School Crisis Prevention and Intervention

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-31
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Preparation. Prevention. Intervention. What can you do to prepare for a potential crisis in your school? This daunting question is addressed in Mary Margaret Kerrrs"sSchool Crisis Prevention and Intervention. As a respondent to over 1,000 school-related crises, Kerr provides a realistic and detailed guide to approaching school crises at all stages, from preparation and prevention to intervention and recovery. Following a four-phase conceptual framework, Kerr walks you through the planning and implementation of crisis prevention and response and provides you with the tools necessary to develop a crisis prevention and intervention toolkit specific to your school.

Table of Contents

An Overview of Crisis Prevention and Interventionp. 1
A Model for School Crisis Prevention and Interventionp. 2
Mitigation/Preventionp. 3
Crisis Preparationp. 6
Crisis Responsep. 8
Recoveryp. 11
Summaryp. 13
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 13
Referencesp. 14
Crisis Planningp. 15
Case Studyp. 15
The Goals of Crisis Planningp. 15
Developing Crisis Policiesp. 17
Elements of a Comprehensive Crisis Planp. 20
Policy and Procedures: An Illustrationp. 22
Common Problems in Crisis Planningp. 27
Technology's Role in Crisis Planningp. 28
Summaryp. 31
Case Study Conclusionp. 31
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 32
Referencesp. 33
Crisis Team Preparationp. 34
Case Studyp. 34
Crisis Team Membersp. 35
Crisis Leadership Teamp. 36
Community Members of the Crisis or Public Safety Teamp. 37
School Crisis Team Coordinatorp. 38
Mental Health Specialistp. 39
Other School Employeesp. 40
Initial Crisis Team Trainingp. 43
Orientation and Introductionsp. 43
Initial Trainingp. 44
Contents of a Crisis Response "Go-Kit"p. 48
Drillsp. 51
Initial Calls and Briefingsp. 52
Refresher Trainingp. 53
Common Problems in Crisis Team Preparationp. 53
Evaluating the Response and Improving the Planp. 55
Supporting a Crisis Teamp. 56
Basic Supportsp. 56
Rotationsp. 56
Employee Assistance Servicesp. 57
Summaryp. 57
Case Study Conclusionp. 57
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 58
Referencesp. 59
Crisis Communicationsp. 60
Case Studyp. 60
The Goals of Crisis Communicationsp. 61
Preparing for Crisis Communicationsp. 62
Using Technology to Facilitate Initial Crisis Communicationsp. 65
Setting Up a Crisis Hotlinep. 66
Communications During a Crisisp. 66
Callout Procedures for the Crisis Team and Agency Personnelp. 66
Informing School Personnelp. 67
Informing Studentsp. 68
Informing Parentsp. 69
Holding a Parent Meetingp. 69
Rumor Controlp. 72
Confidentiality Concernsp. 72
Working with Media Representativesp. 72
Understanding Media Goals, Limitations, and Deadlinesp. 73
Creating and Maintaining the Messagep. 73
Media Interviewsp. 75
Summaryp. 76
Case Study Conclusionp. 76
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 77
Referencesp. 78
Prevention, Mitigation, and Response for Accidents and Illnessesp. 79
Case Studyp. 79
Introductionp. 80
Assessing School Health Conditionsp. 81
Preventing Accidents on the Way to and from Schoolp. 82
Preventing Accidents at Schoolp. 84
Environmental Hazardsp. 85
Respiratory Emergenciesp. 87
Asthmap. 87
Food Allergiesp. 87
Risky Behaviorsp. 89
Suicidal Behaviorp. 90
Agep. 90
Gender, Race, and Sexual Orientationp. 90
Methodp. 90
Risk Factors and Precipitants Associated with Youth Suicidep. 91
Mental Illnessp. 91
Depressionp. 91
Anxiety Disordersp. 91
Drug or Alcohol Abusep. 92
Family Mental Illnessp. 92
Family Discordp. 92
Exposure to the Suicidality of Othersp. 92
Behavioral Indicatorsp. 93
Crisis Intervention for a Medical Emergencyp. 93
General Proceduresp. 93
Special Circumstancesp. 95
Continuing Exposure to a Disease, Bacteria, or Virusp. 95
Suicide Contagionp. 96
Summaryp. 97
Case Study Conclusionp. 97
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 98
Referencesp. 98
Prevention, Mitigation, and Response for Violencep. 100
Case Studyp. 100
Introductionp. 101
School Safety Assessmentp. 101
Assessing Perceptions About School Safetyp. 103
Reviewing Policies and Proceduresp. 104
Assessing Physical Securityp. 104
School Violence Preventionp. 104
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Designp. 105
Prevention Through Security Measures and Interactionsp. 105
Threat Assessmentp. 106
School Climate and Staff Supervisionp. 110
Bullying or Peer Harassmentp. 110
Identifying Those at Risk for Involvement as Bullies or Victimsp. 111
Individual Crisis Responsesp. 112
Schoolwide Crisis Responsesp. 114
Supporting Students After a Violent Incidentp. 118
Crisis Responding After a Crime Has Been Committedp. 120
Safeguarding the School Community When the Threat Continuesp. 120
Summaryp. 122
Case Study Conclusionp. 123
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 123
Referencesp. 124
Prevention, Mitigation, and Response for Disastersp. 126
Case Studyp. 126
Introductionp. 126
Preparation, Prevention, and Mitigationp. 126
Awareness and Assessmentp. 127
Preparation Activities for Studentsp. 127
Disaster Response: How External Agencies Are Involvedp. 128
Disaster Recovery: Acknowledgment, Expression, and Reengagementp. 130
Acknowledgmentp. 130
Expression of Feelingsp. 131
Reengagement with Schoolp. 132
Typical Reactions to Disastersp. 133
Young Children's Reactionsp. 134
Elementary School Children's Reactionsp. 135
Adolescents' Reactionsp. 135
Adult Reactionsp. 136
Supporting Disaster Victims Through School-Based Counselingp. 136
Summaryp. 136
Case Study Conclusionp. 137
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 138
Referencesp. 138
Recovery: Psychological Supports in a Crisisp. 140
Case Studyp. 140
Introductionp. 140
Understanding the Traumatic Experiencep. 141
Typical Indicators of Helplessness, Fear, and Horrorp. 142
School-Based Supports for Studentsp. 142
Reassurance Provided by Teachers, Parents, and Paraprofessionalsp. 143
Psychological First Aid Provided by Trained Respondersp. 143
Group Interventionsp. 147
Psychological Debriefingp. 147
Acute Stress Reaction Disorderp. 150
Posttraumatic Stress Disorderp. 151
Traumatic Griefp. 153
Supporting Students and Their Familiesp. 155
Summaryp. 155
Case Study Conclusionp. 156
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 156
Referencesp. 157
Recovery: Postvention Following a Deathp. 159
Case Studyp. 159
Postvention Following Suicide: Preventing Contagionp. 160
An Overview of the Postvention Processp. 161
Verifying the Deathp. 161
Contacting the Victim's Familyp. 166
Safeguarding the Victim's Belongingsp. 167
Following the Schedule of the Deceasedp. 167
Group Interventionsp. 167
One-Time Educational Support Groupp. 168
Informal Student-Initiated Groupsp. 169
Individual Screeningp. 169
General Guidelinesp. 169
Funeral Plansp. 171
Postvention in Other Schoolsp. 171
Communicationsp. 171
Suicide Contagion and the Mediap. 172
Supporting the Postvention Teamp. 172
Evaluation and Follow-Upp. 173
Memorialsp. 173
Memorials Following a Suicidep. 173
Student-Initiated Memorialsp. 174
Community Considerationsp. 175
Yearbook Memorialsp. 175
Graduation Activities After a Deathp. 178
Anniversary Datesp. 178
Summaryp. 179
Case Study Conclusionp. 179
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 180
Referencesp. 180
Recovery: Supporting School Crisis Respondersp. 182
Case Studyp. 182
Introductionp. 182
Risk Factors for Burnoutp. 182
Burnout and Compassion Fatiguep. 184
Supporting Crisis Respondersp. 185
The Paradoxical Rewards of Crisis Respondingp. 189
Summaryp. 189
Case Study Conclusionp. 189
Discussion and Application Ideasp. 191
Referencesp. 192
Name Indexp. 193
Subject Indexp. 197
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