The Reading Context Developing College Reading Skills

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-07-01
  • Publisher: Pearson
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The Reading Contextprovides extensive reading skills practice at a new value price of under $25.Designed for developmental reading courses (Grades 9),The Reading Contextemphasizes reading as a three-step "prepare - read -respond" process. The book starts where developing readers need to start: with an explanation of the context created by author, work, and reader. It also stresses the importance of thinking about who the writer is, what the author's purpose is, what kind of work students are about to read, and what they can expect to gain from it.Reading selections have been chosen to hold student interest while representing the kinds of material they will meet in college assignments -textbook material from business to psychology, from advertising to history, from health to education. Chapters are filled with short prose pieces for illustration and practice, and each chapter concludes with two or three longer reading selections. In each chapter, clear explanations of each reading skill are supported by numerous exercises.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
The Reading Contextp. 1
The Reading Processp. 3
What Is Reading?p. 4
The Role of Vocabularyp. 5
Connecting and Predicting in Readingp. 5
The Reading Contextp. 8
Your Reading Profilep. 9
The Engaged Readerp. 10
Commitmentp. 10
Concentrationp. 12
Cognition (and Metacognition)p. 15
"Learning to Learn"p. 17
"The Light Stuff"p. 19
Reading Activelyp. 26
Why Have a Reading Strategy?p. 26
Prepare--Read--Respond: How the Parts Connectp. 27
Preparep. 28
Identify the Author and the Workp. 28
Establish Purpose in Readingp. 32
Preread: William Barklow, "Hippo Talk"p. 33
What Do I Already Know?p. 37
What Do I Already Know about: "Ethics and Public Speaking"?p. 38
What Will I Learn from Reading?p. 41
Readp. 42
Writep. 42
Guidelines for Annotatingp. 43
An Example of Annotating: Wood and Wood, "Long-Term Memory" and "The Three Processes in Memory: Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval"p. 43
Monitorp. 45
Guidelines for Fixing Comprehensionp. 46
Respond: Reflect and Reviewp. 48
Reflectp. 48
Reviewp. 50
"Hypnosis"p. 51
"The Nature of Scientific Inquiry"p. 56
"The Triumph of the Psycho-Fact: If We Feel It's True, Then It Is--Even If It Isn't"p. 60
Concentrating on Main Ideasp. 67
The Role of Previous Knowledgep. 68
Identifying the Topicp. 69
Understanding Main Ideasp. 72
Guidelines for Identifying Main Ideasp. 73
Identifying a Paragraph's Topic Sentencep. 75
Placement of the Topic Sentencep. 75
Paragraphs with an Implied Main Ideap. 82
Distinguishing among Supporting Detailsp. 86
Identifying Main Ideas in Longer Passagesp. 94
"Jeffersonian Idealism and Idealists"p. 96
"The New Industrial Revolution"p. 98
"Women in Charge"p. 100
"The Amish--Gemeinschaft Community in a Gesellschaft Society"p. 102
"Does Your Body-Talk Do You In?"p. 106
"The Behavior of the Baboon Has Evolved in a Social Context"p. 112
Building Word Powerp. 117
Context Cluesp. 118
Definitionsp. 119
Examplesp. 120
Comparison and Contrastp. 122
Learning from Word Parts: Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixesp. 126
Common Prefixes (Word Parts Placed at the Beginning of Words)p. 127
Common Roots (to Which Prefixes and/or Suffixes Are Added)p. 128
Suffixes (Word Parts Placed at the End of Words)p. 130
Common Suffixesp. 130
Using the Dictionaryp. 132
Glossariesp. 132
Pocket Dictionariesp. 132
Spelling-Only Dictionariesp. 132
Desk Dictionariesp. 133
The Thesaurusp. 133
Online Helpp. 134
What Each Dictionary Entry Containsp. 134
Strategies for Learning New Wordsp. 139
Guidelines for Learning New Wordsp. 139
Using Vocabulary Cardsp. 140
Using New Wordsp. 141
Some Important Words from Various Disciplinesp. 142
"Opposing Principles Help Balance Society"p. 142
"What Is Prejudice?"p. 146
"Belly Up to the Bar: This Round's on Me"p. 152
Recognizing a Writer's Structures and Strategiesp. 158
Listingp. 159
Signal Words for Listingp. 160
Examplesp. 163
Signal Words for Examplesp. 163
Definitionp. 165
Signal Words for Definitionsp. 166
Ordering: Chronology and Processp. 168
Signal Words for Orderingp. 169
Comparison and Contrastp. 172
Signal Words for Comparison and Contrastp. 173
Cause and Effectp. 176
Signal Words for Cause and Effectp. 177
Problem/Solutionp. 180
Signal Words for Problem/Solution Structuresp. 180
Mixed Patternsp. 186
"Differences Between Public Speaking and Conversation"p. 188
"The Effects of the Automobile"p. 193
"A Hard Look at How We Treat Children"p. 199
Writing Strategies to Reinforce Readingp. 204
Why Write?p. 205
Highlighting/Underliningp. 205
Guidelines for Highlighting/Underliningp. 207
Annotatingp. 207
Guidelines for Annotatingp. 208
Outliningp. 209
Guidelines for Outliningp. 211
Mappingp. 215
Guidelines for Mappingp. 217
Note Takingp. 218
Paraphrasingp. 218
Guidelines for Paraphrasingp. 220
Note Taking: The Cornell Methodp. 221
Guidelines for the Cornell Methodp. 221
Summaryp. 223
"A New World Order?"p. 224
Guidelines for Summaryp. 225
"The Witchcraft Craze"p. 226
"The Internet and the World Wide Web"p. 229
"Computer IQ"p. 233
"Saved by Immigrants"p. 238
Reading for College Classesp. 243
Scanningp. 243
Guidelines for Scanningp. 244
"Global Insights"p. 248
"What Are the Principal Greenhouse Gases, and What Are They Doing in the Air?"p. 249
Skimmingp. 250
Guidelines for Skimmingp. 252
"The Fit Player"p. 253
"Sexually Transmitted Disease: A Growing Concern"p. 255
Reading Graphicsp. 257
How to Read Graphicsp. 257
Guidelines for Reading Graphicsp. 257
Pictures and Photographsp. 259
Diagramsp. 261
Mapsp. 261
Tablesp. 264
Graphs and Chartsp. 264
Flowchartsp. 268
Applying Reading Skills to a Textbook Chapterp. 268
"Preface," Essentials of Physical Geography; Chapter 9. "The Biosphere"p. 270
"The Tropical Rainforest"p. 275
"Rainforest Removal"p. 276
"How Large Were the Biggest Dinosaurs?"p. 282
"Crafty Brewers with a Marketing Angle"p. 286
Studying for College Classesp. 290
Preparing for Classp. 290
Participating in Classp. 291
"Biological Theories on Aging"p. 293
Strategies for Retentionp. 294
Preparing for Testingp. 296
Preparing for Short-Answer Forms of Testingp. 296
Guidelines for Short-Answer Testingp. 296
"Homo Sapiens"p. 297
Essay Testsp. 302
"The Reformation in England"p. 304
"The Basis of Moral Judgment"p. 308
"The Impact of Religion on the Landscape"p. 314
"The Unheeding Addict"p. 319
Reading Expressive Writingp. 325
Characteristics of Expressive Writingp. 326
Connotationp. 327
Sentence Stylep. 329
Figurative Languagep. 330
Reading Descriptive Essaysp. 333
Reading Narrative Essaysp. 337
Reading Fictionp. 341
Narrative Structurep. 342
Characterp. 342
Point of Viewp. 343
Style and Tonep. 344
"The Story of an Hour"p. 344
Reading Poetryp. 348
"To Daffodils"p. 349
"Dream Deferred"p. 351
"Taxi"p. 352
"Is My Team Ploughing"p. 353
"Mrs. Zajac"p. 355
"The Secret Life of Walter Mitty"p. 361
"The Chase"p. 368
Reading--and Thinking--Criticallyp. 374
Characteristics of the Critical Readerp. 376
Understanding Factsp. 376
Understanding Opinionp. 378
"Just" an Opinionp. 380
Personal Preferencesp. 380
Judgmentsp. 380
Inferencesp. 381
Guidelines for Evaluating Inferencesp. 382
Guidelines for Evaluating Judgmentsp. 383
Recognizing Your Biasesp. 387
The Writer's Stancep. 388
Attitudep. 389
Tonep. 392
Hyperbole, Understatement, and Ironyp. 394
"Unplugged"p. 396
Evaluating Arguments and Taking a Standp. 400
Recognizing Logical Fallaciesp. 400
Taking a Standp. 403
from "The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense"p. 404
from "Capital Punishment"p. 405
"Why Women Are Paid Less Than Men"p. 407
"Apologize for Columbus?"p. 412
"Lemon Bowl"p. 417
Living and Working in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 423
"Environmental Health" (Chapter 23 from Access to Health)p. 424
"The Noisy Death of Silence"p. 436
"Visions of the On-Line University--In 3-D"p. 441
"The Emerging Knowledge Society"p. 446
"Will Our Future Be Workable?"p. 452
"Where Is Home?"p. 456
"A Weapon in the War on Drugs: Dining In"p. 460
"El Futuro: The New California"p. 465
"Facing Science Fact--Not Fiction"p. 470
Glossaryp. 475
Indexp. 483
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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