range of ethical challenges having to do primarily with the friction between individual freedoms and what might be perceived as governmental paternalism. This volume brings together twenty-five articlesby leading thinkers in the field, writing on topics that concern both classic and novel problems. They open up new terrain in each area, including tobacco and drug control, infectious disease, environmental and occupational health, the effect of new genetics on the publics health, and the impact ofsocial inequalities on patterns of morbidity and mortality. The volume editors offer a context for discussion with introductory essays for each of the books five sections.

Table of Contents

About the Editors xiii
Introduction: Ethical Theory and Public Health 3(24)
Part I: The Public Health Perspective
Introduction
27(58)
1. Geoffrey Rose, "Sick Individuals and Sick Populations" (International Journal of Epidemiology 14[1]: March 1985, 32-38)
33(12)
2. Dan E. Beauchamp, "Community: The Neglected Tradition of Public Health" (Hastings Center Report 15[6]: December 1985, 28-36)
45(12)
3. Lawrence O. Gostin, Jo Ivey Boufford, and Rose Marie Martinez, "The Future of the Public's Health: Vision, Values, and Strategies" (Health Affairs 23[4]: July/August 2004, 96-107)
57(14)
4. Mark A. Rothstein, "Rethinking the Meaning of Public Health" (Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30[2]: Summer 2002, 144-149)
71(14)
Part II: Autonomy and Paternalism
Introduction
85(66)
5. Daniel Wikler, "Who Should Be Blamed for Being Sick?" (Health Education Quarterly 14[1]: Spring 1987, 11-25)
89(16)
6. Ronald Bayer and Jonathan D. Moreno, "Health Promotion: Ethical and Social Dilemmas of Government Policy" (Health Affairs 5[2]: Summer 1986, 72-85)
105(12)
7. Robert E. Goodin, No Smoking: The Ethical Issues (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989, excerpts from chapters 1 and 2)
117(10)
8. Jacob Sullum, For Your Own Good: The Anti-Smoking Crusade and the Tyranny of Public Health (New York: The Free Press, 1998, excerpts)
127(8)
9. Ethan A. Nadelmann, "Drug Prohibition in the United States: Costs, Consequences, and Alternatives" (Science 24514921]: 1 September 1989, 939-947)
135(16)
10. James Q. Wilson, "Against the Legalization of Drugs" (Commentary 89[2]: February 1990,21-28)
151(16)
Part III: Justice and Health
Introduction
167(4)
11. Angus Deaton, "Policy Implications of the Gradient of Health and Wealth" (Health Affairs 21 [2]: March/April 2002,13-30)
171(16)
12. Richard G. Wilkinson, "Putting the Picture Together: Prosperity, 'Redistribution, Health, and Welfare" (in Michael Marmot and Richard G. Wilkinson, eds., Social Determinants of Health [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999], pp. 256-274)
187(18)
13. Norman Daniels, Bruce P. Kennedy, and Ichiro Kawachi, "Why Justice Is Good for Our Health: The Social Determinants of Health Inequalities" (Daedalus 128[4]: Fall 1999, 215-251)
205(26)
14. Bruce Jennings, "Health Policy in a New Key: Setting Democratic Priorities" (Journal of Social Issues 4912]: 1993, 169-184)
231(18)
Part IV: Infectious Disease: Coercion and the Protection of Society Introduction 249(60)
15. Ronald Bayer and Amy L. Fairchild, "Surveillance and Privacy" (Science 290[54981: 8 December 2000, 1898-1899)
255(6)
16. Lawrence O. Gostin, Ronald Bayer, and Amy L. Fairchild, "Ethical and Legal Challenges Posed by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: Implications for the Control of Severe Infectious Disease Threats" (Journal of the American Medical Association 290[24]: 24 December 2003, 3229-3237)
261(18)
17. Douglas S. Diekema and Edgar K. Marcuse, "Ethical Issues in the Vaccination of Children" (in G.R. Burgio and J.D. Lantos, eds., Primum Non Nocere Today, 2nd ed. !Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1998], pp. 37-47)
279(10)
18. Ronald Bayer and James Colgrove, "Rights and Dangers: Bioterrorism and the Ideologies of Public Health" (in Jonathan D. Moreno, ed., In the Wake of Terror: Medicine and Morality in a Time of Crisis [Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 20031, pp. 51-74)
289(20)
Part V: Regulation and Environmental and Occupational Health
Introduction
309(4)
19. Carl F. Cranor, Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 44-48 [excerpts])
313(6)
20. Carolyn Raffensperger and Joel A. Tickner, "To Foresee and to Forestall" (Introduction to Raffensperger and Tickner, eds., Protecting Public Health and the Environment: Implementing the Precautionary Principle [Washington, DC: Island Press, 1999], pp. 1-11)
319(8)
21. Norman Daniels, "Doth OSHA Protect Too Much?" (in Daniels, Just Health Care [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985], chapter 7 [excerpts])
327(24)
Part VI: Genetics and Public Health
Introduction
351(6)
22. Scott Burris and Lawrence O. Gostin, "Genetic Screening from a Public Health Perspective: Three 'Ethical' Principles" (in Justine Burley and John Harris, eds., A Companion to Genethics [Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002], pp. 455-464)
357(12)
23. Richard R. Sharp and J. Carl Barrett, "The Environmental Genome Project: Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications" (Environmental Health Perspectives 108[4]: April 2000,279-281)
369(8)
24. Ellen Wright Clayton, "The Complex Relationships of Genetics, Groups, and Health: What It Means for Public Health" (Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30[2]: Summer 2002, 290-297)
377(14)
25. Pamela Sankar, Mildred K. Cho, Celeste M. Condit, Linda M. Hunt, Barbara Koenig, Patricia Marshall, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, and Paul Spicer, "Genetic Research and Health Disparities" (Journal of the American Medical Association 291[24]: 23 June 2004, 2985-2989)
391(12)
Index 403

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