Revolutions and Revolutionary Movements

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-11
  • Publisher: Westview Pr

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With crucial insights and indispensable information concerning modern-day political upheavals,Revolutions and Revolutionary Movementsprovides a representative cross section of the most significant revolutions of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This fourth edition is revised and updated with special focus on Islamic fundamentalism and Islamic revolutionary movements and a new chapter on the Latin American democratic revolutions of the past decade. In this widely used text, students can trace the historical development of nine revolutions using a five-factor analytical framework. Author James DeFronzo clearly explains all relevant concepts and events, the roles of key leaders, and the interrelation of each revolutionary movement with international economic and political developments and conflicts, including World Wars I and II, the Cold War, and the War on Terror. Student resources include multiple orienting maps, summary and analysis sections, suggested readings, chronologies, and documentary resources.

Author Biography

James Defronzo is emeritus faculty of sociology at the University of Connecticut. His books include The Iraq War: Origins and Consequences (Westview Press) and the award-winning three-volume encyclopedia Revolutionary Movements in World History. He is also the author of numerous articles on political sociology, revolutionary movements, criminology, and social policy related to crime.

Table of Contents

List of Mapsp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Acronymsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
References and Further Readingsp. 5
Social Movements and Revolutionsp. 9
Revolutionary Movements: Critical Factorsp. 12
Revolutions That Failedp. 21
Theories of Revolutionp. 25
Are Revolutions Developing or Occurring Now?p. 28
Summaryp. 30
References and Further Readingsp. 31
The Russian Revolutions and Eastern Europep. 39
Geography and Populationp. 39
The Setting for Revolutionp. 40
The Russian Social Democratic Partyp. 43
The Attempted Revolution of 1905p. 46
The Revolutions of 1917p. 48
Assessing the Bolshevik Seizure of Powerp. 52
The Civil Warp. 54
Leadership Strugglep. 55
The Soviet Union Under Stalinp. 58
The Russian Revolution: Long-Term Consequencesp. 59
The Soviet Union and Revolution in Eastern Europep. 61
The Solidarity Movement and the Roots of Conflict in Post-Communist Party Statesp. 64
The Disintegration of the Soviet Unionp. 66
Economic and Political Trendsp. 70
Corruptionp. 73
Health and Related Issuesp. 74
The Disintegration of Yugoslavia and the Tragedy of Bosniap. 76
Color Revolutionsp. 81
Conflict Between Georgia and Russia in 2008p. 82
Summary and Analysisp. 83
Russian Revolutions: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 85
References and Further Readingsp. 87
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 92
Revolution in Chinap. 95
Geography and Populationp. 96
Social and Historical Settings for Revolutionp. 96
The Development of the Republican Movementp. 102
Civil War in Chinap. 109
The People's Republic of China: 1949-1990p. 116
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: 1966-1968p. 122
Post-1978 Reformsp. 123
The 1989 Prodemocracy Demonstrationsp. 125
China's Economic and Political Systems in the 1990sp. 127
China's Economic Success Relative to the Former USSRp. 128
Morality and the Future of the Chinese Revolutionp. 130
China's Progress, Problems, Policies, and Plans for the Futurep. 132
Summary and Analysisp. 139
Chinese Revolution: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 141
References and Further Readingsp. 142
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 147
The Vietnamese Revolutionp. 149
Geography and Populationp. 149
Early Cultural and Political Characteristicsp. 150
French Conquestp. 151
The French Impact on Vietnamp. 152
Resistance to French Rulep. 158
The Impact of World War IIp. 166
Insurrectionp. 168
The French Indochina War: 1946-1954p. 172
The 1954 Geneva Accords on Indochinap. 174
U.S. Involvement in Vietnam: 1954-1975p. 175
Aftermath and Related Developmentsp. 184
Summary and Analysisp. 192
Vietnamese Revolution: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 195
References and Further Readingsp. 196
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 199
The Cuban Revolutionp. 203
Geography and Populationp. 205
Prerevolutionary Political Historyp. 205
Economy and Social Classesp. 211
Revolutionp. 214
Revolutionary Cubap. 220
U.S. Reactions to the Revolutionp. 222
Cuba and Revolution in Other Countriesp. 225
Cuba and Venezuela's Bolivarian Revolution and the Democratic Shift to the Left in Latin Americap. 232
Cuban Economy and Political Systemp. 234
Summary and Analysisp. 238
Cuban Revolution: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 241
References and Further Readingsp. 242
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 246
Revolution in Nicaraguap. 249
Geography and Populationp. 249
Nicaragua Before the Revolutionp. 250
The Revolutionp. 256
Postrevolutionary Government, Changes, and Conflictsp. 262
U.S. and World Reactions to the Revolutionp. 267
1989 Peace Agreement and 1990 Electionp. 273
Nicaragua in the 1990sp. 276
Why Were Republican Administrations So Hostile?p. 277
Nicaragua After the Violeta Chamorro Presidencyp. 279
Daniel Ortega and the FSLN Regain the Presidencyp. 280
Summary and Analysisp. 282
Nicaraguan Revolution: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 284
References and Further Readingsp. 285
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 289
The Iranian Revolution and Islamic Fundamentalismp. 291
Geography and Populationp. 292
National Culturep. 292
The Qajar Dynasty and Foreign Influencep. 294
The Pahlavi Dynastyp. 295
The Setting for Revolutionp. 310
The Revolutionary Processp. 312
Revolutionary Iranp. 316
Iran After Khomeinip. 324
Iran and the 1991 GulfWarp. 325
Iran and Islamic Revolution Elsewherep. 327
Iran, Afghanistan, the War on Terror, and the U.S.-Led Invasion and Occupation of Iraqp. 328
Developments After the Election of Obamap. 330
Summary and Analysisp. 334
Iranian Revolution: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 337
References and Further Readingsp. 339
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 341
Islamic Revolutionary Movementsp. 343
Historical Background of Islamic Fundamentalismp. 344
Fundamentalism, Millenarianism, and Revolutionary Potential in Shia Islamp. 350
Contemporary Revolutionary Fundamentalism in Sunna Islam: Hamas, Al Qaeda, Talibanp. 351
The War in Iraqp. 362
Hezbollah and the War with Israelp. 368
Summary and Analysisp. 371
Islamic Revolutionary Movements: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 373
References and Further Readingsp. 376
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 380
South Africap. 381
Geography and Populationp. 381
Dutch and British Colonizationp. 382
The Union of South Africap. 386
The Apartheid Statep. 389
Changes in the Apartheid Systemp. 390
Opposition to Apartheidp. 394
Counterinsurgency Strategies of the Regime in the 1980sp. 405
Reforming Apartheidp. 407
The Dismantling of Apartheidp. 409
South Africa After Apartheidp. 413
Summary and Analysisp. 418
South Africa: Chronology of Major Eventsp. 421
References and Further Readingsp. 423
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 427
Revolution Through Democracyp. 429
Revolution to Democracyp. 430
Revolution Through Democracy: The Venezuelan Exceptionp. 431
Revolution Through Democracy: Boliviap. 446
Elections in Other Nationsp. 457
Summary and Analysisp. 458
Chronology of Major Eventsp. 459
References and Further Readingsp. 460
Selected DVD, Film, and Videocassette Documentariesp. 464
Conclusionsp. 465
Some Comparisons Among the Case Studiesp. 465
Inadequacies in the Theories of Revolutionp. 469
Revolutions of the Future?p. 471
References and Further Readingsp. 472
Purchase and Rental Sourcesp. 473
About the Book and Authorp. 475
Indexp. 476
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