Small Groups: Key Readings

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2006-03-13
  • Publisher: Psychology Pres

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Research on small groups is highly diverse because investigators who study such groups vary in their disciplinary identifications, theoretical interests, and methodological preferences. The goal of this volume is to capture that diversity, and thereby convey the breadth and excitement of small group research by acquainting students with work on five fundamental aspects of groups. These are: group composition (the number and type of people who belong to the group); group structure (the status systems, norms, and roles that constrain interactions among group members); group conflict (arising from competition among members for scarce resources, both tangible and intangible); group performance (cooperative efforts among members to create joint products and achieve common goals); and group ecology (the physical, social, and temporal environments in which the group operates). Although these five aspects of groups are all important, they have not received equal research attention. In an effort to reflect thisrelative interest, more space has been devoted to conflict and performance than to composition, structure, and ecology. The volume also includes an introductory chapter by the editors which provides an overview of the history of and current state-of-the-art in the field. Together with introductions to each section, discussion questions and suggestions for further reading, make the volume an ideal text for senior undergraduate and graduate courses on group dynamics.

Table of Contents

About the Editors xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Small Groups: An Overview 1(10)
John M. Levine
Richard L. Moreland
PART 1 Group Composition
The Contribution of Influence and Selection to Adolescent Peer Group Homogeneity: The Case of Adolescent Cigarette Smoking
Susan T. Ennett
Karl E. Bauman
Some Effects of Proportions on Group Life: Skewed Sex Ratios and Responses to Token Women
Rosabeth Moss Kanter
Effects of Crew Composition on Crew Performance: Does the Whole Equal the Sum of Its Parts?
Aharon Tziner
Dov Eden
PART 2 Group Structure
Status, Expectations, and Behavior: A Meta-Analytic Review and Test of the Theory
James E. Driskell
Brian Mullen
Asymmetries in Attachments to Groups and to Their Members: Distinguishing Between Common-Identity and Common-Bond Groups
Deborah A. Prentice
Dale T. Miller
Jenifer R. Lightdale
The ``Friendly'' Poker Game: A Study of an Ephemeral Role
Louis A. Zurcher, Jr.
PART 3 Conflict in Groups
Effects of Group Identity on Resource Use in a Simulated Commons Dilemma
Roderick M. Kramer
Marilynn B. Brewer
Status, Ideology, and Integrative Complexity on the U.S. Supreme Court: Rethinking the Politics of Political Decision Making
Deborah H. Gruenfeld
Being Better by Being Right: Subjective Group Dynamics and Derogation of In-Group Deviants When Generic Norms are Undermined
Jose M. Marques
Dominic Abrams
Rui G. Serodio
Does Power Corrupt?
David Kipnis
PART 4 Group Performance
A: Decision Making
Collective Induction
Patrick R. Laughlin
Thomas A. Shippy
Social Transition Schemes: Charting the Group's Road to Agreement
Norbert L. Kerr
Pooling of Unshared Information in Group Decision Making: Biased Information Sampling During Discussion
Garold Stasser
William Titus
Threat, Cohesion, and Group Effectiveness: Testing a Social Identity Maintenance Perspective on Groupthink
Marlene E. Turner
Anthony R. Pratkanis
Preston Probasco
Craig Leve
The Effects of Repeated Expressions on Attitude Polarization During Group Discussions
Markus Brauer
Charles M. Judd
Melissa D. Gliner
Many Hands Make Light the Work: The Causes and Consequences of Social Loafing
Bibb Latane
Kipling Williams
Stephen Harkins
Impact of Group Goals, Task Component Complexity, Effort, and Planning on Group Performance
Laurie R. Weingart
Transactive Memory: Learning Who Knows What in Work Groups and Organizations
Richard L. Moreland
Self-Monitoring and Trait-Based Variance in Leadership: An Investigation of Leader Flexibility Across Multiple Group Situations
Stephen J. Zaccaro
Roseanne J. Foti
David A. Kenny
The Contingency Model: A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness
Fred E. Fiedler
Self-Categorization and Leadership: Effects of Group Prototypicality and Leader Stereotypicality
Sarah C. Hains
Michael A. Hogg
Julie M. Duck
The Romance of Leadership
James R. Meindl
Sanford B. Ehrlich
Janet M. Dukerich
PART 5 Group Ecology
Coming Out in the Age of the Internet: Identity ``Demarginalization'' Through Virtual Group Participation
Katelyn Y. A. McKenna
John A. Bargh
Stability, Bistability, and Instability in Small Group Influence Patterns
Holly Arrow
Socialization in Organizations and Work Groups
Richard L. Moreland
John M. Levine
Beyond Task and Maintenance: Defining External Functions in Groups
Deborah Gladstein Ancona
David F. Caldwell
Appendix: How to Read a Journal Article in Social Psychology 515(10)
Christian H. Jordan
Mark P. Zarna
Author Index 525(14)
Subject Index 539

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