Social Psychology : Sociological Perspectives

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-03-05
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


<>This text,written by ateam of sociologists, introduces students to social psychology by focusing on the contributions of sociology to this field, and on the perspectives, theories, and issues that are of the greatest importance to sociology. This text emphasizes sociological work in the field, such as the effect of largersocial-structural conditions on individuals and groups, and theories/perspectives frommacrosociology. Also, it reflects more of the issues that sociologists are concerned with, such associal inequality, than psychology texts do. The 2nd edition now includesnewconcepts, theories, and methodologies such as frame analysis, identity control theory, and autoethnography, to name a few.

Author Biography

David Rohall (de-rohall@wiu.edu), received his Ph.D. in 2000 from University of Maryland-College Park, and is now Associate Professor of Sociology at Western Illinois University.  In addition to general courses in sociology, Dr. Rohall teaches courses in sociological social psychology, identity, and socialization.  His primary research interests lie within the social structure and personality perspective, including the study of how social structural conditions impact individuals' sense of self and their attitudes and beliefs about the world.


Melissa A. Milkie (mmilkie@socy.umd.edu) received her Ph.D. in 1995 from Indiana University, and is currently Professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland-College Park.  Her primary research interests, often framed within a symbolic interactionist perspective, include examining how cultural  ideals related to dimensions of stratification like gender, race, and social class influence the self-concept and mental health. Much of her recent work examines family and school contexts of children’s and adults’ mental health.


Jeffrey W. Lucas (jlucas@socy.umd.edu) received his Ph.D. in 2000 from the University of Iowa and is now Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland-College Park. His primary research interest, centrally located within the group processes perspective, is the experimental analysis of theories of basic social processes.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Perspectives and Methodsp. 1
Introduction to Sociological Social Psychologyp. 2
Sociology, Psychology, and Social Psychologyp. 4
Macrosociology and Microsociologyp. 5
Sociological and Psychological Social Psychologyp. 8
Historical Context of Sociological Social Psychologyp. 9
Section Summaryp. 12
Perspectives in Sociological Social Psychologyp. 12
Symbolic Imeractionismp. 13
Social Structure and Personalityp. 14
Group Processesp. 14
Section Summaryp. 15
Your Psychological Tool Kitp. 15
The Sociological Imaginationp. 15
Other Tools in Your Kitp. 16
Section Summaryp. 22
Bringing It All Togetherp. 22
Summaryp. 23
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 23
Discussion Questionsp. 24
Perspectives in Sociological Social Psychologyp. 25
The Symbolic Interaction Perspectivep. 26
Society and Agencyp. 27
Basic Principles of Symbolic Interactionismp. 27
Two Schools of Symbolic Interactionismp. 34
Section Summaryp. 36
The Social Structure and Personality Perspectivep. 37
The Components Principlep. 38
The Proximity Principlep. 40
The Psychology Principlep. 42
Section Summaryp. 43
The Group Process Perspectivep. 43
Studying Processesp. 45
Group Structuresp. 48
Relationships among Groupsp. 50
Section Summaryp. 50
Bringing It All Togetherp. 51
Summaryp. 51
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 52
Discussion Questionsp. 53
Studying Peoplep. 54
Basic Concepts and Issuesp. 55
Theories and Hypothesesp. 55
Independent and Dependent Variablesp. 57
Sampling Issuesp. 58
Reliability and Validityp. 59
Ethical Issues in Studying Peoplep. 59
Section Summaryp. 60
Different Ways to Study Peoplep. 60
Qualitative Methodsp. 62
Quantitative Methodsp. 65
Mixed-Method Approachesp. 73
Section Summaryp. 74
Steps in Developing Research Projectsp. 75
Assess Theory and Literaturep. 75
Develop Research Questions or Hypothesisp. 76
Choose Research Methodsp. 76
Conduct Data Analysisp. 77
Report Resultsp. 77
Section Summaryp. 79
Bringing It All Togetherp. 79
Summaryp. 80
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 80
Discussion Questionsp. 82
The Individual in Societyp. 83
The Social Psychology of Stratificationp. 84
Constructing Inequalitiesp. 85
Basic Stratification Processesp. 86
Doing Genderp. 89
Multiple Inequalities: "Doing Difference" and Intersectionalityp. 90
Section Summaryp. 93
Structures of Inequalityp. 94
The Wisconsin Model and Educationp. 95
Networks and Social Capitalp. 97
Education, Occupations, and Aspirationsp. 100
Section Summaryp. 103
Stratification Processes in Groupsp. 103
Status and Power in Social Exchange Processesp. 104
Status in Groupsp. 106
Power in Networksp. 112
The Difference Between Power and Statusp. 115
Section Summaryp. 117
Bringing It All Togetherp. 117
Summaryp. 118
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 118
Discussion Questionsp. 120
Self and Identityp. 121
The Self as Processp. 122
The I, the Me, and Self-Narrativesp. 123
Identity Theoryp. 125
Identify, Emotions, and Behaviorp. 127
Dramaturgical Sociology and the Presentation of Selfp. 128
Section Summaryp. 132
The Self and Social Structurep. 132
Evaluative Dimensions of the Self-Conceptp. 133
Measuring the Self-Conceptp. 138
Social Class, Race, and the Selfp. 141
Section Summaryp. 143
Identity and Group Processesp. 144
Social Identity Theoryp. 144
Section Summaryp. 146
Bringing It All Togetherp. 146
Summaryp. 147
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 147
Discussion Questionsp. 149
Socialization Over the Life Coursep. 150
Developing the Selfp. 151
Stages of Developmentp. 151
The Role of the Otherp. 152
The Sociology of Childhoodp. 154
Adult Socializationp. 157
Section Summaryp. 157
Structural and Time Dimensions of Socializationp. 158
The Life Coursep. 159
Agents of Socializationp. 167
Section Summaryp. 177
Group Processes and Socializationp. 178
Finding Socialization in Group Processesp. 178
Assessing the Effects of Socializationp. 180
Section Summaryp. 185
Bringing It All Togetherp. 185
Summaryp. 185
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 186
Discussion Questionsp. 187
Areas of Social Lifep. 189
The Social Psychology of Deviancep. 190
Interactionist Approaches to Deviancep. 191
Ethnomethodology and Deviancep. 192
Labeling Theory of Deviancep. 193
Section Summaryp. 201
Social Structure and Deviant Behaviorp. 201
Anomie and Social Strainp. 202
Social Control Theoryp. 204
Section Summaryp. 208
Group Relationships and Deviancep. 208
The Principles of Differential Association Theoryp. 209
Studying Deviance in a Labp. 213
Section Summaryp. 216
Bringing It All Togetherp. 217
Summaryp. 218
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 218
Discussion Questionsp. 220
Mental Health and Illnessp. 221
The Social Construction of Mental Healthp. 222
Defining Mental Illnessp. 223
Modified Labeling Theory and Mental Disordersp. 227
Section Summaryp. 228
Social Causes of Stressp. 229
Stressors and Outcomesp. 230
Mediating and Moderating Resourcesp. 231
Social and Economic Characteristics: The Epidemiology of Mental Healthp. 233
Section Summaryp. 239
Mental Health as a Status Characteristicp. 239
Mental Health and Selfhoodp. 240
Section Summaryp. 243
Bringing It All Togetherp. 244
Summaryp. 244
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 245
Discussion Questionsp. 246
Attitudes, Values, and Behaviorsp. 247
The Construction of Attitudesp. 248
Dimensions of Attitudesp. 248
Studying Behavior: How People Use Their Timep. 249
Linking Attitudes and Behaviorp. 251
Prejudicial Attitudes and Behaviorp. 254
Changing Prejudicial Attitudesp. 260
Section Summaryp. 261
Social Structure, Attitudes, and Behaviorp. 261
Attitudes and Agents of Socialisationp. 261
The Effects of Social Status on Attitudes and Behaviorp. 262
Attitudes across the Life Coursep. 265
Section Summaryp. 267
Group Processes and Attitudesp. 269
Status Construction Theoryp. 270
Social Identity Theory and Attitudesp. 272
Section Summaryp. 274
Bringing It All Togetherp. 274
Summaryp. 274
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 275
Discussion Questionsp. 276
The Sociology of Sentiment and Emotionp. 277
Constructing and Using Sentiment and Emotionsp. 279
The Dimensions and Components of Emotionsp. 280
Socialization of Emotionsp. 283
Identity, Interactions, and Emotionsp. 284
Society and Emotionsp. 287
Section Summaryp. 289
Structural Conditions Affecting Emotionsp. 289
Power, Status, and Emotionsp. 290
Feeling Rules and Normsp. 291
Section Summaryp. 296
Group Processes and Emotionsp. 296
Peelings and Social Exchangep. 297
Section Summaryp. 303
Bringing It All Togetherp. 303
Summaryp. 303
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 304
Discussion Questionsp. 306
Collective Behaviorp. 307
Constructing Collective Behaviorp. 309
Mass Hysteria Theoryp. 309
Rational Choice in Collective Behavior: Emergent Norm Theoryp. 316
Value-Added Theoryp. 318
Perception Control Theoryp. 320
Section Summaryp. 321
Structure of Crowds and Social Movementsp. 321
Social Structure and Social Movementsp. 322
Behavior during Collective Eventsp. 323
Collective Memoryp. 327
Section Summaryp. 328
Group Processes and Collective Behaviorp. 329
Section Summaryp. 331
Bringing It All Togetherp. 332
Summaryp. 332
Key Terms and Conceptsp. 333
Discussion Questionsp. 335
Referencesp. 337
Photo Creditp. 363
Indexp. 365
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