Reviving Legitimacy

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2011-08-22
  • Publisher: Lexington Books

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The Chinese government has attempted to bolster its legitimacy as a political response to emerging social, cultural, political, economic, environmental challenges and crises experienced during market-oriented reforms and rapid modernization in China. However, contrary to the Western preference for liberal democracy and "procedural legitimacy," the Chinese government's attempt at bolstering legitimacy has emphasized performance-based, responsibility-based, morality-based, and ideology-based arguments in order to gain popular support and maintain regime stability. In order to understand and explain political phenomena in China, it is necessary to revisit the concepts, theories, and sources of legitimacy and their applications in the Chinese context. Contributors of this book have approached legitimacy from both normative and empirical perspectives, and from Western and Chinese perspectives, thus this edited volume offers lessons and insights for and from China, and contributes to the ongoing theoretical debates as well as empirical research on legitimacy in the Chinese context.

Author Biography

Deng Zhenglai is distinguished professor of Fudan University, dean of the Fudan Institute for Advanced Study in Social Sciences, and director of the Fudan University Center for Contemporary China Research. Sujian Guo is distinguished professor of Fudan University and associate dean of Fudan University Institute for Advanced Study in Social Sciences, and concurrently professor of political science and director of the Center for US-China Policy Studies at San Francisco State University.

Table of Contents

Figures and Tablesp. vii
Contributorsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introduction A Cosmopolitan Moment of Legitimacy and Governancep. 1
Legitimacy in Theoretical Perspectives
Typological Analysis of Democratic Legitimacyp. 15
What Is Political Legitimacy and How Can It Be Acquired? Lessons from a Deviant Casep. 27
International Dimensions of Legitimacy: Reflections on Western Theories and the Chinese Experiencep. 37
"Adaptive Authoritarianism" in Contemporary China: Identifying Zones of Legitimacy Buildingp. 61
Re-conceptualizing "Legitimacy" for Studying Village Elections in Chinap. 83
Reviving Legitimacy in China
Confucianism as a Legitimizing Ideologyp. 111
Legitimizing Leninismp. 131
Authoritarian Legitimacy and Legitimation in Contemporary Chinap. 155
"Performance Legitimacy" and China's Political Adaptation Strategyp. 175
Morality, Benevolence, and Responsibility: Regime Legitimacy in China from Past to the Presentp. 195
Indexp. 215
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