Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-07-16
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Quantum optics are studied in order to understand how light and matter interact on a quantum level. This knowledge can then be applied in quantum information processing. Semiconductor nanostructures are attracting a great deal of interest as the most promising material for devices with which to implement quantum information processing, quantum cryptography and quantum computing. Part one covers single quantum dot systems. Part two describes nanolasers with quantum dot emitters. Part three explains the theory of light-matter interaction in quantum-dot systems. Part four discusses semiconductor cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) and part five explores the possibilities held by ultrafast phenomena.

Author Biography

Frank Jahnke is Professor at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Bremen, Germany, and is internationally known for his research on semiconductor quantum optics.

Table of Contents

Contributor contact detailsp. xiii
Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materialsp. xix
Prefacep. xxiii
Single quantum dot systemsp. 1
Resonance fluorescence emission from single semiconductor quantum dots coupled to high-quality microcavitiesp. 3
Introductionp. 3
Emitter state preparation in single semiconductor quantum dots: role of dephasingp. 5
Resonance fluorescence from a single semiconductor quantum dotp. 9
Dephasing of Mollow triplet sideband emission from a quantum dot in a microcavityp. 24
The phenomenon of non-resonant quantum dot-cavity couplingp. 30
Conclusionp. 40
Acknowledgmentsp. 41
Referencesp. 41
Quantum optics with single quantum dots in photonic crystal cavitiesp. 46
Introductionp. 46
Integrated, solid-state quantum optics platform: InAs quantum dots (QDs) and photonic crystal nanocavitiesp. 47
Photon blockade and photon-assisted tunnelingp. 52
Fast, electrical control of a single quantum dot-cavity systemp. 57
Phonon-mediated off-resonant interaction in a quantum dot-cavity systemp. 63
Quantum photonic interfaces between In As quantum dots and telecom wavelengthsp. 70
Future trends and conclusionsp. 73
Acknowledgmentsp. 73
Referencesp. 73
Modeling single quantum dots in microcavitiesp. 78
Introductionp. 78
Building blocks of the coupled microcavity-quantum dot systemp. 79
Theoretical description of the single-quantum dot-microcavity systemp. 84
Numerical methods and characteristic quantitiesp. 88
Competing electronic configurations and input/output characteristics of a single-quantum dot laserp. 93
Sources of dephasing and spectral linewidthsp. 103
Analogy to the two-level systemp. 107
Conclusionsp. 109
Referencesp. 111
Nanolasers with quantum dot emittersp. 115
Highly efficient quantum dot micropillar lasersp. 117
Introductionp. 117
Theoretical description of high- microlasersp. 118
Fabrication of quantum dot (QD) micropillar lasersp. 123
Optical characterization and pre-selection of QD micropillars for lasing studiesp. 127
Lasing in optically pumped QD micropillar lasersp. 131
Lasing in electrically pumped QD micropillar lasersp. 141
Future trends and conclusionsp. 149
Acknowledgmentsp. 149
Referencesp. 150
Photon correlations in semiconductor nanostructuresp. 154
Introductionp. 154
Theoretical description of light-matter couplingp. 155
Photon statisticsp. 163
Experimental approaches to photon correlation measurementsp. 167
Correlation measurements on semiconductor nanostructuresp. 170
Future trends and conclusionsp. 182
Referencesp. 182
Emission properties of photonic crystal nanolasersp. 186
Introductionp. 186
Design of photonic crystal (PC) nanocavitiesp. 188
Optical emission properties of quantum dots (QDs) in PC nanocavitiesp. 195
Signatures of lasing in PC nanolasersp. 202
Detuning experiments: the quest for the gain mechanismp. 206
Conclusionsp. 214
Acknowledgmentsp. 215
Referencesp. 215
Deformed wavelength-scale microdisk lasers with quantum dot emittersp. 225
Introductionp. 225
Ray-wave correspondence in microdisk cavitiesp. 229
Modified ray-wave correspondence in wavelength-scale cavitiesp. 231
Wavelength-scale asymmetric resonant microcavity lasersp. 239
Conclusionsp. 248
Acknowledgmentp. 249
Referencesp. 249
Light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructuresp. 253
Photon statistics and entanglement in phonon-assisted quantum light emission from semiconductor quantum dotsp. 255
Introductionp. 255
Incoherently driven emission: phonon-assisted single quantum dot luminescencep. 258
Entanglement analysis of a quantum dot biexciton cascadep. 264
Coherently driven emissionp. 269
Equations of motionp. 272
Emission dynamicsp. 275
Emission from strongly coupled quantum dot cavity quantum electrodynamicsp. 279
Phonon-assisted polariton signaturesp. 283
Phonon-enhanced antibunchingp. 285
Conclusionsp. 289
Referencesp. 289
Luminescence spectra of quantum dots in microcavitiesp. 293
Introductionp. 293
The Jaynes-Cummings modelp. 295
Luminescence spectrap. 300
Experimental implementations and observationsp. 309
Luminescence spectra in the nonlinear regimep. 315
Effects of pure dephasingp. 319
Lasingp. 322
Conclusions and future trendsp. 325
Acknowledgementsp. 326
Referencesp. 326
Photoluminescence from a quantum dot-cavity systemp. 332
Introduction: solid-state cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) systems with quantum dots (QDs)p. 332
Cavity feeding: influence of multiexcitonic states at large detuningp. 337
Model for a QD-cavity systemp. 340
Radiative processes revisitedp. 348
Cavity feeding: Monte Carlo modelp. 350
Cavity feeding: influence of acoustic phonons at small detuningp. 357
Conclusionsp. 363
Acknowledgementsp. 364
Referencesp. 364
Quantum optics with quantum-dot and quantum-well systemsp. 369
Introductionp. 369
Quantum-optical correlationsp. 370
Quantum emission of strong-coupling quantum dotsp. 377
Quantum-optical spectroscopyp. 384
Future trends and conclusionsp. 390
Referencesp. 390
Semiconductor cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED)p. 393
All-solid-state quantum optics employing quantum dots in photonic crystalsp. 395
Introductionp. 395
Light-matter interaction in photonic crystalsp. 396
Disordered photonic crystal waveguidesp. 409
Cavity quantum electrodynamics in disordered photonic crystal waveguidesp. 413
Future trends and conclusionsp. 417
Acknowledgmentsp. 418
Referencesp. 418
One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam cavitiesp. 421
Introductionp. 421
Design, fabrication and computationp. 426
Passive photonic crystal cavity measurement techniquep. 429
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique and historyp. 432
Experimental results of ALD coated photonic crystal nanobeam cavitiesp. 436
Conclusionsp. 441
Future trendsp. 441
Acknowledgmentsp. 442
Referencesp. 442
Growth of II-VI and Ill-nitride quantum-dot microcavity systemsp. 447
Introductionp. 447
Growth of II-VI quantum dots: CdSe and CdTep. 450
II-VI Bragg reflectors lattice matched to GaAs and ZnTep. 456
Microcavities containing CdSe or CdTe quantum dotsp. 463
Formation of InGaN quantum dotsp. 465
Nitride-based Bragg reflectorsp. 471
Microcavities containing InGaN quantum dotsp. 473
Preparation of micropillars employing focused ion beam etchingp. 475
Conclusionsp. 477
Referencesp. 478
Ultrafast phenomenap. 485
Femtosecond quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructuresp. 487
Introductionp. 487
Few-fermion dynamics and single-photon gain in a semiconductor quantum dotp. 490
Nanophotonic structures for increased light-matter interactionp. 497
Ultrastrong light-matter coupling and sub-cycle switching: towards non-adiabatic quantum electrodynamicsp. 506
Ultrabroadband terahertz technology watching light oscillatep. 508
Intersubband-cavity polaritons - non-adiabatic switching of ultrastrong couplingp. 514
Referencesp. 522
Coherent optoelectronics with quantum dotsp. 528
Introductionp. 528
Single quantum dot photodiodesp. 529
Exciton qubits in photodiodesp. 533
Coherent manipulation of the excitonp. 536
Ramsey fringes: control of the qubit phasep. 543
Coherent control by optoelectronic manipulationp. 548
Future trends and conclusionsp. 554
Acknowledgementsp. 555
Referencesp. 555
Indexp. 561
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