9780195180855

Public Health Ethics Theory, Policy, and Practice

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780195180855

  • ISBN10:

    0195180852

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-11-09
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Since public health seeks to protect the health of populations, it inevitably confronts a range of ethical challenges having to do primarily with the friction between individual freedoms and what might be perceived as governmental paternalism. This volume brings together twenty-five articles by leading thinkers in the field, writing on topics that concern both classic and novel problems. They open up new terrain in each area, including tobacco and drug control, infectious disease, environmental and occupational health, the effect of new genetics on the publics health, and the impact of social inequalities on patterns of morbidity and mortality. The volume editors offer a context for discussion with introductory essays for each of the books five sections.

Table of Contents

About the Editors xiii
Introduction: Ethical Theory and Public Health 3(24)
Part I: The Public Health Perspective
Introduction
27(6)
``Sick Individuals and Sick Populations'' (International Journal of Epidemiology 14[1]: March 1985, 32--38)
33(12)
Geoffrey Rose
``Community: The Neglected Tradition of Public Health'' (Hastings Center Report 15[6]: December 1985, 28--36)
45(12)
Dan E. Beauchamp
Jo Ivey Boufford, and Rose Marie Martinez, ``The Future of the Public's Health: Vision, Values, and Strategies'' (Health Affairs 23[4]: July/August 2004, 96--107)
57(14)
Lawrence O. Gostin
``Rethinking the Meaning of Public Health'' (Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30[2]: Summer 2002, 144--149)
71(18)
Mark A. Rothstein
Part II: Autonomy and Paternalism
Introduction
85(4)
``Who Should Be Blamed for Being Sick?'' (Health Education Quarterly 14[1]: Spring 1987, 11--25)
89(16)
Daniel Wikler
``Health Promotion: Ethical and Social Dilemmas of Government Policy'' (Health Affairs 5[2]: Summer 1986, 72--85)
105(12)
Ronald Bayer
Jonathan D. Moreno
No Smoking: The Ethical Issues (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989, excerpts from chapters 1 and 2)
117(10)
Robert E. Goodin
For Your Own Good: The Anti-Smoking Crusade and the Tyranny of Public Health (New York: The Free Press, 1998, excerpts)
127(8)
Jacob Sullum
``Drug Prohibition in the United States: Costs, Consequences, and Alternatives'' (Science 245[4921]: 1 September 1989, 939--947)
135(16)
Ethan A. Nadelmann
``Against the Legalization of Drugs'' (Commentary 89[2]: February 1990, 21--28)
151(20)
James Q. Wilson
Part III: Justice and Health
Introduction
167(4)
``Policy Implications of the Gradient of Health and Wealth'' (Health Affairs 21[2]: March/April 2002, 13--30)
171(16)
Angus Deaton
``Putting the Picture Together: Prosperity, Redistribution, Health, and Welfare'' (in Michael Marmot and Richard G. Wilkinson, eds., Social Determinants of Health [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999], pp. 256--274)
187(18)
Richard G. Wilkinson
Bruce P. Kennedy, and Ichiro Kawachi, ``Why Justice Is Good for Our Health: The Social Determinants of Health Inequalities'' (Daedalus 128[4]: Fall 1999, 215--251)
205(26)
Norman Daniels
``Health Policy in a New Key: Setting Democratic Priorities'' (Journal of Social Issues 49[2]: 1993, 169--184)
231(24)
Bruce Jennings
Part IV: Infectious Disease: Coercion and the Protection of Society
Introduction
249(6)
``Surveillance and Privacy'' (Science 290[5498]: 8 December 2000, 1898--1899)
255(6)
Ronald Bayer
Amy L. Fairchild
Ronald Bayer, and Amy L. Fairchild, ``Ethical and Legal Challenges Posed by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: Implications for the Control of Severe Infectious Disease Threats'' (Journal of the American Medical Association 290[24]: 24 December 2003, 3229--3237)
261(18)
Lawrence O. Gostin
``Ethical Issues in the Vaccination of Children'' (in G. R. Burgio and J. D. Lantos, eds., Primum Non Nocere Today, 2nd ed. [Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1998], pp. 37--47)
279(10)
Douglas S. Diekema
Edgar K. Marcuse
``Rights and Dangers: Bioterrorism and the Ideologies of Public Health'' (in Jonathan D. Moreno, ed., In the Wake of Terror: Medicine and Morality in a Time of Crisis [Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003], pp. 51--74)
289(24)
Ronald Bayer
James Colgrove
Part V: Regulation and Environmental and Occupational Health
Introduction
309(4)
Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 44--48 [excerpts])
313(6)
Carl F. Cranor
``To Foresee and to Forestall'' (Introduction to Raffensperger and Tickner, eds., Protecting Public Health and the Environment: Implementing the Precautionary Principle [Washington, DC: Island Press, 1999], pp. 1--11)
319(8)
Carolyn Raffensperger
Joel A. Tickner
``Doth OSHA Protect Too Much?'' (in Daniels, Just Health Care [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985], chapter 7 [excerpts])
327(30)
Norman Daniels
Part VI: Genetics and Public Health
Introduction
351(6)
``Genetic Screening from a Public Health Perspective: Three 'Ethical' Principles'' (in Justine Burley and John Harris, eds., A Companion to Genethics [Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002], pp. 455--464)
357(12)
Scott Burris
Lawrence O. Gostin
``The Environmental Genome Project: Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications'' (Environmental Health Perspectives 108[4]: April 2000, 279--281)
369(8)
Richard R. Sharp
J. Carl Barrett
``The Complex Relationships of Genetics, Groups, and Health: What It Means for Public Health'' (Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30[2]: Summer 2002, 290--297)
377(14)
Ellen Wright Clayton
Mildred K. Cho, Celeste M. Condit, Linda M. Hunt, Barbara Koenig, Patricia Marshall, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, and Paul Spicer, ``Genetic Research and Health Disparities'' (Journal of the American Medical Association 291[24]: 23 June 2004, 2985--2989)
391(12)
Pamela Sankar
Index 403

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