Reading and Writing in the Academic Community

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-07-09
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Reading and Writing in the Academic Communityis a comprehensive rhetoric with engaging, timely readings. The authors wrote their book to include more coverage of the writing process to better meet the needs of students than other books in this market. The text presents the major types of academic writing students encounter as undergraduates while giving full consideration to the writing process and the basics of rhetoric. This text makes few assumptions about students'prior academic experience and provides explicit, step-by-step instruction in paraphrasing, summarizing, quoting, writing essays in response to readings, composing synthesis essays, and using sources to compose comparison-and-contrast essays, argument essays, analysis essays, evaluation essays, and research papers.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
The Composing Processp. 1
Writing as Processp. 2
Resistance to Process Writingp. 3
Prewritingp. 5
Analyze the Assignmentp. 6
Establish a Focusp. 8
Read and Respond to Sourcesp. 9
Draftingp. 10
Develop a Thesisp. 10
Select an Organizational Planp. 15
Write a First Draftp. 17
Revisingp. 27
First Draftp. 29
Revised Draftp. 31
Revise the Title and Openingp. 33
Revise the Body Paragraphsp. 33
Revise the Conclusionp. 34
Add Attributionp. 34
Improve Focus and Developmentp. 34
Improve Cohesionp. 34
Move from Writer-Based to Reader-Based Prosep. 36
Revise Sentences for Clarity and Stylep. 38
Proofreadingp. 39
Spellingp. 41
A Word About Auto Correctp. 41
Submitting the Final Draftp. 41
A Summary of the Writing Processp. 42
Reading Sources and Incorporating Them into Your Writingp. 49
Reading Sourcesp. 50
Reading Academic Textsp. 50
A Comprehensive Strategy for the Reading Processp. 52
Reading for Contentp. 52
Reading for Genre, Organization, and Stylistic Featuresp. 59
Reading for Rhetorical Contextp. 67
Reading and Interpretationp. 72
Tackling Difficult Course Readingsp. 74
Paraphasing, Quoting, and Acknowledging Sourcesp. 79
Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quotingp. 79
Setting Rhetorical Goalsp. 79
Considering Your Audiencep. 82
Identifying Your Sourcesp. 84
Avoiding Plagiarismp. 89
The Paraphrasing Processp. 90
Strategies for Paraphrasingp. 91
Direct Quotingp. 98
Reasons for Direct Quotingp. 98
Altering Quotationsp. 100
Documenting Quotationsp. 102
Weaving Quotations into Your Essayp. 104
Incorporating Quotations and Paraphrases into Essaysp. 107
Summarizing Sourcesp. 111
The Summarizing Processp. 111
Creating a Graphic Overviewp. 112
Compressing Informationp. 116
Creating a Sentence Outlinep. 120
Documenting Summariesp. 122
Incorporating Summaries into Your Essaysp. 123
The Summary Essayp. 125
Responding to, Analyzing, and Evaluating Sourcesp. 139
Responding to Sourcesp. 140
Response Essays: An Introductionp. 140
Writing Response Essaysp. 146
Prewritingp. 146
Draftingp. 157
Revisingp. 158
Expanding Your Rhetorical Goalp. 159
Analyzing and Evaluating Sourcesp. 169
Analysis and Evaluation as Opposed to Responsep. 169
Rhetorical Analysisp. 171
Writing a Rhetorical Analysis Essayp. 174
Prewritingp. 174
Draftingp. 180
Revisingp. 180
Editingp. 181
Evaluationp. 182
Writing an Evaluation Essayp. 191
Prewritingp. 191
Draftingp. 195
Revisingp. 195
Editingp. 196
Analysis and Evaluation of Imagesp. 196
In-Depth Analysis and Evaluationp. 205
Writing an In-Depth Analysis and Evaluationp. 220
Prewritingp. 220
Draftingp. 223
Revisingp. 223
Editingp. 224
Synthesizing Sourcesp. 227
Writing Multiple-Source Essaysp. 228
Comparing and Contrasting Sourcesp. 228
Uses of Comparison and Contrastp. 229
Rhetorical Purpose for Comparison-and-Contrast Essaysp. 230
Writing an Essay that Compares and Contrasts Sourcesp. 236
Prewritingp. 237
Draftingp. 242
Revisingp. 245
Editingp. 245
Summary of Multiple Sourcesp. 248
Objective Synthesisp. 252
Essay Written in Response to Multiple Sourcesp. 258
Writing a Synthesis for a Specific Purposep. 264
Arguing from Sourcesp. 277
The Argument Essayp. 280
Find an Issue and Stake Out Your Positionp. 291
Formulate a Major Claimp. 292
Develop Your Thesisp. 293
Support Your Thesisp. 294
Marshal Solid Evidence and Make a Strong Casep. 295
Consider Your Audience and Identify Your Readers' Needsp. 304
Organize and Arrange the Argument Essayp. 305
Writing an Argument Essayp. 313
Prewritingp. 313
Draftingp. 316
Revisingp. 317
Editingp. 318
Researching Sources and Writing Research Papersp. 319
Assignments That Require Researchp. 319
Research and the Writing Processp. 320
Prewritingp. 321
Set a Research Schedulep. 321
Select a Topicp. 323
Develop a Research Strategyp. 325
Conduct Research in Your College Libraryp. 327
Use Electronic Catalogs and Periodical Databasesp. 335
Locate Information on the World Wide Webp. 344
Collect Information Through Surveys and Interviewsp. 352
Evaluate Information Sourcesp. 353
Excerpt Relevant Information from Sourcesp. 354
Draftingp. 356
Synthesize Sourcesp. 356
Argue, Analyze, and Evaluatep. 356
Draft a Thesisp. 356
Derive a Planp. 357
Create an Outlinep. 358
Write from Your Outlinep. 362
Revisingp. 362
Revise Based on Readers' Commentsp. 362
Editingp. 363
Reading Selectionsp. 377
Grades and Learningp. 378
"Zen and the Art of Grade Motivation"p. 379
"A Young Person's Guide to the Grading System"p. 385
"Grades and Money"p. 389
"Childhood Pay for Grades is Related to College Grade Point Averages"p. 393
Cyberhoodp. 396
"Modern Romance"p. 397
"Cyberspace and Identity"p. 400
"Is There a There in Cyberspace?"p. 408
Adolescent Pregnancyp. 416
"Gloucester Girls Gone Wild"p. 417
"Suddenly Teen Pregnancy Is Cool?"p. 420
"Give the Girls a Break"p. 427
"Adolescent Girls' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy: The Importance of Asking What the Boyfriend Wants"p. 430
Creativity and Ownershipp. 441
"Why Crush Them?"p. 442
"Control of Creativity?"p. 444
"A Great Idea Lives Forever. Shouldn't Its Copyright?"p. 448
"I, Me, Mine"p. 451
Race and American Societyp. 457
"Race, Higher Education, and American Society"p. 458
"A More Perfect Union"p. 471
Documenting Sourcesp. 480
Editing for Correctnessp. 485
Revising for Stylep. 505
Creditsp. 517
Indexp. 521
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