Resilient Cultures: America's Native Peoples Confront European Colonialization 1500-1800

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2016-09-07
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Provides a comparative perspective on the impact of early European colonization on the native peoples of the Americas. Resilient Culturesexamines the character of the indigenous cultures of the Americas before European contact and then considers the impact of colonization by the Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English as well as the creative ways in which indigenous cultures adapted to colonization. The text explores such issues as environmental change, the nature of military conflicts, the cultural and material contributions of each side to the other, the importance of economic exchanges, and demographic transformations. Learning Goals Upon completing this book readers will be able to: Understand the impact of European colonization on the native societies of the Americas Explain how native cultures were transformed by the unprecedented pressures placed on them by the European settlements Discuss the ways local indigenous people influenced the course of colonial history, affecting the economies, cultures, and social patterns of the European settlers Note:MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit:www.mysearchlab.comor you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205098576 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205098576.

Author Biography

John E. Kicza is the former department of history co-chair at Washington State University. He was as an associate dean of the college of liberal arts at WSU from 2001–2005 and served on the graduate faculty of the American studies program. He is also a former Edward R. Meyer distinguished professor. Kicza received his Ph.D. from UCLA in 1979. His fields of expertise are Latin American history and early European overseas culture contacts. His books include The Indian in Latin American History: Resistance, Resilience, and Acculturation (Scholarly Resources, 2000) and The Social History of Spanish America in the National Period (Academia

Nacional de la Historia de Venezuela, 1998). His articles, chapters and entries have appeared in such journals as the William and Mary Quarterly, Hispanic American Historical Review, Renaissance Quarterly and the Latin American Research Review. He retired in June 2009.

Table of Contents

MySearchLab Connections: Sources Onlinep. ix
Documentsp. xii
Illustrationsp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Introductionp. 1
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 3
The Native Societies of the Americas Before Contactp. 5
The Coming of Humans to the Americas and the Agricultural Revolutionp. 5
Sedentary Imperial Societiesp. 7
Landholding Patterns and Forms of Production and Distributionp. 13
Empires and Warfarep. 17
Semisedentary Societiesp. 18
The Primacy of Community and Lineagep. 24
Nonsedentary Hunters and Gatherersp. 25
The Native Population of the Americas on the Eve of Contactp. 27
Conclusionp. 27
Select Bibliographyp. 28
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 29
Endnotesp. 30
The Conquests and Initial Establishment of Colonies in Latin Americap. 31
The European Settingp. 31
Iberia's Early Efforts at Explorationp. 33
Spaniards in the Caribbeanp. 33
Organization and Functioning of Spanish Expeditions of Conquestp. 37
Conquest of the Sedentary Imperial Societiesp. 43
Conquest and Semisedentary and Nonsedentary Peoplesp. 53
Conclusionp. 54
Select Bibliographyp. 56
MySearchlab Connectionsp. 56
Endnotesp. 57
Colonial Spanish America and Its Impact on the Sedentary Imperial Societiesp. 59
Spanish Colonists and Their Expectationsp. 59
Retention of Indigenous Provincial Organizationp. 61
Fragmentation and Its Impactp. 62
Demographic Collapse and Its Consequencesp. 65
Tribute and Labor Service Systemsp. 67
Urban Indiansp. 69
Race Mixture and Its Recognitionp. 71
Creative Adaptations at the Local Levelp. 72
Changes in Material Culturep. 75
The Christianization of Native Peoplesp. 76
The Cult of the Saintsp. 78
Language and Cultural Change in Mesoamerican Communitiesp. 81
The Character of Native Revoltsp. 81
The Impact of Eighteenth-Century Population Growthp. 83
Conclusionp. 84
Select Bibliographyp. 85
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 86
Endnotesp. 87
Spanish and Portuguese Interactions with Semisedentary and Nonsedentary Peoplesp. 89
Migration and an Enduring Frontier among the Maya of the Yucatan Peninsulap. 90
Muted Transformations among the Pacified Mayap. 91
The Portuguese and the Indigenous Peoples of Brazilp. 94
Spanish Settlement among the Guaraní of Greater Paraguayp. 102
The Araucanians of Southern Chilep. 104
Limited Spanish Success against the Hunter-Gatherers of the Mexican Desert Northp. 107
Missions in Spanish and Portuguese Americap. 109
Conclusionp. 113
Select Bibliographyp. 114
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 115
Endnotesp. 116
Native Responses to Settlement in the East and Southwest in North Americap. 117
Spain in Eastern North Americap. 117
Spain in the American Southwestp. 119
The French Arrival in Canadap. 125
The French Avoidance of Conflicts over Land and Authorityp. 129
The Fur Trade and the Huronp. 129
French Warfare Against the Iroquoisp. 132
French Settlement Along the St. Lawrence in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 134
The Canadian West and Mississippi River Valley in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 136
The Dutch in New Netherlandp. 137
The Dutch Fur Trade at Fort Orangep. 13
Dutch Settlement around New Amsterdam and Its Impact on the Native Peoplesp. 139
Conclusionp. 141
Select Bibliographyp. 142
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 143
Endnotesp. 144
The British and the Indians of Eastern North Americap. 146
Early English Undertakings in North Americap. 147
Jamestown and English Settlement in the Chesapeakep. 147
Puritan Settlement in New England and the Rapid Transformation of the Local Peoplesp. 153
The Iroquois in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 158
The Carolinas in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 163
The Native Peoples West of the Appalachians in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 165
Conclusionp. 168
Select Bibliographyp. 168
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 170
Endnotesp. 171
Enduring Connections between the New World and the Oldp. 173
The Movement of Peoplesp. 174
The Movement of Diseasesp. 175
The Movement of Animalsp. 175
The Movement of Plantsp. 176
The Movement of Precious Metalsp. 179
By Way of ConclusionùEnduring Patterns in the Americasp. 182
Select Bibliographyp. 185
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 186
Endnotesp. 187
Bibliographyp. 188
Indexp. 196
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