9780195155020

Simple Logic

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195155020

  • ISBN10:

    0195155025

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1998-07-24
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Written by an accomplished teacher, scholar, and writer, Simple Logic is unique in its sensitivity to today's student audience; it provides philosophical writing samples that are interesting and relevant to students' lives. Daniel Bonevac's clear writing style and careful presentation helpstudents to easily understand key concepts, terms, and examples. He features a multitude of stimulating examples drawn from literary texts and contemporary culture, from figures as varied as Voltaire, Confucius, and Bart Simpson. Simple Logic succeeds in conveying the standard topics in introductory logic with easy-to-understand explanations of rules and methods, while concentrating the discussion on fundamental topics taught by the majority of logic instructors.

Table of Contents

Logic and Language
Reasoning
Premises and Conclusions
Recognizing Arguments
Extended Arguments
Validity and Strength
Implication and Equivalence
Form and Invalidity
Language
Reason and Emotion
Goals of Definition
Means of Definition
Criteria for Definitions
Informal Fallacies
Fallacies of Evidence
Fallacies of Relevance: Credibility
Fallacies of Relevance: Confusion
Fallacies of Relevance: Manipulation
Inductive Fallacies
Fallacies of Clarity
Aristotelian Logic
Categorical Propositions
Kinds of Categorical Proposition
Categorical Propositions in Natural Language
Diagramming Categorical Propositions
Immediate Inference
The Aristotelian Square of Opposition
The Modern Square of Opposition
Syllogisms
Standard Form
Venn Diagrams
Distribution
Rules for Validity
Reduction
Symbolic Logic
Propositional Logic
Connectives
Truth Functions
Symbolization
A Symbolic Language
Logical Properties of Statements
Truth Tables for Statements
Truth Tables for Symbolic Arguments
Semantic Tableaux
Motivation
Tableaux
Negation, Conjunction, and Disjunction
Policies
The Conditional and Biconditional
Other Applications
Proof
Rules and Proofs
Rules of Implication I: Conjunctions and Conditionals
Rules of Implication II: Disjunctions
Rules of Replacement: Connectives
Rules of Replacement: Algebra
Categorical Proofs
Indirect Proofs
Predicate Logic
Quantifiers
Categorical Statement Forms
Symbolization
Quantified Tableaux
Quantified Proofs
Universal Generalization
Induction
Generalizations and Analogies
Inductive Strength
Enumeration
Statistical Generalizations
Analogies
Causes
Kinds of Causes
Agreement and Difference
Residues and Concomitant Variation
Explanations
Generalizations and Laws
The Hypothetico-Deductive Method
Confirmation and Auxiliary Assumptions
Evaluating Explanations
Answers to Selected Problems
Glossary
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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