Reading the American Past, Volume II: From 1865 : Selected Historical Documents

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-04
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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This two-volume primary-source collection provides a diverse selection of voices from the nation's past while emphasizing the important social, political, and economic themes of a U.S. history survey course. Thirty-one new documents (one per chapter) present history from the perspective of notable leaders and ordinary people alike, focusing particular attention on the West, gender, ethnicity, and America in a global context. A revised introduction offers clear and helpful guidance on how to read and analyze primary documents. Edited by one of the authors of The American Promise and designed to complement the textbook, Reading the American Past features over 150 documents, each accompanied by a headnote and questions for discussion. Chapter headnotes and comparative questions further encourage students' understanding of the sources.

Author Biography

MICHAEL P. JOHNSON (Ph.D., Stanford University) is a professor of history at the Johns Hopkins University. He has written or edited six books, including No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984) and The American Promise.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructorsp. iii
Introduction for Studentsp. viii
Reconstruction, 1863-1877p. 1
Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated Southp. 1
Report on the Condition of the South, 1865
Black Codes Enacted in the Southp. 5
Mississippi Black Code, November 1865
Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Familiesp. 9
Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870
A Black Convention in Alabamap. 14
Address of the Colored Convention to the People of Alabama, 1867
Klan Violence against Blacksp. 18
Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
Comparative Questionsp. 21
The Contested West, 1870-1900p. 22
Pun Chi Appeals to Congress in Behalf of Chinese Immigrants in Californiap. 22
A Remonstrance from the Chinese in California, ca. 1870
Swedish Immigrants on the Kansas Prairiep. 26
Ida Lindgren, Letters, 1870-1874
Texas Rangers on the Mexican Borderp. 30
N. A. Jennings, A Texas Ranger, 1875
In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat Describes White Encroachmentp. 33
Chief Joseph, Speech to a White Audience, 1879
A Plea to "Citizenize" Indiansp. 37
Richard Pratt, "Kill the Indian ... and save the man," 1892
Comparative Questionsp. 40
Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1870-1895p. 41
Jay Gould on Capital and Laborp. 41
Testimony before the U.S. Senate, 1883
William Graham Sumner on Social Obligationsp. 45
What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, 1883
Henry Demarest Lloyd Attacks Monopoliesp. 48
Wealth against Commonwealth, 1894
Andrew Carnegie Explains the Gospel of Wealthp. 52
Wealth, 1889
Henry George Explains Why Poverty Is a Crimep. 55
An Analysis of the Crime of Poverty, 1885
Comparative Questionsp. 59
The City and its Workers, 1870-1900p. 60
A Textile Worker Explains the Labor Marketp. 60
Thomas O'Donnell, Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885
Domestic Servants on Household Workp. 64
Interviews with Journalist Helen Campbell, 1880s
Jacob Riis Describes Abandoned Babies in New York City's Slumsp. 67
Waifs of New York City's Slums, 1890
Labor Contractors and Italian Immigrantsp. 71
S. Merlino, Italian Immigrants and Their Enslavement, 1893
George Washington Plunkitt Explains Politicsp. 75
William L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall, 1905
Comparative Questionsp. 78
Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890-1900p. 79
Addressing the Crisis in Rural Americap. 79
Populist Party Platform, July 4, 1892
White Supremacy in Wilmington, North Carolinap. 84
Gunner Jesse Blake, Narrative of the Wilmington "Rebellion" of 1898
Pinkertons Defeated at Homesteadp. 88
Pinkerton Guard Testimony, 1893
Conflicting Views about Labor Unionsp. 91
N. F. Thompson, Testimony before the Industrial Commission on the Relations and Conditions of Capital and Labor, 1900
Samuel Gompers, Letter to the American Federationist, 1894
Emilio Aguinaldo Criticizes American Imperialism in the Philippinesp. 97
Case against the United States, 1899
Comparative Questionsp. 101
Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, 1890-1916p. 102
Jane Addams on Settlement Housesp. 102
The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements, 1892
A Sociologist Studies Working-Class Saloons in Chicagop. 106
Royal Melendy, Ethical Substitutes for the Saloon, 1900
John D. Rockefeller Jr. Explains "The Best Thing for Us All"p. 110
Speech to Colorado Fuel and Iron Officials and Employee Representatives, October 2, 1915
Mother Jones on the Futility of Class Harmonyp. 113
Letter to Mrs. Potter Palmer, January 12, 1907
Booker T. Washington on Racial Accommodationp. 115
The Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895
W. E. B. Du Bois on Racial Equalityp. 118
Booker T. Washington and Others, 1903
Comparative Questionsp. 121
World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 1914-1920p. 123
President Woodrow Wilson Asks Congress for a Declaration of Warp. 123
Speech to Congress, April 2, 1917
Eugene V. Debs Attacks Capitalist Warmongersp. 127
Speech Delivered in Canton, Ohio, June 16, 1918
A Doughboy's Letter from the Frontp. 130
Anonymous Soldier, Letter to Elmer J. Sutters, 1918
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer Defends America from Communistsp. 133
The Case against the "Reds," 1920
An African American Responds to the Chicago Race Riotp. 138
Stanley B. Norvell, Letter to Victor F. Lawson, 1919
Comparative Questionsp. 142
From New Era to Great Depression, 1920-1932p. 144
President Calvin Coolidge on Government and Businessp. 144
Address before the New York Chamber of Commerce, November 19, 1925
Reinhold Niebuhr on Christianity in Detroitp. 148
Diary Entries, 1925-1928
The Ku Klux Klan Defends Americanismp. 151
Hiram W. Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism, 1926
Mothers Seek Freedom from Unwanted Pregnanciesp. 155
Margaret Sanger, Motherhood in Bondage, 1928
Marcus Garvey Explains the Goals of the Universal Negro Improvement Associationp. 158
The Negro's Greatest Enemy, 1923
Comparative Questionsp. 162
The New Deal Experiment, 1932-1939p. 164
Franklin D. Roosevelt Proposes an Activist Governmentp. 164
Speech to the Commonwealth Club, San Francisco, 1932
Working People's Letters to New Dealersp. 169
Letter to Frances Perkins, January 27, 1935
Letter to Frances Perkins, March 29, 1935
Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 23, 1936
Letter to Frances Perkins, July 27, 1937
Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 27, 1939
Huey Long Proposes Redistribution of Wealthp. 174
Speech to Members of the Share Our Wealth Society, 1935
A Mexican American Farmworker Describes the Importance of Sticking Togetherp. 177
Jose Flores, Interview, Farm Security Administration Migrant Labor Camp, El Rio, California, 1941
Conservatives Criticize the New Dealp. 181
Herbert Hoover, Anti-New Deal Campaign Speech, 1936
Minnie Hardin, Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, December 14, 1937
Comparative Questionsp. 185
The United States and the Second World War, 1939-1945p. 187
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Requests Declaration of War on Japanp. 187
Speech to Congress, December 8, 1941
A Japanese American War Hero Recalls Pearl Harborp. 189
Grant Hirabayashi, Oral History, 1999
The Holocaust: A Journalist Reports on Nazi Massacres of Jewsp. 192
Varian Fry, The Massacre of the Jews, December 21, 1942
Soldiers Send Messages Homep. 197
Sergeant Irving Strobing, Radio Address from Corregidor, Philippines, May 5 or 6, 1942
John Conroy, Letter, December 24, 1942
Allen Spach, Letter, February 1943
James McMahon, Letter, March 10, 1944
David Mark Olds, Letter, July 12, 1945
The War between the Sexesp. 204
Willard Waller, The Coming War on Women, 1945
Comparative Questionsp. 208
Cold War Politics in the Truman Years, 1945-1953p. 209
General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War IIp. 209
For the Common Defense, 1945
George F. Kennan Outlines Containmentp. 214
The Long Telegram, February 22, 1946
Cold War Blueprintp. 218
NSC-68: U.S. Objectives and Programs for National Security, 1950
Senator Joseph McCarthy Hunts Communistsp. 222
Speech Delivered in Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950
A South Korean Soldier Remembers the Korean Warp. 225
Hong An, Interview, 1997
Comparative Questionsp. 229
The Politics and Culture of Abundance, 1952-1960p. 230
Edith M. Stern Attacks the Domestic Bondage of Womenp. 230
Women Are Household Slaves, 1949
Vance Packard Analyzes the Age of Affluencep. 235
The Status Seekers, 1959
Rosa Parks Says "No": A Memoirp. 239
My Story, 1992
Civil Defense in the Nuclear Shadowp. 243
North Dakota Civil Defense Agency, How You Will Survive, 1960
President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complexp. 247
Farewell Address, January 1961
Comparative Questionsp. 250
Reform, Rebellion, and Reaction, 1960-1974p. 251
President Lyndon B. Johnson Describes the Great Societyp. 251
Address at the University of Michigan, May 22, 1964
New Left Students Seek Democratic Social Changep. 254
Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement, 1962
Martin Luther King Jr. Explains Nonviolent Resistancep. 259
Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963
Black Powerp. 264
Chicago Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee Leaflet, 1967
Equal Rights for Womenp. 268
National Organization for Women, Statement of Purpose, October 29, 1966
Comparative Questionsp. 272
Vietnam and the Limits of Power, 1961-1975p. 273
President Kennedy Explains Why We Are in Vietnamp. 273
Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, Letter to President John F. Kennedy, February 18, 1963
President John F. Kennedy, Letter to Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, March 6, 1963
A Secret Government Assessment of the Vietnam Warp. 276
Robert S. McNamara, Actions Recommended for Vietnam, October 14, 1966
Military Discipline in an Unpopular Warp. 281
Robert D. Heinl Jr., The Collapse of the Armed Forces, June 7, 1971
An American Soldier in Vietnamp. 285
Arthur E. Woodley Jr., Oral History of a Special Forces Ranger
A Vietcong Guerrilla Describes Tunnel Warfarep. 290
Tran Thi Gung, Interview, ca. 1998
Comparative Questionsp. 293
America Moves to the Right, 1969-1989p. 294
George Wallace Campaigns for Presidentp. 294
American Independent Party Platform, 1968
The Watergate Tapes: Nixon, Dean, and Haldeman Discuss the Cancer within the Presidencyp. 299
Transcript from Tape-Recorded Meeting, March 21, 1973
Roe v. Wade and Abortion Rightsp. 306
Supreme Court Decision, 1973
President Ronald Reagan Defends American Moralityp. 310
Address to the National Association of American Evangelicals, 1983
A Vietnamese Immigrant on the West Coastp. 315
Anonymous Man, Oral History, 1983
Comparative Questionsp. 318
The End of the Cold War and the Challenges of Globalization, Since 1989p. 319
Supreme Court Dissents from Deciding 2000 Presidential Electionp. 319
Supreme Court Dissents in George W. Bush v. Albert Gore Jr., December 12, 2000
President George W. Bush Receives CIA Warning about Al Qaeda and Addresses Congress after 9/11 Terrorist Attacksp. 324
President's Daily Brief, Bin Laden Determined to Strike in the U.S., August 6, 2001
President George W. Bush, Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People, September 20, 2001
National Security of the United States Requires Preemptive Warp. 329
The National Security Strategy of the United States, September 2002
A Captured 9/11 Terrorist Confessesp. 334
Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, Confession, 2007
A Christian Leader Argues That Evangelical Christianity Has Been Hijackedp. 337
Tony Campolo, Interview, 2004
Comparative Questionsp. 341
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