Sensation and Perception

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1992-01-01
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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This book sets the standard in bringing technical scientific information on the subject of sensation and perception to a wide audience with outstanding readability and thorough coverage. Retaining its traditionally clear and accessible writing style, this new edition boasts a thoroughly revised art program and over 1,300 new references. The motion chapter now focuses solely on visual motion perception, so it appears earlier in the book. In addition, the book includes thirteen In-Depth sections, each of which explore a current ¿hot¿ research topic to provide a sense of how researchers ask questions with subjects varying from the role of face recognition in eyewitness testimony to phantom limb perception.

Table of Contents

Preview of the Book
Overview of Theoretical Approaches to Sensation and Perception
The Empiricist Approach •
The Gestalt Approach •
The Behaviorist Approach •
The Gibsonian Approach •
The Information- Processing Approach •
The Computational Approach
Themes of the Book
How to Use This Book
Research Methods
Measuring Responses To Low-Intensity Stimuli
Classical Psychophysical Measurement of Detection •
Signal Detection Theory •
In-Depth:Signal Detection Theory Applied to Face Recognition •
Two-Alternative Forced Choice Procedure
Measuring Responses to More Intense Stimuli
Classical Psychophysical Measurement of Discrimination •
Relationship Between Physical Stimuli and Psychological Reactions
The Visual System
Visual Stimulus
Structure and Function of the Eye
Cornea, Sclera, and Anterior Chamber •
Pupil and Iris •
Lens •
Retina •
Posterior Chamber
Structure and Function of the Retina
Photoreceptors •
Vertical Connections: Bipolar and Ganglion Cells •
Lateral Connections: Horizontal and Amacrine Cells
Pathways from the Retina to the Visual Cortex
Retinal Origins of Two Parallel Visual Pathways •
Initial Stages of the Visual Pathways •
Visual Cortex •
In-Depth:Beyond the Primary Visual Cortex •
Concluding Remarks about the Visual System
Basic Visual Functions
Prerequisites for Normal Vision
Edges are Important •
Change is Important •
Higher-Level Processes Are Important •
Experience is Important
Perceiving Light Energy
Lightness Perception •
In-Depth:Lightness Constancy
Measuring Acuity •
Factors Affecting Acuity
Eye Movements
Version Movements •
Vergence Movements
Visual Pattern Perception
Approaches to Shape and Pattern Perception
Spatial Frequency Analysis Approach •
Gestalt Approach •
In-Depth:Modern Gestalt Research •
Computational Approach •
Feature-Integration Approach •
Prototype-Matching Approach
Influence of Context on Shape and Pattern Perception
Perceiving Objects in the Context of Scenes •
Perceiving Letters in the Context of Words •
Illusory Contours •
Distortions of Shape Due to Context
Selected Topics in Shape and Pattern Perception
The Role of Time in Shape Perception •
Effects of Stimulus Orientation •
Ambiguous Figures •
Shape Constancy
Distance and Size Perception
Distance Perception. Monocular Cues to Distance Perception •
Representing Three-Dimensional Space in Two Dimensions •
In-Depth:Binocular Cues to Distance Perception •
Theories of Distance Perception •
Perceiving a Three-Dimensional World
Size Perception
Factors Influencing Size Perception •
Size Constancy
Illusions of Distance and Size
Illusions Involving Line Length or Distance •
Explanations for Line-Length and Distance Illusions •
Illusions Involving Area
Color. Nature of Color
Color Mixing
Subtractive Mixtures •
Additive Mixtures
Color Vision Theory
Trichromatic Theory and the Photoreceptors •
Opponent-Process Theory and Mechanisms Beyond the Photoreceptors •
In-Depth:Color Coding Beyond the Photoreceptors •
Achromatopsia and the Color Center
Color Vision Deficiencies
Kinds of Color Deficiencies •
Diagnosing Color Deficiencies
Color Phenomena
Simultaneous Color Contrast •
Successive Color Contrast •
Color Constancy &
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