Race and Ethnicity in the United States

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-05-26
  • Publisher: Pearson
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A Core Race & Ethnicity text that covers 6 main topics: Theories & Concepts in Race & Ethnicity Prejudice Discrimination Immigration in the U.S. Religion U.S. & its diverse population This concise topical introduction to race and ethnicity in the U.S. explores prejudice, discrimination, immigration, ethnicity, and religion in their historical and current contexts. Based on the opening chapters of the best-sellingRacial and Ethnic Groups, this new edition covers the major topics that anchor courses in multiculturalism, diversity, and race and ethnic relations.

Author Biography

Richard T. Schaefer grew up in Chicago at a time when neighborhoods were going through transitions in ethnic and racial composition. He found himself increasingly intrigued by what was happening, how people were reacting, and how these changes were affecting neighborhoods and people’s jobs. In high school, he took a course in sociology. His interest in social issues caused him to gravitate to more sociology courses at Northwestern University, where he eventually received a B.A. in sociology.

“Originally as an undergraduate I thought I would go on to law school and become a lawyer. But after taking a few sociology courses, I found myself wanting to learn more about what sociologists studied and was fascinated by the kinds of questions they raised,” Dr. Schaefer says. “Perhaps the most fascinating and, to me, relevant to the 1960s was the intersection of race, gender, and social class.” This interest led him to obtain his M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago. Dr. Schaefer’s continuing interest in race relations led him to write his master’s thesis on the membership of the Ku Klux Klan and his doctoral thesis on racial prejudice and race relations in Great Britain.

Dr. Schaefer went on to become a professor of sociology. He has taught sociology and courses on multiculturalism for thirty years. He has been invited to give special presentations to students and faculty on racial and ethnic diversity in Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas.

Dr. Schaefer is the author of Racial and Ethnic Groups , twelfth edition census update (Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011). Dr. Schaefer is the General Editorgeneral editor of the three-volume Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society (2008). He is also the author of the twelfth edition of Sociology (2010), the eighth edition of Sociology: A Brief Introduction (2009), and the fourth edition of Sociology Matters (2008). Schaefer co-authored with William Zellner the eighth edition of Extraordinary Groups (2008). His articles and book reviews have appeared in many journals, including American Journal of Sociology, Phylon: A Review of Race and Culture, Contemporary Sociology, Sociology and Social Research, Sociological Quarterly, and Teaching Sociology. He served as president of the Midwest Sociological Society from 1994 to 1995. In recognition of his achievements in undergraduate teaching, he was named Vincent de Paul Professor of Sociology in 2004.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
About the Authorp. xvi
Exploring Race and Ethnicityp. 1
What Is a Subordinate Group?p. 4
Types of Subordinate Groupsp. 8
Racial Groupsp. 8
Ethnic Groupsp. 9
Religious Groupsp. 9
Listen to Our Voices: Problem of the Color Linep. 10
Gender Groupsp. 11
Other Subordinate Groupsp. 11
Does Race Matter?p. 11
Biological Meaningp. 11
Social Construction of Racep. 14
Sociology and the Study of Race and Ethnicityp. 16
Stratification by Class and Genderp. 16
Theoretical Perspectivesp. 17
The Creation of Subordinate-Group Statusp. 22
Migrationp. 22
Annexationp. 23
Colonialismp. 23
The Consequences of Subordinate-Group Statusp. 26
Exterminationp. 26
Expulsionp. 26
Secessionp. 27
Segregationp. 27
Fusionp. 29
Assimilationp. 30
The Pluralist Perspectivep. 31
Biracial and Multiracial Identity: Who Am I?p. 33
Research Focus: Measuring Multiracial Identityp. 34
Matrix of Domination: Minority Womenp. 37
Resistance and Changep. 39
Prejudicep. 43
Hate Crimesp. 46
Prejudice and Discriminationp. 48
Merton's Typologyp. 48
LaPiere's Studyp. 50
Theories of Prejudicep. 51
Scapegoating Theoryp. 51
Authoritarian Personality Theoryp. 51
Exploitation Theoryp. 52
Normative Approachp. 53
Stereotypesp. 54
What Are Stereotypes?p. 54
Power of Stereotypesp. 54
Listen to Our Voices: National Media Should Stop Using Obscene Wordsp. 55
Stereotyping in Action: Racial Profilingp. 56
Color-Blind Racismp. 58
The Mood of the Oppressedp. 60
Intergroup Hostilityp. 63
Reducing Prejudicep. 64
Educationp. 66
Mass Mediap. 66
Research Focus: How Real Is Reality Television?p. 68
Avoidance versus Friendshipp. 70
Corporate Response: Diversity Trainingp. 72
Ways to Fight Hatep. 74
Discriminationp. 79
Understanding Discriminationp. 82
Relative versus Absolute Deprivationp. 82
Total Discriminationp. 84
Institutional Discriminationp. 85
Low-Wage Laborp. 88
Research Focus: Discrimination in Job Seekingp. 90
Discrimination Todayp. 91
Continuing Wage Gapp. 91
Eliminating Discriminationp. 94
Wealth Inequality: Discrimination's Legacyp. 98
Listen to Our Voices: Of Race and Riskp. 99
Environmental Justicep. 101
Affirmative Actionp. 103
Affirmative Action Explainedp. 103
The Legal Debatep. 104
Reverse Discriminationp. 108
The Glass Ceilingp. 109
Immigrationp. 115
Immigration: A Global Phenomenonp. 119
Patterns of Immigration to the United Statesp. 119
Today's Foreign-Born Populationp. 121
Early Immigrationp. 122
The Anti-Chinese Movementp. 124
Restrictionist Sentiment Increasesp. 126
The National Origin Systemp. 127
The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Actp. 128
Contemporary Social Concernsp. 130
The Brain Drainp. 131
Population Growthp. 131
Mixed-Status Familiesp. 132
Language Barriersp. 133
Illegal Immigrationp. 135
Path to Citizenship: Naturalizationp. 138
The Economic Impact of Immigrationp. 140
Listen to Our Voices: The Next Americansp. 140
Women and Immigrationp. 144
Research Focus: Assimilation May be Hazardous to Your Healthp. 145
The Global Economy and Immigrationp. 146
The Environment and Immigrationp. 147
Refugeesp. 148
Ethnicity and Religionp. 153
Listen to Our Voices: I was Born in Tiranap. 155
Ethnic Diversityp. 156
Why Don't We Study Whiteness?p. 157
Whitenessp. 157
White Privilegep. 158
The Rediscovery of Ethnicityp. 160
Blended Identityp. 160
The Third-Generation Principlep. 161
Symbolic Ethnicityp. 162
The German Americansp. 163
Settlement Patternsp. 164
Twentieth-Century German Americap. 165
The Irish Americansp. 166
Irish Immigrationp. 167
Becoming Whitep. 168
The Contemporary Picturep. 170
The Italian Americansp. 170
Early Immigrationp. 171
Constructing Identityp. 171
Research Focus: Immigrants: Yesterday and Todayp. 173
The Contemporary Picturep. 174
The Polish Americansp. 175
Early Immigrationp. 176
Poloniap. 176
The Contemporary Picturep. 178
Religious Pluralismp. 179
Diversity among Roman Catholicsp. 183
Diversity among Protestantsp. 184
Religion and the Courtsp. 187
Limits of Religious Freedom: The Amishp. 190
The Amish Way of Lifep. 190
The Amish and Larger Societyp. 192
The Nation as a Kaleidoscopep. 197
The Glass Half Emptyp. 202
Is There a Model Minority?p. 205
Listen to Our Voices: From Kawasaki to Chicagop. 208
Acting White, Acting Black, or Neitherp. 209
Persistence of Inequalityp. 211
Talking Past One Anotherp. 213
Internet Resource Directoryp. 219
Glossaryp. 225
Referencesp. 228
Photo Creditsp. 241
Author Indexp. 243
Subject Indexp. 247
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