Small Animal Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Disease: A Colour Handbook

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2011-10-15
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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American Veterinary Dental College, Academy of Veterinary Dentistry, California Veterinary Specialties Group, California, USA In an area of growing interest to veterinarians, the authors have produced a rapid reference to the practical clinical aspects of small animal dentistry; now revised and updated (2011) in paperback. The text is arranged to reflect the clinician's thinking and approach to problems: background information, clinical relevance, key points, differential diagnoses, diagnostic tests, and management. Some 400 top-quality illustrations, colour photos, imaging and diagrams provide a critically important complement to the text. This colour handbook offers real-life insights into the progression of oral disease and will be welcomed as a working resource by veterinary practitioners and students, and as a valuable review by more advanced veterinary dentist.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. 6
Prefacep. 7
Abbrevationsp. 8
Anatomy and Physiology
Canine dental anatomyp. 10
Feline dental anatomyp. 12
Rodent and lagomorph dental anatomyp. 13
Dental terminologyp. 14
Tooth developmentp. 17
Enamel, dentin, arid pulpp. 18
Periodontiump. 20
Bones of the face and jawsp. 22
Muscles, cheeks, and lipsp. 26
Neurovascular structuresp. 28
Joints of the headp. 31
Hard and soft palatesp. 32
Salivary glandsp. 36
Lymph nodes and tonsilsp. 38
Oral Examination
Step 1: Historyp. 40
Step 2: General physical examinationp. 41
Step 3: Orofacial examinationp. 42
Step 4: Conscious (awake) intraoral examinationp. 44
Step 5: The anesthetized orodental examinationp. 54
Veterinary Dental Radiology
Step 1: Patient positioningp. 64
Step 2: Film placement within the patient's mouthp. 64
Step 3: Positioning the beam headp. 65
Step 4: Setting the exposurep. 67
Step 5: Exposing the radiographp. 68
Step 6: Developing the radiographp. 69
Step 7: Techniques for various individual teethp. 72
Step 8: Interpreting dental radiographsp. 79
Pathology in the Pediatric Patient
Persistent deciduous teethp. 90
Fractured deciduous teethp. 93
Malocclusions (general)p. 95
Deciduous malocclusionsp. 96
Class I malocclusionsp. 98
Mesioversed maxillary canines (lance effect)p. 100
Base narrow caninesp. 102
Class II malocclusion (overshot, mandibular brachygnathism)p. 104
Class III malocclusion (undershot)p. 106
Class IV malocclusion (wry bite)p. 108
Cleft palatep. 110
Cleft lip (harelip)p. 112
Tight lipp. 113
Hypodontia/oligodontia and anodontia (congenially missing teeth)p. 114
Impacted or embedded (unerupted) teethp. 116
Dentigerous cyst (follicular cyst)p. 118
Odontomap. 119
Hairy tonguep. 121
Enamel hypocalcification (hypoplasia)p. 122
Feline juvenile (puberty) gingivitis/periodontitisp. 124
Oral papillomatosisp. 126
Pathologies of the Dental Hard Tissues
Uncomplicated crown fracture (closed crown fracture)p. 128
Complicated crown fracture (open crown fracture)p. 130
Caries (cavity, tooth decay)p. 133
Type 1 feline tooth resorption (TR)p. 136
Type 2 feline tooth resoqition (TR)p. 138
Enamel hypoplasia and hypocalcificationp. 140
Dental abrasionp. 142
Dental attritionp. 144
External resorptionp. 146
Internal resorptionp. 148
Intrinsic stains (endogenous stains)p. 149
Extrinsic stains (exogenous stains)p. 151
Primary endodontic lesion with secondary periodontal diseasep. 152
Primary periodontal lesion with secondary endodontic involvementp. 153
Combined endodontic and periodontal lesionp. 155
Idiopathic root resorptionp. 156
Problems with the Gingiva
Gingivitisp. 160
Periodontitisp. 164
Generalized gingival enlargement (gingival hyperplasia)p. 170
Traumap. 172
Epulidsp. 173
Gingivostomatitis (caudal stomatitis) in catsp. 176
Pathologies of the Oral Mucosa
Oronasal fistulap. 184
Eosinophilic granuloma complexp. 186
Chronic ulcerative paradental stomatitis (CUPS) (kissing lesions)p. 189
Immune-mediated diseases affecting the oral cavityp. 192
Uremic stomatitisp. 194
Candidiasis (thrush)p. 195
Caustic burns of the oral cavityp. 197
Problems with Muscles, Bones, and Joints
Masticatory myositisp. 200
Craniomandibular osteopathyp. 202
Idiopathic trigeminal neuritisp. 204
Temporomandibular joint luxationp. 205
Temporomandibular joint dysplasiap. 206
Fracturesp. 207
Traumatic tooth avulsion and luxationp. 214
Root fracturesp. 216
Osteomyelitisp. 217
Tumors and cystsp. 218
Hyperparathyroidismp. 221
Tetanusp. 222
Botulismp. 224
Malignant Oral Neoplasia
Introductionp. 226
Malignant melanomap. 228
Fibrosarcomap. 230
Squamous cell carcinomap. 232
HistologicalIy low grade, biologically high-grade, fibrosarcomap. 234
Osteosarcomap. 235
Pathologies of the Salivary System
Sialocelesp. 238
Salivary gland tumorsp. 240
Sialoliths (salivary stones)p. 241
Appendicesp. 243
Referencesp. 249
Indexp. 267
Anatomy and Physiology John R. Lewis, VMD, FAVD, DAVDC Assistant Professor of Dentistry and Oral Surgery
Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
Alexander M Reiter, Dipl Tzt, Dr med vet, DAVDC, EVDC Assistant Professor of Dentistry and Oral Surgery
Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA'
Oral Examination Lee Jane Huffrnan, DVM, DAVDC
Pet Emergency Clinics and Specialty Hospital, Ventura and Thousand Oaks, USA This chapter is dedicated with all my love to Rebeckah, Nonatime, and my wee Monsieur'.
Veterinary Dental Radiology Brook A. Niemiec DVM, DAVDC, FAVD vetdentalrad.com
Pathology in the Pediatric Patient Brook A. Niemiec DVM, DAVDC, FAVD
Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties, San Diego, USA
Pathologies of the Dental Hard Tissues Gregg DuPont DVM, DAVDC
Shoreline Veterinary Dental Clinic, Seattle, USA
Problems with the Gingiva Linda DeBowes DVM, MS, DACVIM, DAVDC Shoreline Veterinary Dental Clinic, Seattle, USA
Pathologies of the Oral Mucosa Brook A. Niemiec DVM, DAVDC, FAVD Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties, San Diego, USA
Problems with Muscles, Bones, and Joints
Kendall G. Taney, DVM, DAVDC, FAVD Center for Veterinary Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Mark M. Smith, VMD, DACVS, DAVDC Center for Veterinary Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Malignant Oral Neoplasia Ravinder S. Dhaliwal DVM, MS, DACVIM, DAB VP
Pet Care Veterinary Hospital, Santa Rosa, CA, USA This chapter is dedicated to my two little angels, Siona and Nikita, who have given a new perspective to my life.
Pathologies of the Salivary System Brook A. Niemiec DVM, DAVDC, FAVD Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties, San Diego, USA
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


FOREWORDVeterinary dentistry has exploded as a discipline within veterinary medicine over the past 20+ years,primarily due to the tireless efforts of those clinicians in the 1970s and early 1980s who took an oftenoverlooked area of the patient, and turned it into a focus of major significance. Thanks to thesepioneers in veterinary dentistry, many of us found our calling within veterinary medicine and providea valuable service to animals throughout the world. In the early days of veterinary dentistry, thosewho had a special interest in dentistry would gather together and discuss conditions and treatmentsthey had found to be particularly helpful or successful. Out of these meetings rose the organizationof the American Veterinary Dental Society and the Veterinary Dental Forum. The Veterinary DentalForum has grown to an annual meeting of nearly 1000 participants, a far cry from the early days ofgetting together around a cold beverage to talk about your most challenging/rewarding cases! Alsoblossoming out of the efforts of these pioneers has come the Journal of Veterinary Dentistry, aquarterly publication that is currently recognized internationally as the journal of record for veterinarydentistry. All these efforts were to help educate veterinarians about veterinary dentistry and to elevatethe practice of veterinary medicine in general.Though many aspects of veterinary dentistry are continuously evolving, one constant is the clinicalpracticality of veterinary dentistry. This is reflected in the organization and thought processthroughout this book. Dr. Niemiec does an excellent job presenting many dental conditions from avery practical standpoint. Beginning with the initial oral examination, through the diagnosticprocedures, such as dental radiography, Dr. Niemiec provides pragmatic tips along the way. Readingthis text is similar to the way practitioners think through diagnostic challenges within their ownpractices. From the early chapters that focus on the normal oral/dental anatomy through the oralexamination and diagnostics for all areas of the mouth, this text is a valuable reference for both thegeneral practitioner and the seasoned veterinary dentist.Those of us, like Dr. Niemiec, who have walked in the footsteps of those pioneers of the earlydays of veterinary dentistry, can only hope to carry on the tradition of educating others in our questto relieve unnecessary patient suffering. This book is an excellent tribute to those practitioners.With gratitude and thanks,Michael Peak, DVM, DAVDCImmediate Past-President, American Veterinary Dental CollegePREFACEThis book is designed to be a quick reference for practitioners to identify the common oralpathologies in the dog and cat. All pathologies are demonstrated by typical photographic and, insome cases, radiographic examples. Along with the graphic examples is a concise but complete andcurrent description of the pathology. The description includes etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features,differential diagnoses, diagnostic tests, and treatment/management. Each topic is then summarizedin easy-to-read key points. This format will make identification and initial therapy of oral diseasesmuch more efficient.The first three chapters set a foundation for assessing and diagnosing oral pathology. Chapter oneis a review of oral anatomy and physiology. In the style of the book, this is supported with numerousfull color images. Chapter two presents a stepwise guide on how to perform a proper oralexamination. These techniques will allow practitioners to find the subtle pathologies listed withinthe book. Finally, dental radiology is presented. The first part of chapter three discusses propertechniques for obtaining quality dental radiographs, and the latter part discusses proper diagnosis ofdental radiographs with high-quality digital images.Following this introduction, the book is presented by anatomic areas, to ease identification ofunknown pathology. These areas include problems with the: te

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