The Second World

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  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2009-02-10
  • Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks
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InThe Second World, scholar Parag Khanna, chosen as one ofEsquire's 75 Most Influential People of the Twenty-First Century, reveals how America's future depends on its ability to compete with the European Union and China to forge relationships with the Second World, the pivotal regions of Eastern Europe, Central Asia, South America, the Middle East, and East Asia that are growing in influence and economic strength. Informed, witty, and armed with a traveler's intuition for blending into diverse cultures, Khanna depicts second-world societies from the inside out, observing how globalization divides them into winners and losersand shows how China, Europe, and America use their unique imperial gravities to pull the second-world countries into their orbits. Along the way, Khanna explains how Arabism and Islamism compete for the Arab soul, reveals how Iran and Saudi Arabia play the superpowers against one another, unmasks Singapore's inspirational role in East Asia, and psychoanalyzes the second-world leaders whose decisions are reshaping the balance of power.

Author Biography

Parag Khanna directs the Global Governance Initiative in the American Strategy Program of the New America Foundation. He has been a fellow at the Brookings Institution and worked for the World Economic Forum and the Council on Foreign Relations. During 2007, he was a senior geopolitical advisor to U.S. Special Operations Command. Born in India, Khanna was raised in the United Arab Emirates, the United States, and Germany. He holds undergraduate and graduate degrees from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and is completing his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics. He has written for major global publications such as The New York Times and Financial Times and appeared on CNN and other television media around the world. Having traveled in close to one hundred countries. He is a member of the Explorers Club.

From the Hardcover edition.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Paperback Editionp. ix
Introduction: Inter-Imperial Relationsp. xiii
The West's East
Brussels: The New Romep. 3
The Russian Devolutionp. 10
Ukraine: From Border to Bridgep. 16
The Balkans: Eastern Questionsp. 26
Turkey: Marching East and Westp. 36
The Caucasian Corridorp. 47
Conclusion: Stretching Europep. 60
Affairs of the Heartland
The Silk Road and the Great Gamep. 65
The Russia That Wasp. 71
Tibet And Xinjiang: The New Bamboo Curtainp. 78
Kazakhstan: "Happiness is Multiple Pipelines"p. 85
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: Sovereign of Everything, Master of Nothingp. 93
Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan: Men Behaving Badlyp. 98
Afghanistan and Pakistan: Taming South-Central Asiap. 108
Conclusion: A Change of Heartp. 115
The End of the Monroe Doctrine
The New Rules of the Gamep. 121
Mexico: The Umbilical Cordp. 132
Venezuela: Bolivar's Revengep. 137
Colombia: the Andean Balkans?p. 144
Brazil: The Southern Polep. 152
Argentina and Chile: Very Fraternal Twinsp. 159
Conclusion: Beyond Monroep. 166
In Search of the "Middle East"
The Shattered Beltp. 171
The Maghreb: Europe's Southern Shorep. 176
Egypt: Between Bureaucrats and Theocratsp. 191
The Mashreq: Road Mapsp. 204
The Former Iraq: Buffer, Black Hole, and Broken Boundaryp. 220
Iran: Virtues and Vicesp. 227
Gulf Streamsp. 234
Conclusion: Arabian Sand Dunesp. 252
Asia for Asians
From Outside in to Inside Outp. 257
China's First-World Seductionp. 269
Malaysia and Indonesia: The Greater Chinese Co-Prosperity Spherep. 278
Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam: The Inner Trianglep. 292
Size Matters: The Four Chinasp. 300
Conclusion: The Search for Equilibrium in a Non-American Worldp. 321
Acknowledgmentsp. 343
Bibliographyp. 353
Notesp. 377
Indexp. 443
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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