Relocating Modern Science Circulation and the Construction of Knowledge in South Asia and Europe, 1650-1900

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-03-15
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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A challenge to the belief that modern science was created uniquely in the West and subsequently diffused elsewhere. Through a detailed analysis of knowledge construction in botany, cartography, terrestrial surveying, linguistics, education and colonial administration, Raj demonstrates the crucial role of intercultural encounter and circulation.

Author Biography

KAPIL RAJ teaches at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris and is a member of the Centre Alexandre Koyré for the History of Science. He has published extensively on knowledge construction through processes of intercultural encounter and is currently working on a book on the urban and intellectual dynamics of Calcutta in the 18th century.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Surgeons, Fakirs, Merchants, and Craftsmen: Making L'Empereur's Jardin in Early Modern South Asiap. 27
From a Forgotten Codex in a Paris Archive…p. 31
…to Eastern India in the Seventeenth Centuryp. 34
The Origins of the Jardin de Lorixap. 35
Making the Jardin de Lorixap. 40
The Jardin de Lorixa and the Hortus Malabaricusp. 44
L'EmpereurĘs Jardin Comes to Paris…p. 52
…And Gets Anonymized in the Jardin du Roip. 54
Circulation and the Emergence of Modern Mapping: Great Britain and Early Colonial India, 1764–1820p. 60
Early Modern British and Indian Geographical Practicesp. 65
The Emergence of Large-scale Surveying in India and Britainp. 73
The Emergence of the Map as an 'Objective' Geographical Representationp. 82
Refashioning Civilities, Engineering Trust: William Jones, Indian Intermediaries, and the Production of Reliable Legal Knowledge in Late-Eighteenth-Century Bengalp. 95
A Day in the Life of a Calcutta Judgep. 95
Trust and Civility in Knowledge Productionp. 102
Science and the East India Companyp. 107
The Making of an Orientalistp. 114
Jones in Indiap. 119
The Jonesian Legacy Revisitedp. 134
British Orientalism in the Early Nineteenth Century, or Globalism versus Universalismp. 139
Britain and the French Revolutionp. 140
India, Britain, and France at the Turn of the Nineteenth Centuryp. 143
A College to Counter the Frenchp. 146
The College in the Context of British Institutionsp. 153
Defusing Diffusionism: The Institutionalization of Modern Science Education in Early-Nineteenth-Century Bengalp. 159
A College for the Instruction of Modern Sciencep. 159
Modern Science and the Self-fashioning of the Bhadralokp. 165
Learning among the British in the Early Nineteenth Centuryp. 169
Indigenous Representations of Science: Two Examplesp. 173
When Human Travellers become Instruments: The Indo-British Exploration of Central Asia in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 181
Kashmir, 1863p. 181
Eastern Turkistan, 1865–4p. 187
Tibet, 1864–6p. 192
High Asia, 1868–82p. 198
Tibet, 1904p. 202
Instruments, Travel, and Sciencep. 202
Conclusion: Relocationsp. 223
Bibliographyp. 235
Indexp. 265
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