9780140449143

The Republic

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780140449143

  • ISBN10:

    0140449140

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-03-01
  • Publisher: Penguin Classics

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Summary

Plato's Republic is widely acknowledged as the cornerstone of Western philosophy. Presented in the form of a dialogue between Socrates and three different interlocutors, it is an inquiry into the notion of a perfect community and the ideal individual within it. During the conversation other questions are raised: what is goodness; what is reality; what is knowledge? the Republic also addresses the purpose of education and the roles of both women and men as 'guardians' of the people. With remarkable lucidity and deft use of allegory, Plato arrives at a depiction of a state bound by harmony and ruled by 'philosopher kings'.Desmond Lee's translation of The Republic has come to be regarded as a classic in its own right. His introduction discusses contextual themes such as Plato's disillusionment with Athenian politics and the trail of Socrates. This new edition also features a revised bibliography.

Author Biography

Plato (c. 427-347 b.c.) founded the Academy in Athens, the prototype of all Western universities, and wrote more than twenty philosophical dialogues.

Desmond Lee (1908-1993) taught for many years at Cambridge University and also translated Plato's Timaeus and Critias for Penguin Classics.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xi
Translator's Introduction xiii
Further Reading lix
Note on the Translation lxxi
PART I: INTRODUCTION (327)
Prelude
3(5)
The Conventional View of Justice Developed
8(45)
Thrasymachus and the Rejection of Conventional Morality
First Statement and Criticisms
15(9)
Second Statement and Final Refutation
24(16)
Adeimantus and Glaucon Restate the Case for Injustice
Glaucon
40(6)
Adeimantus
46(7)
PART II: PRELIMINARIES (367)
First Principles of Social Organization
53(7)
Civilized Society
60(3)
Qualities Required in the Guardians
63(37)
PART III: EDUCATION: THE FIRST STAGE (376)
Secondary or Literary Education. The Need for Suitable Literature
Current Literature Unsuitable
Theologically
67(9)
Morally
76(9)
Requirements
Formal
85(8)
Musical
93(3)
Summary
96(4)
Physical Education
100(12)
PART IV: GUARDIANS AND AUXILIARIES (412)
The Three Classes and Their Mutual Relations
112(5)
The Rulers' and Auxiliaries' Way of Life
117(4)
Final Provisions for Unity
121(9)
PART V: JUSTICE IN STATE AND INDIVIDUAL (427)
Justice in the State
130(9)
The Elements in Mental Conflict
139(10)
Justice in the Individual
149(5)
Conclusion
154(3)
PART VI: WOMEN AND THE FAMILY (499)
The Status of Women
157(10)
Marriage and the Family
167(15)
The Rules of War
182(7)
PART VII: THE PHILOSOPHER RULER (471)
The Ideal and the Actual
189(3)
Definition of the Philosopher
192(16)
The Philosopher and the Two Orders of Reality
195(9)
The Qualities of Character Required in the Philosopher
204(4)
The Prejudice against Philosophy
208(11)
The Philosopher Ruler not Impossible
219(7)
The Good as Ultimate Object of Knowledge
226(9)
The Divided Line
235(5)
The Simile of the Cave
240(9)
PART VIII: EDUCATION OF THE PHILOSOPHER (521)
Preliminary
249(5)
The Five Mathematical Studies
254(9)
Dialectic
263(4)
Selection and Curriculum
267(8)
PART IX: IMPERFECT SOCIETIES (543)
Recapitulation
275(3)
Timarchy
278(4)
The Timarchic Character
282(2)
Oligarchy
284(3)
The Oligarchic Character
287(3)
Democracy
290(4)
The Democratic Character
294(4)
Tyranny
298(10)
The Tyrannical Character
308(6)
The Types of Character and their Degrees of Happiness
314(16)
Conclusion
330(5)
PART X: THEORY OF ART (595)
Art and Illusion
335(10)
The Appeal of Art and Poetry
345(4)
The Effects of Poetry and Drama
349(5)
PART XI: THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL AND THE REWARDS OF GOODNESS (608)
The Soul Immortal
354(4)
The Rewards of Goodness in this Life
358(3)
The Myth of Er
361(8)
Appendix I: The Philosophical Passages in the Republic 369(7)
Appendix II: The Spindle of Necessity 376(7)
Notes 383(30)
References and Sources 413

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