Rethinking the SAT: The Future of Standardized Testing in University Admissions

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-02-05
  • Publisher: Routledge

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The controversy surrounding the implications of standardized tests for college admissions is constant among the general public, academics, administrators, policy makers, and certainly students. This unique volume gives voice to all the major players and writers at the forefront of the debate over the SAT. The book not only focuses on Richard Atkinson's controversial stance regarding the SAT, but highlights the thinking of individuals from all the various sectors involved, from testing specialists to academics to the popular press. The contributors tackle both pro and con positions, and debate the more newsworthy topics discussed in the press like race, gender, and class issues associated with standardized testing. Rethinking the SATis a unique presentation of the latest thoughts and research findings of key individuals in the world of college admissions, including the president of the largest public university system in the U.S., as well as the presidents of the two companies that sponsor collegeadmissions tests in the U.S. The contributors address not only the pros and cons of the SAT itself, but the broader question of who should go to college in the twenty-first century.

Author Biography

Rebecca Zwick is a Professor at the Gevirtz Graduate School of Education at the University of California, Santa Barbara

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xvii
List of Contributors xix
Part I: Standardized Tests and American Education: What Is the Past and Future of College Admissions Testing in the United States? 1(100)
A History of Admissions Testing
Nicholas Lemann
Achievement versus Aptitude in College Admissions
Richard C. Atkinson
Standardized Tests and American Education
Richard Ferguson
Doing What Is Important in Education
Gaston Caperton
Remarks on President Atkinson's Proposal on Admissions Tests
Manuel N. Gómez
Aptitude for College: The Importance of Reasoning Tests for Minority Admissions
David F. Lohman
A Historical Perspective on the Content of the SAT
Ida Lawrence, Gretchen Rigol, Tom Van Essen, and Carol Jackson
Innovation and Change in the SAT: A Design Framework for Future College Admission Tests
Howard T. Everson
Commentary on Part I: Admissions Testing in a Disconnected K-16 System
Michael W. Kirst
Part II: College Admissions Testing in California: How Did the California SAT Debate Arise? 101(62)
Rethinking the Use of Undergraduate Admissions Tests: The Case of the University of California
Dorothy A. Perry, Michael T Brown, and Barbara A. Sawrey
UC and the SAT: Predictive Validity and Differential Impact of the SAT I and SAT II at the University of California
Saul Geiser with Roger E. Studley
Commentary on Part II: Changing University of California Admissions Practices: A Participant-Observer Perspective
Eva L. Baker
Part III: Race, Class, and Admissions Testing: How Are Test Scores Related to Student Background and Academic Preparation? 163(82)
Equitable Access and Academic Preparation for Higher Education: Lessons Learned from College Access Programs
Patricia Gándara
Group Differences in Standardized Test Scores and Other Educational Indicators
Amy Elizabeth Schmidt and Wayne J. Camara
Is the SAT a "Wealth Test"? The Link between Educational Achievement and Socioeconomic Status
Rebecca Zwick
Evaluating SAT Coaching: Gains, Effects and Self-Selection
Derek C. Briggs
Commentary on Part III: Differential Achievement: Seeking Causes, Cures, and Construct Validity
Michael E. Martinez
Part IV: The Predictive Value of Admissions Tests: How Well Do Tests Predict Academic Success for Students from a Variety of Backgrounds? 245(114)
The Utility of the SAT I and SAT II for Admissions Decisions in California and the Nation
Jennifer L. Kobrin, Wayne J. Camara, and Glenn B. Milewski
Replacing Reasoning Tests with Achievement Tests in University Admissions: Does It Make a Difference?
Brent Bridgeman, Nancy Burton, and Frederick Cline
Differential Validity and Prediction: Race and Sex Differences in College Admissions Testing
John W Young
The Effects of Using ACT Composite Scores and High School Averages on College Admissions Decisions for Ethnic Groups
Julie Noble
Inequality, Student Achievement, and College Admissions: A Remedy for Underrepresentation
Roger E. Studley
Reassessing College Admissions: Examining Tests and Admitting Alternatives
Christina Perez
Commentary on Part IV: Predicting Student Performance in College
Robert L. Linn
Author Index 359(6)
Subject Index 365

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