Religion and Politics in America : Faith, Culture, and Strategic Choices

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-05
  • Publisher: Westview Pr
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Religion and politics are never far from the headlines, but their relationship remains complex and often confusing.Religion and Politics in Americaoffers a lively, accessible, and balanced treatment of religion in American politics. The authors explore the historical, cultural, and legal contexts that underlie religious political engagement while also highlighting the pragmatic and strategic political realities that religious organizations and people face today. Incorporating up-to-date scholarship and analysis of voting behavior through the 2008 elections, the fourth edition assesses the politics of conventional and not-so-conventional American religious movements. Features include contemporary case studies, useful focus-study boxes, and timely discussions of Islam, Latinos, international affairs, and political culture. Contents Introduction 1. Religion and Political Culture in America: The Historical Legacy 2. Christianity and Its Major Branches 3. Judaism, Islam, and Other Expressions of Religious Pluralism 4. Voting and Religion in American Politics 5. The Politics of Organized Religious Groups 6. Religion and Political Elites 7. Religion, Civil Society, and Political Culture 8. Religious Politics and the Legal System 9. Church and State in the Courts 10. Latino and African American Religion and Politics 11. Gender, Religion, and Politics 12. Theories of Religion, Culture, and American Politics Appendix: Selected Web Sites on Religion and Politic

Author Biography

Robert Booth Fowler is professor emeritus of political science at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. An award-winning teacher, he is the author of numerous books, including Enduring Liberalism: American Political Thought since the 1960s, The Dance with Community, and Wisconsin Votes.

Allen D. Hertzke is Presidential Professor of Political Science at the University of Oklahoma. He is the author of several books on religion and politics, most recently Freeing God’s Children: The Unlikely Alliance for Global Human Rights.

Laura R. Olson is professor of political science at Clemson University in Clemson, South Carolina. She is author, coauthor, or coeditor of nine books, including Religious Interests in Community Conflict and Christian Clergy in American Politics.

Kevin R. den Dulk is associate professor of political science and Honors Faculty Fellow at Grand Valley State University in Allendale, Michigan. He is the coauthor of Pews, Prayers, and Participation and The God Gap?: Religion in the 2008 Election.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Religion and Political Culture in America: The Historical Legacyp. 1
The Puritan Temperp. 1
Religious Freedom and Pluralismp. 4
The Evangelical Dimensionp. 10
The Populist Dimensionp. 16
Conclusionp. 19
Further Readingp. 19
Notesp. 20
Christianity and its Major Branchesp. 25
The Status of Religion in the United Statesp. 25
The Major Christian Traditions and Politicsp. 31
Conclusionp. 44
Further Readingp. 45
Notesp. 46
Judaism, Islam, and Other Expressions of Religious Pluralismp. 53
Major Non-Christian Religionsp. 54
Separatist Religionsp. 61
Other Small Religionsp. 64
A Comparative Case Study: Mormons and Jehovah's Witnessesp. 66
Political Assessmentsp. 69
Further Readingp. 71
Notesp. 72
Voting and Religion in American Politicsp. 77
A Historical Reviewp. 77
The Postindustrial Erap. 81
Conclusionp. 111
Further Readingp. 112
Notesp. 112
The Politics of Organized Religious Groupsp. 119
The Evolution of National Religious Lobbiesp. 120
Strategies for Effective Advocacyp. 122
The Legislative Process, Compromise, and Coalition Buildingp. 127
A Model of Religious Group Effectivenessp. 129
Progressive Protestant Groupsp. 133
Roman Catholic Groupsp. 135
Jewish Groupsp. 138
Evangelical Protestant Groupsp. 141
Muslim Groupsp. 144
The Politics of Religious Minoritiesp. 146
The Globalization of Religious Advocacyp. 147
Religious Advocacy at the Statehousep. 153
Local-Level Advocacyp. 155
Do Religious Groups Play a Distinctive Role in American Democracy?p. 157
Conclusionp. 158
Further Readingp. 159
Notesp. 160
Religion and Political and Cultural Elitesp. 169
Religion and the Presidencyp. 170
Religion and Congressp. 178
Religion and Other Political Elitesp. 187
Religion and Cultural Elitesp. 189
Conclusionp. 192
Further Readingp. 193
Notesp. 194
Religion, Civil Society, and Political Culturep. 201
The Tension Between Religion and Political Culturep. 202
Political Culture as a Context for Religious Participationp. 206
Religion, Civil Society, and Good Citizenshipp. 208
Conclusionp. 215
Further Readingp. 216
Notesp. 217
Religious Politics and the Legal Systemp. 223
Judicial Politicsp. 224
Key Playersp. 277
Factors for Successp. 231
The Politics of Church and Statep. 234
Conclusionp. 240
Further Readingp. 241
Notesp. 241
Church and State in the Courtsp. 245
Religious Free Exercisep. 246
The Limits of Free Exercisep. 250
The Politics of Religious Establishmentp. 255
Equal Access: An Alternative Approach to Church and Statep. 263
Conclusionp. 265
Further Readingp. 267
Notesp. 267
Latino and African American Religion and Politicsp. 269
The Changing Status of Latino Religionp. 270
Latinos in Public Lifep. 273
African American Religion and Politics: Toward a Broader Viewp. 276
History and Black Political Attitudesp. 279
Connections Between Religion and Politicsp. 282
Islam in the African American Communityp. 284
Conclusionp. 288
Further Readingp. 289
Notesp. 290
Gender, Religion, and Politicsp. 295
Gender and Religion in American Lifep. 295
Religious Women's Diverging Perspectives on American Politicsp. 297
The Politics of Women in the Pewsp. 306
The Politics of Women Clergyp. 308
Conclusionp. 310
Further Readingp. 311
Notesp. 312
Theories of Religion, Culture, and American Politicsp. 319
Culture Warsp. 319
The Secularization Thesisp. 323
The Culture Shift Thesisp. 326
Civil Religionp. 328
The Unconventional Partners Thesisp. 330
Populismp. 334
The Market Thesis, Religious Pluralism, and Politicsp. 336
Toward the Futurep. 337
Further Readingp. 338
Notesp. 338
Appendix: Internet Resourcesp. 343
Indexp. 347
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