Radical Islam in East Africa

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-02-15
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation
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American geopolitical interests and the potential threats to those interests are both on the rise in East Africa. The author places the spread of militant Islamism and the development of radical Islamist networks in East Africa in the broader context of the social, economic, and political factors that have shaped the region's security environment.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. vii
Tablesp. ix
Summaryp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Abbreviationsp. xvii
Al-Qaeda in East Africap. 1
Characteristics of East African Environment Conducive to a Jihadist Presencep. 7
Weak Governance and Collapsed Statesp. 8
Alternative Power Centersp. 16
Prevalence of the Informal Economyp. 19
Porous Bordersp. 20
Widespread Access to Illegal Weaponsp. 21
Proximity to the Arabian Peninsulap. 22
Operational Access to Attack Venuesp. 22
The Ethno-Religious Landscape of East Africap. 25
Country Analysisp. 27
Sudanp. 27
Somalia and Djiboutip. 29
Ethiopia and Eritreap. 33
The Swahili Coastp. 34
Muslim-State Relations on the Swahili Coastp. 36
The Growth of Radical Islamp. 39
Ideological Infiltrationp. 40
Islamic Charitiesp. 41
Catalytic Events: The Islamist-Military Coup in Sudan and the Collapse of the Somali Statep. 44
Radicalization in Sudanp. 46
Sudan Counterterrorism Posture After 9/11p. 51
Somalia: Al-Ittihad al-Islamip. 53
The Rise of the Islamic Courts Unionp. 55
The ICU's Relationship to the AIAIp. 56
The ICU's Rule in Mogadishu (May-December 2006)p. 58
Trends in Post-ICU Somaliap. 63
Other Al-Qaeda-Linked Networksp. 69
Countering Terrorism in East Africap. 71
Current Counterterrorism Programsp. 71
Recommendationsp. 74
Bibliographyp. 79
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