Research Methodology : A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-12-08
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd
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The Third Edition of Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners integrates various quantitative and qualitative methodologies into eight practice based steps, providing lots of examples throughout to link theory with practice. Written specifically for students with no previous experience of research and research methodology, the writing style is simple and clear and the author presents this complex subject in a straightforward way that empowers readers to tackle research with confidence.

The book has been revised and updated to include extended coverage of qualitative research methods in addition to existing comprehensive coverage of quantitative methods. There are also brand new learning features such as reflective questions throughout the text to help students consolidate their knowledge.

Table of Contents

Research: a way of thinking
Research: an integral part of your practice
Research: a way to gather evidence for your practice
Applications of research
Research: what does it mean?
The Research Process: characteristics and requirements
Types of research
Paradigms of research
The research process: a quick glance
The research process: an eight-Step model
Phase I: deciding what to research
Phase II : planning a research study
Phase III: conducting a research study
Step I : Formulating a Research Problem
Reviewing the literature
The place of the literature review in research
How to review the literature
Writing about the literature reviewed
Formulating a research problem
The research problem
The importance of formulating a research problem
Sources of research problems
Considerations in selecting a research problem
Steps in formulating a research problem
The formulation of research objectives
The study population
Establishing operational definitions
Formulating a research problem in qualitative research
Identifying variables
What is a variable?
The difference between a concept and a variable
Converting concepts into variables
Types of variable
Types of measurement scale
Constructing hypotheses
The definition of a hypothesis
The functions of a hypothesis
The testing of a hypothesis
The characteristics of a hypothesis
Types of hypothesis
Errors in testing a hypothesis
Hypotheses in qualitative research
Step II: Conceptualising a Research Design
The research design
What is a research design?
The functions of a research design
The theory of causality and the research design
Selecting a study design
Differences between quantitative and qualitative study designs
Study designs in quantitative research
Study designs based on the number of contacts
Study designs based on the reference period
Study designs based on the nature of the investigation
Other designs commonly used in quantitative research
Study designs in qualitative research
Other commonly used philosophy-guided designs
Step III: Constructing an Instrument for Data Collection
Selecting a method of data collection
Differences in the methods of data collection in quantitative and qualitative research
Major approaches to information gathering
Collecting data using primary sources
Methods of data collection in qualitative research
Collecting data using secondary sources
Collecting data using attitudinal scales
Measurement of attitudes in quantitative and qualitative research
Attitudinal scales in quantitative research
Functions of attitudinal scales
Difficulties in developing an attitudinal scale
Types of attitudinal scale
Attitudinal scales and measurement scales
Attitudes and qualitative research
Establishing the validity and reliability of a research instrument
The concept of validity
Types of validity in quantitative research
The concept of reliability
Factors affecting the reliability of a research instrument
Methods of determining the reliability of an instrument in quantitative research
Validity and reliability in qualitative research
Step IV: Selecting a Sample
Selecting a sample
The differences between sampling in quantitative and qualitative research
Sampling in quantitative research
Sampling in qualitative research
Step V: Writing a Research Proposal
Writing a research proposal
The research proposal in quantitative and qualitative research
Contents of a research proposal
Work schedule
Step VI: Collecting Data
Considering ethical issues in data collection
Ethics: the concept
Stakeholders in research
Ethical issues to consider concerning research participants
Ethical issues to consider relating to the researcher
Ethical issues regarding the sponsoring organisation
Step VII: Processing and Displaying Data
Processing data
Data processing in quantitative studies
Data processing in qualitative studies
The role of statistics in research
Displaying data
Methods of communicating and displaying analysed data
Step VIII: Writing a Research Report
Writing a research report
Writing a research report
Developing an outline
Writing about a variable
Writing a bibliography
Research methodology and practice evaluation
What is evaluation?
Why evaluation?
Intervention-development-evaluation process
Perspectives in the classification of evaluation studies
Types of evaluation from a focus perspective
Types of evaluation from a philosophical perspective
Undertaking an evaluation: the process
Involving stakeholders in evaluation
Ethics in evaluation
Appendix: Developing a research project: a set of exercises for beginners
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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Customer Reviews

Fabulous July 27, 2011
A guided text starting at the front end of a research project and moving gently through each stage - using simple language. As the title states this textbook, is a step-by step guide. The format of the textbook is approachable and the information is immediately useful. A great step by step textbook for beginning researchers. I received a great price on the textbook! Also, it shipped quickly and I received it quickly!
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Research Methodology : A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners: 5 out of 5 stars based on 1 user reviews.

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