Sense and Nonsense About Crime and Drugs A Policy Guide

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1997-10-21
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Walker's SENSE AND NONSENSE was the first book to challenge common misconceptions about crime and remains the most effective at doing so. Described as a "masterful critique" of American policies on everything from crime control to guns to drugs Walker cuts through myths and political rhetoric and confronts both conservative and liberal propositions relative to current research and proven effectiveness. The result is a research-based, lucid work that stimulates critical thinking and enlivens class discussions. Walker captures the complexity of the administration of justice while providing students with a clear sense of the general patterns.

Table of Contents

List of Propositionsp. XIII
Forewordp. XVI
Prefacep. XVIII
Thinking Clearly About Crimep. 1
Crime and Policy: A Complex Problemp. 3
The Miracle of Falling Crime Ratesp. 3
Is It for Real?p. 4
The Great American Paternity Fightp. 5
Understanding the Crime Problemp. 6
America's Two Crime Problemsp. 6
Waging War on Crimep. 8
Race and the War on Crimep. 9
The War on Crime and the Criminal Justice Systemp. 11
The Futility of Waging "War" on Crimep. 11
Crime Policy: A Plague of Nonsensep. 12
The Ground Rulesp. 13
Thinking Clearly about Crime Preventionp. 14
Reducing Crime: The New Community Focusp. 15
The Larger Context: Recent Social Trendsp. 16
Guilty: Liberals and Conservativesp. 17
Crime Control Theologyp. 17
Conservative Theologyp. 18
Liberal Theologyp. 20
A Word about Rulesp. 21
Ideological Confusion: Switching Sidesp. 22
Conclusionp. 22
Notesp. 23
Models of Criminal Justicep. 26
The Crime Commission's Modelp. 28
The Criminal Justice Wedding Cakep. 29
Celebrated Cases: The Top Layerp. 29
Serious Felonies: The Second and Third Layerp. 31
Prior Relationship: A Policy Dilemmap. 36
Hard or Soft on Crime? Unraveling the Paradoxp. 36
The Lower Depths: The Fourth Layerp. 37
Conclusionp. 38
Notesp. 39
The Going Ratep. 41
Evaluating the Systemp. 41
The Funnelp. 43
Rejections and Dismissals: Loophole?p. 46
From Indictment to Punishmentp. 50
An International Perspective on the Going Ratep. 51
The Courtroom Work Groupp. 52
The Limits of Reformp. 54
The Dynamics of Reformp. 55
Criminal Justice Thermodynamicsp. 55
How Many Mistakes?p. 57
Conclusionp. 58
Notesp. 59
The Career Criminalp. 62
Wolfgang's Birth Cohortp. 62
Other Cohort Studiesp. 64
From Research to Policyp. 66
The Prediction Problemp. 67
The Rand Selective Incapacitation Studyp. 69
How Much Crime Do They Do?p. 71
Conclusionp. 72
Notesp. 73
"Get Tough": The Conservative Attack on Crimep. 75
Unleash the Cops!p. 77
More Copsp. 77
The Police and Crimep. 78
The Lessons of Kansas Cityp. 79
Focused Police Officer Activitiesp. 82
Sorting Out the Issuesp. 84
Faster Response Timep. 85
More Detectivesp. 86
Myths and Realities of Detective Workp. 86
Targeting Career Criminalsp. 88
Eliminate the "Technicalities"p. 89
Repeal the Exclusionary Rulep. 89
Abolish Mirandap. 93
Conclusionp. 95
Notesp. 95
Deter the Criminalsp. 99
Deterrence Theoryp. 99
Assumptions Underlying Deterrencep. 100
From Theory to Practice: Four Problemsp. 102
The Risk of Crime: Some Preliminary Evidencep. 102
The Death Penaltyp. 103
Sorting Out the Issuesp. 103
Executions and Crimes: Sellin's Studiesp. 104
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bulletsp. 105
Delays and Deterrencep. 106
Brutilization Theory?p. 107
Summaryp. 107
Deterring the Drunk Driverp. 107
The "Killer Drunk" and Other Mythsp. 107
Deterrence and Drunk Drivingp. 109
Drunk Drivers in Courtp. 111
Crackdown Costsp. 113
Some Good News: Alternative Strategies for Dealing with Drunk Driversp. 113
Deterring Burglars and Robbersp. 115
The Rand Inmate Surveyp. 116
Deterring Domestic Violencep. 117
Conclusionp. 118
Notesp. 119
Lock 'Em Upp. 121
Getting Criminals off the Streetp. 121
Preventive Detentionp. 122
A Short History of Bail Reformp. 122
Preventive Detention in Operation: Washington, D.C.p. 123
The 1984 Federal Bail Reform Actp. 124
Crime on Bail: Myths and Realityp. 125
The Prediction Problem Revisitedp. 127
Speedy Trial: A Better Wayp. 129
Incapacitationp. 129
Selective Incapacitation: The Rand Formulap. 129
Gross Incapacitation: Zedlewski's New Mathp. 132
Incapacitation: A Sober Estimatep. 134
Mandatory Sentencingp. 135
Two Case Studiesp. 136
Mandatory Sentencing and Crimep. 139
Three Strikes--We Are All Outp. 140
Implementationp. 141
Impactp. 141
Summary--Striking Outp. 142
Conclusionp. 143
Notesp. 143
Close the Loopholesp. 147
Prosecute the Career Criminalp. 147
Getting Tough in San Diegop. 147
Other Prosecution Programsp. 149
Abolish the Insanity Defensep. 150
Sorting Out the Issuesp. 151
The Reality of the Insanity Defensep. 151
Aftermath of Acquittalp. 152
Danger to the Communityp. 153
The Impact of Abolitionp. 153
Abolish Plea Bargainingp. 156
Alaska Bans Plea Bargainingp. 157
Other Experimentsp. 159
In Search of Plea Bargainsp. 159
Restrict Appealsp. 161
Limiting Appealsp. 161
Appeals in Practicep. 162
Conclusionp. 163
Notesp. 163
The Middle Ground: Guns and Victimsp. 167
Protect Crime Victimsp. 169
The Victims' Rights Movementp. 170
The Costs of Crimep. 172
New Laws and Programsp. 172
Critics of the Movementp. 172
Sorting Out the Issuesp. 172
Criteria for Evaluationp. 173
Victim Assistance Programsp. 174
Police-Victim Recontactp. 175
Victim Compensationp. 176
Expanding the Victim's Voicep. 177
The Impact of Victim's Voice Lawsp. 178
Speedy Trialp. 179
Getting Tough on Crimep. 180
Mandatory Arrest for Domestic Violencep. 181
Conclusionp. 181
Notesp. 182
Control Gun Crimesp. 184
The Problem with Guns--and Gun Policyp. 184
Gun Ownership and Gun-Related Violencep. 186
Types of Gunsp. 186
Gun Ownershipp. 186
Handgun-Related Violencep. 187
Handguns as Self-Protectionp. 187
Gun-Related Lawsp. 188
The Policy Alternativesp. 188
Public Attitudes toward Gun Controlp. 189
Ban Handgunsp. 189
Ban Possessionp. 189
The Limits of "Banning" Handgunsp. 190
Ban Bulletsp. 191
Ban the Manufacture and Importation of Handgunsp. 191
Buy Back Handgunsp. 191
Buy Saturday Night Specialsp. 192
Ban Assault Weaponsp. 192
Summaryp. 193
Regulate the Sale and Possession of Handgunsp. 193
Restrict the Use of Handgunsp. 195
Restrict the Carrying of Handgunsp. 195
Boston: Operation Cease Firep. 197
Guns at Airports and Schoolsp. 198
Get Guns Off the Street: The Kansas City Experimentp. 199
More Guns?p. 200
Get Tough on Weapons Offensesp. 200
Getting Tough in Detroitp. 201
Conclusionp. 202
Notesp. 203
Reform: the Liberal Prescriptionp. 207
Treat 'Em!p. 209
Rehabilitating Criminalsp. 209
The Philosophy of Rehabilitationp. 209
The Politics of Rehabilitation: The Willie Horton Furloughp. 210
The "Nothing Works" Controversyp. 211
Was Martinson Right?p. 212
The Prediction Problem Revisitedp. 212
Traditional Rehabilitation Programsp. 213
Diversionp. 213
Probationp. 216
Parolep. 219
The New Intermediate Punishmentsp. 222
Boot Campsp. 222
Intensive Probation Supervisionp. 224
Home Confinement and Electronic Monitoringp. 227
Summary: Lessons of the Intermediate Punishment Movementp. 228
Restorative Justicep. 229
Restorative Justice in Operationp. 230
Conclusion: Is Rehab Running on Empty?p. 231
Notesp. 232
Reform the Law and the Systemp. 236
Eliminate Injusticep. 236
Does Justice Matter?p. 238
Decriminalizationp. 239
The Rationale for Decriminalizationp. 240
The Terms of the Debatep. 242
The Impact of Decriminalizationp. 243
Summaryp. 245
Conclusionp. 245
Notesp. 246
The Drug Problemp. 249
Sense and Nonsense about Drugsp. 251
The Drug Problemp. 251
Hysteria over Drugsp. 251
Myths and Realities about Drugs and Crimep. 252
The Drug Policy Choicesp. 255
The War on Drugs: Policy and Consequencesp. 256
The Impact of the War on Drugsp. 257
Police Crackdownsp. 258
Interdiction and Eradicationp. 259
Tougher Sentencingp. 260
Limits of the Criminal Law: The Lessons of Historyp. 261
The Lessons of Historyp. 262
When Social Control Does Workp. 262
Demand Reduction: Drug Educationp. 263
"Just Say No"p. 263
DARE: Success or Failure?p. 264
But Some Education Programs Do Workp. 265
Drug Treatmentp. 266
Varieties of Treatmentp. 267
Does Treatment Work?p. 267
But Something Positive Has Happenedp. 269
Legalize Drugs?p. 270
Varieties of Legalizationp. 271
The Impact of Legalizationp. 272
A Specific Proposalp. 272
Conclusionp. 275
Notesp. 275
Conclusionsp. 281
In the end: What Works?p. 283
A Great American Paternity Fightp. 284
A Quick Review of What We Have Learnedp. 285
Crime Prevention: The Maryland Reportp. 287
Conclusionp. 290
Notesp. 290
Indexp. 293
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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