9780521135153

Quantitative Textural Measurements in Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521135153

  • ISBN10:

    052113515X

  • Edition: Revised
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-03-11
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

Processes involved in the development of igneous and metamorphic rocks involve some combination of crystal growth, solution, movement and deformation, which is expressed as changes in texture (microstructure). Advances in the quantification of aspects of crystalline rock textures, such as crystal size, shape, orientation and position, have opened fresh avenues of research that extend and complement the more dominant chemical and isotopic studies. This book discusses the aspects of petrological theory necessary to understand the development of crystalline rock texture. It develops the methodological basis of quantitative textural measurements and shows how much can be achieved with limited resources. Typical applications to petrological problems are discussed for each type of measurement. This book will be of great interest to all researchers and graduate students in petrology.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Petrological methods
Qualitative versus quantitative data
What do I mean by texture?
Information density and data sources
Structure of this book
Software applications for quantitative textural studies
General analytical methods
Introduction
Complete three dimensional analytical methods
Extraction of grain parameters from data volumes
Destructive partial analytical methods
Surface and section analytical methods
Extraction of textural parameters from images
Calculation of three dimensional data from two dimensional observations
Verification of theoretical parameter distributions
Summary
Grain and crystal sizes
Introduction
Review of theory
Analytical methods
Typical applications
Grain shape
Introduction
Brief review of theory
Methodology
Typical applications
Grain orientations - rock fabric
Introduction
Brief review of theory
Introduction to fabric methodology
Determination of shape preferred orientations
Determination of lattice preferred orientations
3D bulk fabric methods - combined SPO and LPO
Extraction of grain orientation data and parameters
Typical applications
Grain spatial distributions and relations
Introduction
Brief review of theory
Methodology
Typical applications
Textures of fluid-filled pores
Introduction
Brief review of theory
Methodology
Parameter values and display
Typical applications
Appendix - Computer programs for use in quantitative textural analysis - freeware, shareware and commercial
Abbreviations
General analytical methods
Grain and crystal sizes
Grain shape
Grain orientations - rock fabric
Grain spatial distributions and relations
Figure captions
References
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