Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-04-02
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Many textbooks provide summaries and critiques of criminological theories, which are often supported by empirical evidence. However, this evidence is only as good as the research methods that were used to generate it. Where do these "facts" come from, and how reliable are they? Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance offers a critical evaluation of the research methods that generate data, bridging the gap between theory and research in the study of crime and deviant behavior. This unique resource challenges students to carefully appraise--rather than blindly accept--the research techniques that are used to produce theories and scholarship. In clear and engaging language, noted criminologists Charis E. Kubrin, Thomas D. Stucky, and Marvin D. Krohn assess the various research methods that have been used to test nine theoretical perspectives of crime. As they examine the processes and challenges of conducting theoretically directed research, the authors focus on sampling, measurement, and analytical issues. Coverage includes: * Rational Choice/Deterrence Theory * Trait Theories * Social Disorganization Theory * Anomie/Strain Theory * Social Learning Theory * Social Control Theory * Labeling Theory * Conflict Theory * Integrated Theory A dynamic and compelling text, Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance demystifies the research process, encouraging students to become better informed readers and researchers. It serves as an excellent resource for criminological theory courses, graduate-level research methods courses, and seminars that take a close look at the development of criminological theory and/or methods.

Author Biography

Charis E. Kubrin is Associate Professor of Sociology at George Washington University. She is coeditor of Crime: Readings (2007) and coauthor of Privileged Places: Race, Residence, and the Structure of Opportunity (2006).
Thomas D. Stucky is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis. He is author of Urban Politics, Crime Rates, and Police Strength (2005).
Marvin D. Krohn is Professor and Chair of the Department of Criminology, Law, and Society at the University of Florida. He is coauthor of Gangs and Delinquency in Developmental Perspective (2003), which was a recipient of the American Society of Criminology's Michael J. Hindelang Award.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Theoryp. 2
Methodsp. 5
Summaryp. 19
Discussion Questionsp. 20
Rational Choice and Deterrence Theoriesp. 21
Introductionp. 21
Intellectual History of Deterrence and Rational Choice Theoriesp. 21
Modern Deterrence and Rational Choice Theoriesp. 22
Routine Activities Theoryp. 24
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 25
Analytical Issuesp. 41
Directions for Future Researchp. 47
Discussion Questionsp. 48
Trait Theoriesp. 49
Introductionp. 49
Intellectual History of Trait Theoriesp. 49
Modern Biosocial Theoriesp. 50
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 56
Analytical Issuesp. 76
Directions for Future Researchp. 80
Discussion Questionsp. 81
Social Disorganization Theoryp. 82
Introductionp. 82
Intellectual History of Social Disorganization Theoryp. 83
Social Disorganization Theoryp. 87
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 93
Analytical Issuesp. 99
Directions for Future Researchp. 103
Discussion Questionsp. 105
Anomie and Strain Theoriesp. 107
Introductionp. 107
Intellectual History of Anomie and Strain Theoriesp. 107
Modern Anomie and Strain Theoriesp. 107
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 111
Analytical Issuesp. 129
Directions for Future Researchp. 135
Discussion Questionsp. 136
Social Learning Theoriesp. 137
Introductionp. 137
Intellectual History of Social Learning Theoriesp. 137
Differential Association Theoryp. 138
Social Learning Theoryp. 140
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 142
Analytical Issuesp. 159
Directions for Future Researchp. 164
Discussion Questionsp. 166
Control Theoriesp. 167
Introductionp. 167
Intellectual History of Social Control Theoryp. 168
Social Control Theoryp. 169
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 173
Analytical Issuesp. 180
Directions for Future Researchp. 185
Self-Control Theoryp. 186
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 189
Analytical Issuesp. 192
Directions for Future Researchp. 195
Discussion Questionsp. 196
Labeling Theoryp. 198
Introductionp. 198
Intellectual History of Labeling Theoryp. 200
Labeling Theoryp. 201
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 208
Analytical Issuesp. 213
Directions for Future Researchp. 216
Discussion Questionsp. 217
Conflict Theoryp. 219
Introductionp. 219
Intellectual History of Conflict Theoryp. 220
Conflict Theoryp. 225
Concepts and Measurement Issuesp. 234
Analytical Issuesp. 239
Directions for Future Researchp. 244
Discussion Questionsp. 245
Integrated Theoryp. 247
Introductionp. 247
Intellectual History of Integrated Theoryp. 247
Integrated Theoryp. 250
Analytical Issuesp. 273
Directions for Future Researchp. 279
Discussion Questionsp. 281
Conclusionp. 282
Common Measurement and Analytical Issuesp. 283
What Is the Future of Criminological Inquiry?p. 287
Referencesp. 291
Indexp. 341
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