9780205483556

Seeing Anthropology Cultural Anthropology Through Film (Book Alone)

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  • ISBN13:

    9780205483556

  • ISBN10:

    0205483550

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-07-25
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Summary

Seeing Anthropology: Cultural Anthropology through Film Karl G. Heider, University of South Carolina, with contributions by Pamela A. R. Blakely, Reading Area Community College and University of Pennsylvania, and Thomas D. Blakely, Pennsylvania State University Seeing Anthropology continues to be the only cultural anthropology text available that allows for easy integration of ethnographic films into the introductory cultural anthropology course. Visual anthropologists and contributors, Pamela Blakely and Thomas Blakely, professors who have taught classes with each edition of this textbook and its films, bring their expertise in ethnographic methods, African studies, comparative religion, and womenrs"s studies to this new edition. What Reviewers Are Saying Ethnographic film is integral to teaching cultural anthropology and engaging students in a multidimensional, sensory experience of culture. Through ethnographic films, students gain a better understanding of the work that anthropologists do by seeing it in fieldwork settingshellip;Students get to see people living and working in their cultures and hear languages from across the globe. This is an important dimension of becoming aware of and appreciating cross-cultural differences. Brooke Olson, Ithaca College Seeing Anthropology is a comprehensive and clearly written textbook for introductory sociocultural anthropology classes. I especially appreciated the use of films in the clarification and amplification of concepts. The range and scope of the topics including their relevance to present day concerns are laudable in the face of [an] ever-changing world. Indeed, to have a sociocultural anthropology introductory text that is both informative and challenging at the same time is quite a feat. Martin F. Manalansan IV, University of Illinois Heider is a good communicator and a good writer. He is an interesting person and does a good job of communicating anthropology in an accessible and interesting manner. The book is written in plain language without being simplistic and does a good job of using the jargon of anthropology where necessary without overwhelming the reader. Adam King, University of South Carolina

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
The Study of Human Diversity
1(29)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
2(1)
Introduction
2(1)
The Fields of Anthropology
2(10)
Biological Anthropology
3(2)
Archaeology
5(1)
Linguistic Anthropology
6(3)
Cultural Anthropology
9(2)
Applied Anthropology
11(1)
Anthropology and Other Disciplines
12(2)
Key Concepts in Anthropology
14(5)
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativity
14(3)
Holism
17(2)
Doing Anthropology: Find the Connections
19(1)
Focus Culture: Finding the Connections in Contemporary Bali
20(4)
Seeing Anthropology: The Goddess and the Computer
24(3)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Cultural Interaction in A Passage to India
27(1)
Chapter Summary
28(1)
Key Terms
28(1)
Questions to Think About
29(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
29(1)
Understanding Culture
30(29)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
31(2)
Defining Culture
33(4)
Culture Is Learned
34(2)
Culture Is Shared
36(1)
Focus Culture: Shared Malay Traditions and Local Variations
37(10)
Culture Is Ideas
40(2)
Culture Is Patterns of Behavior
42(1)
Cultures Are Both Internally Consistent and Inconsistent
43(1)
Culture, Society, and Ethnicity
44(1)
Cultures and Subcultures: Operating on Different Levels
45(2)
Doing Anthropology: Societies, Cultures, and Subcultures
47(2)
Cultures Adapt and Change
47(2)
The Concept of Race
49(2)
Clinal Model of Variation
49(1)
``Race'' as a Sociocultural Construct
50(1)
The Interaction of Biology and Culture
51(2)
Seeing Anthropology: Latah: A Culture-Specific Elaboration of the Startle Reflex
53(3)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Cultural Construction of Race in Rabbit-Proof Fence
56(1)
Chapter Summary
57(1)
Key Terms
57(1)
Questions to Think About
58(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
58(1)
Doing Anthropology: Fieldwork and Theories
59(40)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
60(1)
Doing Fieldwork
60(8)
Learning the Language
62(1)
Fieldwork Techniques
62(4)
Fieldwork Settings
66(2)
Focus Culture: Fieldwork among the Grand Valley Dani of Irian Jaya, Indonesia (West New Guinea)
68(8)
Focus Culture: Complexities of Japanese Culture
76(2)
Seeing Anthropology: Fieldwork in Neighborhood Tokyo
78(7)
Quantitative versus Qualitative Research: To Count or Not to Count
82(2)
Ethics in Anthropology
84(1)
Writing an Ethnography
85(1)
Reflexivity
85(1)
Anthropological Theories: How We Account for Cultural Behavior
86(5)
Basic Assumptions
87(1)
Theory Families
88(3)
Doing Anthropology: Recognizing the Theory
91(1)
Seeing Anthropology: Fieldwork among the Grand Valley Dani: Dead Birds
92(3)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Different Versions in Rashomon
95(1)
Chapter Summary
96(1)
Key Terms
97(1)
Questions to Think About
97(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading and Viewing
97(2)
Meanings: Language, Symbols, and Art
99(37)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
100(1)
Language
100(13)
Primitive Languages and Primitive Peoples
104(1)
Elements of Language: Channels of Communication
105(8)
Doing Anthropology: Full-Channel Shakespeare
113(7)
Language, Culture, and Biology
114(3)
Sociolinguistics: Language in Social Context
117(3)
Symbols, Art, and Identity
120(7)
Symbolic Structure in Narrative Art
122(2)
Art and Identity
124(2)
Art in Context versus Art on a Pedestal
126(1)
Focus Culture: Art and Ceremony of the Kwa Kwaka' Wakw of the Northwest Coast
127(4)
Seeing Anthropology: Art and Identity of the Kwa Kwaka' Wakw: Box of Treasures
131(1)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: The Cultural Translation of ``Darmok''
132(1)
Chapter Summary
133(1)
Key Terms
133(1)
Questions to Think About
134(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading and Viewing
134(2)
Psychology and Culture
136(35)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
137(3)
Culture, Personality, and the Self
140(12)
Childhood
140(1)
Margaret Mead and the Cultural Construction of Puberty and Gender
141(3)
From ``National Culture'' to Cultural Themes
144(8)
Focus Culture: Cultural Themes in Vietnam
152(4)
Privacy and the Self
154(2)
Learning Styles
156(1)
The Cycle of Learning
156(1)
Teaching and Learning Styles
156(1)
Cognition
157(2)
Cognitive Style and Intelligence
157(2)
Doing Anthropology: A New Intelligence Test
159(3)
Organization of Knowledge
160(2)
Emotions
162(5)
Cultural Display Rules
162(3)
Translating Emotions into Words
165(1)
Grief: Emotion and Culture
165(2)
Seeing Anthropology: Cultural Themes in Vietnam: How to Behave (Chuyen Tu Te)
167(1)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Individualism and Groupism in Mr. Baseball
168(1)
Chapter Summary
168(1)
Key Terms
169(1)
Questions to Think About
169(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
169(2)
Patterns of Production
171(31)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
172(1)
Cultural Adaptation and Production
173(5)
Technology
175(1)
What Does the Environment Determine?
176(2)
The Division of Labor
178(3)
Specialization: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
178(2)
Division of Labor by Age and Gender
180(1)
Food Production Strategies
181(10)
Foraging
182(5)
Animal Husbandry and Pastoralism
187(2)
Farming
189(2)
Focus Culture: Horticulture of the Grand Valley Dani
191(6)
Food Production Strategies in Industrial Societies
194(3)
Doing Anthropology: Food Production Strategies in a Supermarket Culture
197(1)
Seeing Anthropology: A Horticultural Strategy: Dani Sweet Potatoes
197(1)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Family Farms in The Milagro Beanfield War
198(1)
Chapter Summary
199(1)
Key Terms
200(1)
Questions to Think About
200(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
200(2)
Distribution and Consumption
202(28)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
203(1)
Distribution: Mechanisms of Exchange
203(11)
Generalized Reciprocity
204(8)
Balanced and Negative Reciprocity
212(1)
Redistribution
213(1)
Focus Culture: The Redistributive Cargo System of the Zinacantan Mayans of Chiapas, Mexico
214(5)
Seeing Anthropology: Appeals to Santiago
219(3)
Market Exchange
220(2)
Doing Anthropology: Your Own Transactions
222(1)
Consumption---Food
222(4)
Foods That Are Not Eaten
222(2)
Eating Together: Social and Ritual
224(1)
Foodways and Nutritional Anthropology
225(1)
Doing Anthropology: Global Consumption
226(1)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: The Mystique of Food in Tampopo
226(1)
Chapter Summary
227(1)
Key Terms
228(1)
Questions to Think About
228(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
228(2)
Marriage and Family
230(40)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
231(1)
Definitions and Functions of Marriage
231(3)
Forms of Marriage
234(3)
Arranged Marriages versus Love Marriages
234(3)
Doing Anthropology: Schemas of Love and Marriage
237(4)
Monogamy versus Polygamy
238(3)
Marriage as Exchange
241(4)
Bride Wealth and Dowry
241(2)
Bride Service Societies
243(2)
Marriage Rules
245(7)
Marrying Out (Exogamy) and Marrying In (Endogamy)
245(2)
Incest Prohibitions
247(3)
Cousin Marriages
250(1)
Social Repairs: Preserving Lines of Descent
250(2)
Social Repairs: Saving the Alliance
252(1)
Focus Culture: Marriage and Family in India
252(5)
Family and Household Forms
257(2)
Postmarital Residence Patterns
259(3)
Seeing Anthropology: A Joint Family in North India: Dadi's Family
262(2)
Changing Family Forms in Western Cultures
264(2)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Family Forms in My Big Fat Greek Wedding
266(1)
Chapter Summary
267(1)
Key Terms
268(1)
Questions to Think About
268(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
268(2)
Social Organization and Kinship
270(29)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
271(2)
Class as Category
273(2)
Studying Class, Power, and Inequality
274(1)
Descent Groups
275(3)
Lineages, Clans, and Sibs
276(1)
Phratries and Moieties
276(2)
Patrilineal Descent
278(1)
Focus Culture: Patrilineal Descent of the Nuer of the Upper Nile
278(11)
Matrilineal Descent and the Minangkabau
282(2)
Challenges to Unilineal Descent Systems
284(4)
Non-Unilineal Descent
288(1)
Kinship Terminology Systems
289(4)
Diagramming the Kin Universe
289(1)
Culture-Neutral Kinship Analysis
290(2)
Using an Emic Approach
292(1)
Non-Kin Groupings
293(1)
Organization by Age
293(1)
Voluntary Associations
293(1)
Doing Anthropology: A Second Look at Your Social Groups
294(1)
Seeing Anthropology: Social Organization and The Nuer
294(1)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Social Organization in Whale Rider
295(1)
Chapter Summary
296(1)
Key Terms
297(1)
Questions to Think About
297(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
298(1)
Power and Politics
299(32)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
300(1)
Power
300(6)
Big Men and Chiefs
301(1)
The Political Organization of Societies
302(1)
Power Differentials
303(3)
Social Control
306(4)
Studying the Laws of Others
306(3)
Cultural Norms
309(1)
Doing Anthropology: Backpacks on Campus
310(5)
Transgressions
311(2)
Conflict Resolution
313(2)
Focus Culture: Adjudication in a Kpelle Village
315(2)
Seeing Anthropology: The Cows of Dolo Ken Paye: Resolving Conflict among the Kpelle
317(3)
Patterns and Causes of War
320(4)
Causes of War
322(1)
The Nature of War
323(1)
The Nature of Peace
324(3)
The End of War
324(2)
Peace as a Social Condition
326(1)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Slavery, Revolt, and Adjudication in Amistad
327(1)
Chapter Summary
328(1)
Key Terms
329(1)
Questions to Think About
329(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
330(1)
Facing the Supernatural: Magic, Religion, and Ritual
331(36)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
332(1)
Looking for the Roots of Religion
333(2)
Magic, Science, and Religion
334(1)
Doing Anthropology: Magic, Science, and Religion
335(2)
The Anxiety Theory of Religion
335(1)
Sympathetic Magic
336(1)
Sacred Power
337(14)
Soul Matter
338(1)
Mana and Taboo
339(1)
Totems
340(5)
Human Mediators of Sacred Powers
345(4)
Augury
349(2)
Rituals
351(4)
Rites of Passage
351(2)
Rites of Intensification
353(2)
World Religions and Local Practices
355(1)
Focus Culture: Religion and Ritual in Egypt
356(5)
Seeing Anthropology: El Sebou': Egyptian Birth Ritual
361(2)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Tibetan Buddhism in The Cup (Phorpa)
363(2)
Chapter Summary
365(1)
Key Terms
365(1)
Questions to Think About
366(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
366(1)
The Cultural Construction of Gender and Sexuality
367(27)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
368(1)
Differentiating Sexuality and Gender
368(1)
How Many Genders? How Many Sexualities? The Puzzle of Homosexuality
369(3)
The Role of Gender in Society
372(5)
The Impact of the Feminist Perspective
372(3)
Gender in Politics and Economics
375(2)
Manifestations of Sexuality
377(1)
Sexuality as Biological Procreation
377(1)
Sexuality in Art
377(1)
Sexuality in Attire
377(1)
Doing Anthropology: Expressive Clothing
378(1)
Gender-Specific Alterations of the Body
379(4)
Genital Alterations
379(3)
Exaggerations of Women's Bodies
382(1)
Sexual Ethos
383(2)
Sexually Permissive Cultures: Polynesia
383(1)
Sexually Restrictive Cultures: Inis Beag
384(1)
Sexually Indifferent Cultures: The Dani
385(1)
Focus Culture: Gender and Sexuality of the Ju/'hoansi
385(3)
Seeing Anthropology: Sexuality and Change in the Life of a Ju/'hoan Woman: N!ai: The Story of a !Kung Woman
388(2)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Femininity and Football in Multicultural Britain: Bend It Like Beckham
390(1)
Chapter Summary
391(1)
Key Terms
392(1)
Questions to Think About
392(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading and Viewing
392(2)
Culture Change
394(22)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
395(1)
Forces of Change
396(6)
Change Due to Contact through Trade
396(1)
Diffusion
397(1)
Modernization
398(2)
Innovation: The Internal Dynamics of Change
400(1)
Change in Language
401(1)
Doing Anthropology: Nailing Down Language Change
402(1)
Focus Culture: The Changing Trobriand Islands
402(5)
Revitalization Movements
405(2)
Indigenous Rights in a Changing World
407(3)
Rights to Resources: Land and Water
408(1)
Intellectual Property Rights
409(1)
Transnationalism
410(1)
Seeing Anthropology: Trobriand Cricket: An Ingenious Response to Colonialism
411(2)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Rediscovering Native American Cultural Identity in Smoke Signals
413(1)
Chapter Summary
414(1)
Key Terms
414(1)
Questions to Think About
414(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
415(1)
Medical Anthropology and the Future
416(18)
Press Watch: Headline Anthropology
417(1)
Medical Anthropology
418(1)
Local Knowledge
418(1)
Seeing Anthropology: Indigenous Interpretation and Treatment of Illness: The Medium Is the Masseuse: A Balinese Massage
418(6)
Pain---Acute and Chronic
420(1)
Menopause
421(2)
Immigrant Health Care
423(1)
Focus Culture: The Suffering and Pain of the Khmer
424(2)
Seeing Anthropology: House of the Spirit: Perspectives on Cambodian Health Care
426(4)
The Anthropology of HIV/AIDS
428(2)
Doing Anthropology: Illness and Culture
430(1)
Final Thoughts
430(1)
Hollywood-Style Anthropology: Medical Anthropology and Medicine Man
431(1)
Chapter Summary
432(1)
Key Terms
432(1)
Questions to Think About
432(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
433(1)
Appendix: Thinking about Ethnographic Films 434(7)
Glossary 441(13)
Bibliography 454(23)
Index 477

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