Reformation Thought : An Introduction

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-03-19
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Reformation Thought, 4th edition offers an ideal introduction to the central ideas of the European reformations for students of theology and history. Written by the bestselling author and renowned theologian, Alister McGrath, this engaging guide is accessible to students with no prior knowledge of Christian theology. This new edition of a classic text has been updated throughout with the very latest scholarship Includes greater coverage of the Catholic reformation, the counter-reformation, and the impact of women on the reformation Explores the core ideas and issues of the reformation in terms that can be easily understood by those new to the field Student-friendly features include images, updated bibliographies, a glossary, and a chronology of political and historical ideas This latest edition retains all the features which made the previous editions so popular with readers, while McGrath's revisions have ensured it remains the essential student guide to the subject.

Author Biography

Alister E. McGrath is the Head of the Centre for Theology, Religion Culture at King's College London, having previously been Professor of Historical Theology at Oxford involved in theological education. McGrath's is also the author of some of the world's most widely used theological textbooks, including the bestselling Christian Theology: An Introduction (2010, Wiley-Blackwell), now in its fifth edition. He is in constant demand as a speaker at conferences throughout the world.

Table of Contents

The Reformation: An Introductionp. 1
The Cry for Reformp. 2
The Concept of "Reformation"p. 5
The Lutheran Reformationp. 6
The Reformed Churchp. 7
The Radical Reformation (Anabaptism)p. 9
The Catholic Reformatinp. 11
The Importance of Printingp. 12
The Use of the Vernacular in Theological Debatesp. 15
The Social Context of the Reformationp. 16
The Religious Concerns of the Reformers: A Brief Overviewp. 20
Christianity in the Late Middle Agesp. 23
The Growth of Popular Religionp. 23
The Rise in Anti-Clericalismp. 24
The Rise of Doctrinal Pluralismp. 27
A Crisis of Authority within the Churchp. 30
An English Case Study: Lollardyp. 32
Humanism and the Reformationp. 35
The Concept of "Renaissance"p. 36
The Concept of "Humanism"p. 37
Classical Scholarship and Philologyp. 38
The New Philosophy of the Humanismp. 38
Kristeller's View of Humanismp. 39
Ad Fontes - Back to the Fountainheadp. 40
Northern European Humanismp. 41
The Northern European Reception of the Italian Renaissancep. 41
The Ideals of Northern European Humanismp. 43
Eastern Swiss Humanismp. 43
French Legal Humanismp. 44
Erasmus of Rotterdamp. 46
The Critique of the Vulgate Textp. 48
Editions of Patristic Writersp. 50
Humanism and the Reformation - An Evaluationp. 51
Humanism and the Swiss Reformationp. 52
Humanism and the Wittenberg Reformationp. 53
Tensions between the Reformation and Humanismp. 55
Scholasticism and the Reformationp. 59
"Scholasticism" Definedp. 60
Scholasticism and the Universitiesp. 62
Types of Scholasticismp. 63
Realism versus Nominalismp. 63
"Pelagianism" and "Augustinianism"p. 65
The Via Modernap. 67
The Schola Augustiniana Modernap. 69
The Impact of Medieval Scholasticism upon the Reformationp. 70
Luther's Relation to Late Medieval Scholasticismp. 71
Calvin's Relation to Late Medieval Scholasticismp. 72
The Reformers: A Biographical Introductionp. 75
Martin Luther (1483-1546)p. 76
Huldrych Zwingli (1484-1531)p. 81
Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560)p. 83
Martin Bucer (1491-1551)p. 84
John Calvin (1509-64)p. 85
The Return to the Biblep. 91
Scripture in the Middle Agesp. 92
The Concept of "Tradition"p. 92
The Vulgate Translation of the Biblep. 94
The Medieval Vernacular Versions of Scripturep. 94
The Humanists and the Biblep. 95
The Bible and the Protestant Reformationp. 97
The Canon of Scripturep. 97
The Authority of Scripturep. 98
The Role of Traditionp. 100
Methods of Interpreting Scripturep. 102
The Right to Interpret Scripturep. 106
The Translation of Scripturep. 110
The Catholic Response: Trent on Scripture and Traditionp. 112
The Doctrine of Justification by Faithp. 115
A Foundational Theme: Redemption through Christp. 115
Justification and Martin Luther's Theological Breakthroughp. 117
Luther's Early Views on Justificationp. 118
Luther's Discovery of the "Righteousness of God"p. 119
The Nature of Justifying Faithp. 121
Consequences of Luther's Doctrine of Justificationp. 122
The Concept of "Forensic Justification"p. 125
Divergences among the Swiss Reformationp. 128
Justification and the Swiss Reformationp. 128
Later Developments: Bucer and Calvin on Justificationp. 130
Theological Diplomacy: "Double Justification"p. 132
The Catholic Response: Trent on Justificationp. 133
The Nature of Justificationp. 134
The Nature of Justifying Righteousnessp. 135
The Nature of Justifying Faithp. 136
The Assurance of Salvationp. 137
The Doctrine of the Churchp. 141
The Background to the Reformation Debates: The Donatist Controversyp. 143
The Context of the Reformation Views on the Churchp. 146
Luther on the Nature of the Churchp. 147
The Radical View of the Churchp. 149
Tensions within Luther's Doctrine of the Churchp. 151
Calvin on the Nature of the Churchp. 152
The Two Marks of the Churchp. 153
The Structures of the Churchp. 154
Calvin on the Church and Consistoryp. 155
Calvin on the Role of the Churchp. 157
The Debate over the Catholicity of the Churchp. 158
The Council of Trent on the Churchp. 161
The Doctrine of the Sacramentsp. 163
The Background to the Sacramental Debatesp. 163
The Sacraments and the Promises of Gracep. 165
Luther on the Sacramentsp. 168
Luther on the Real Presencep. 171
Luther on Infant Baptismp. 172
Zwingli on the Sacramentsp. 174
Zwingli on the Real Presencep. 176
Zwingli on Infant Baptismp. 179
Luther versus Zwingli: A Summary and Evaluationp. 181
Anabaptist Views on the Sacramentsp. 183
Calvin on the Sacramentsp. 185
The Catholic Response: Trent on the Sacramentsp. 187
The Doctrine of Predestinationp. 191
The Background to the Reformation Debates over Predestinationp. 191
Zwingli on the Divine Sovereigntyp. 193
Melanchthon's Changing Views on Predestinationp. 195
Calvin on Predestinationp. 197
Predestination in Later Reformed Theologyp. 202
The Political Thought of the Reformationp. 207
The Radical Reformation and Secular Authorityp. 207
Luther's Doctrine of the Two Kingdomsp. 210
Zwingli on the State and Magistratep. 216
Bucer on Magistrate and Ministryp. 218
Calvin on Magistrate and Ministryp. 219
The Religious Ideas of the English Reformationp. 223
The Social Role of Religious Ideas: Germany and Englandp. 223
English Humanismp. 226
The Origins of the English Reformation: Henry VIIIp. 227
The Consolidation of the English Reformation: Edward VI to Elizabeth Ip. 230
Justification by Faith in the English Reformationp. 233
The Real Presence in the English Reformationp. 236
The Diffusion of the Thought of the Reformationp. 241
The Physical Agencies of Diffusionp. 241
The Vernacularp. 241
Booksp. 242
The Interchange of Peoplep. 243
The Diffusion of Ideas: The Key Textsp. 244
The Catechismsp. 244
Confessions of Faithp. 246
Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religionp. 247
The Impact of Reformation Thought upon Historyp. 253
An Affirmative Attitude Toward the Worldp. 254
The Protestant Work Ethicp. 256
Reformation Thought and the Origins of Capitalismp. 258
Reformation Thought and Political Changep. 261
Reformation Thought and the Emergence of the Natural Sciencesp. 263
Reformation Ecclesiologies and the Modern Worldp. 266
Conclusionp. 267
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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