Religion and Global Politics

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-05-04
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Specifically designed for third- and fourth-year students, Religion and Global Politics examines the relationship between religion and world order. Part I consists of carefully selected case studies that introduce students to the empirical and theoretical questions underpinning religion andpolitics in the United States, Europe, India, East Asia, and Latin America at both the domestic and the international level. Offering a balanced and objective perspective, Part I examines a variety of faith perspectives including Christianity, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Judaism, and Islam. Part IIuses essential concepts to explore the role that religion plays in the construction of global order and the way religious groups affect the political process in contemporary societies with respect to issues of human rights, war and peace, conflict resolution, and globalization. Context is providedfor students in the form of an introduction (Chapter 1) that lays out the history of religion in global politics, as well as the theories that unite and divide political scientists. In addition, a clear conclusion encourages students to apply what they have learned by discussing the future ofreligion in global politics. The only text of its kind, Religion and Global Politics suggests the potency and enduring nature of religion in global politics and asks students to consider religion as a serious motivator of political desire. The text includes effective pedagogical tools, such as bolded key terms, chapter-review questions, boxed inserts, chapter conclusions, additional sources, web resources, and a glossary to assist students in engaging with and retaining material.

Author Biography

Paul S. Rowe is associate professor of political and international studies and senior research fellow in the Religion, Culture, and Conflict Research Group at Trinity Western University in Langley, BC.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
Introduction and Theoretical Overviewp. 1
A New Beginning?p. 2
Religion in the Premodern International Systemp. 3
The Post-Westphalian System and the Secularization of Global Politicsp. 10
Modernization and Secularizationp. 12
Critiques of Secularizationp. 14
Perspectives on the Politics of Ethnicity and Religionp. 16
Taking Culture Seriouslyp. 18
Responses to Globalizationp. 19
9/11 and Afterp. 20
Understanding Religion: Definitions and Directionsp. 21
Religion and Global Politics: A Surveyp. 23
Religion and the Domestic Bases of State and Foreign Policy
The Roman Catholic Churchp. 28
A Brief History of Christianity and the Roman Catholic Churchp. 30
The Modernizing Church: Changes under Vatican IIp. 35
The Church and the Vatican Todayp. 39
Liberation Theologyp. 40
A Diversity of Political Movementsp. 44
Change, Continuity, and New Challengesp. 45
The Church under Benedict XVIp. 47
Conclusionp. 48
Christianity and US Politicsp. 52
The 'City upon a Hill': Competing Themes in US Politicsp. 53
Religion in American Public Life: A Historic Perspectivep. 55
The Twentieth Century and 'Social Christianity'p. 56
Christianity and the US 'Mission' in the World: The Cold Warp. 58
Streams of Christian Activismp. 60
The Rise of the 'Religious Right'p. 64
Onward Christian Soldiers?p. 67
Seeds of a Middle Wayp. 68
Other Religions and US Politicsp. 72
Conclusionp. 73
Judaism, Zionism, and Israeli Politicsp. 77
A Brief History of Zionismp. 79
Dimensions of Zionism to 1948p. 84
Political and Ethnic Divisions in the State of Israelp. 85
'Greater Israel'p. 87
The Settler Movement and the Rise of Israeli Revisionismp. 89
The Rise of Shasp. 95
Religious Parties and Coalition Politicsp. 96
The Wider Coalition: Christian Zionismp. 98
Conclusionp. 99
Political Islam and the Statep. 102
Introduction to Islamp. 103
The Fusion of Islam and Politics: A Contentious Debatep. 106
The Medieval and Colonial Agesp. 107
The Birth of Modern Islamic Activismp. 109
Revolutions and Revivalism: Islamism to the 1980sp. 113
The Crucible of Radicalization: Afghanistan, bin Laden, and Militant Jihadp. 118
Islamism Today: Democrats and Demagoguesp. 120
The Sunni-Shi'i Dividep. 125
Conclusionp. 127
Religion and Politics in Indiap. 130
What is Hinduism?p. 132
Hinduism, Islam, and Indian Independencep. 135
The Rise of Hindu Nationalismp. 139
Sikh and Hindu Nationalist Movements in the 1980sp. 141
The Ayodhya Incident and the Rise of the BJPp. 144
Hindutva, Foreign Policy, and the Issue of Kashmirp. 147
Flashpoints and Pressures: The Continuing Problem of Interreligious Relationsp. 150
Conclusionsp. 151
Buddhism and Politicsp. 154
Buddhism's Rise and Eclipse in Indiap. 155
The Basic Tenets and Vehicles of Buddhismp. 158
Sri Lanka: Buddhism Betrayed?p. 161
Buddhism in East and Southeast Asia: Protest and Peacep. 163
Tibetan Nationalism: Unattainable Nirvana?p. 167
Conclusionsp. 171
Religion and Global Order
Religion, Democracy, and Human Rightsp. 176
Religion and the Expansion of Liberal Democracyp. 178
Human Rights and Constraints on Religious Freedomp. 181
Religions, Human Rights, and Democracyp. 182
Religion in International Human Rightsp. 186
Religion and Human Rights in Practicep. 190
Religious Freedom and the Politics of Human Rightsp. 194
Conclusionsp. 195
Religion and Warp. 199
'Religious' Wars of the Pastp. 201
Religion and War in the Modem Worldp. 203
The Just War Traditionp. 208
The Tradition of War in Islamp. 211
Himsa and Ahimsa Traditions in Hinduism and Buddhismp. 213
Religion and Terrorismp. 215
Conclusionsp. 218
Religion and Conflict Resolutionp. 221
Religious Resources for Conflict Resolutionp. 222
Religious Activism in Support of Conflict Resolutionp. 227
Religion as Interested Observerp. 230
Religion as Peacemakerp. 231
Religion as Protagonistp. 234
Religion as Peacep. 236
Conclusionsp. 239
Transnational Religion, Globalization, and Developmentp. 243
Religion and Globalizationp. 245
The Influence of Transnational Organization: Global Religious Networksp. 247
Religion, the Media, and the Global Political Spherep. 250
Migration, Religion, and Integrationp. 253
Religion and Developmentp. 254
A Divided World? Notions of Division Rooted in Religion and Civilizationp. 258
Conclusionsp. 259
Conclusion: Religion in a 'Secular' Age?p. 263
The Rise and Decline of the Secular Statep. 264
A Secular Age?p. 266
Hostility or Hospitality?p. 268
Glossaryp. 271
Indexp. 277
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