Social Stratification and Inequality

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-25
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

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The 8th edition of Social Stratification and Inequality continues to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date exploration of the economic and social divisions in human societies. While the book is grounded in the nature of social stratification in the United States, this edition maintains a commitment to keeping a global perspective. Extensive comparative information, as well as an overview of how, historically, social stratification has changed and evolved, gives readers a global perspective on class conflict. Praised for its thorough research and scholarship, Social Stratification and Inequality includes current statistics and the latest trends in the field, this new edition adds extensive new data on the growing inequality in the United States, the shrinking middle class, and the slowing of income mobility in recent years, as well as new data on poverty in this country and the world.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vi
Introductionp. 1
Perspectives and Concepts in the Study of Social Stratificationp. 1
Michaelp. 3
Davidp. 5
Definitions and Conceptsp. 9
Social Stratification in the Modern World Systemp. 13
The Organization of Chaptersp. 16
Summaryp. 18
Dimensions of Inequality in the United Statesp. 19
Income and Wealth Inequalityp. 21
Inequality in Basic Necessitiesp. 39
Health Inequalitiesp. 40
Unequal Political Outputsp. 43
Dimensions of Inequality: A Conclusionp. 49
Summaryp. 50
Social Stratification in Human Societies: The History of Inequalityp. 51
Varieties of Human Stratification Systemsp. 54
The Emergence of Inequality and Social Stratificationp. 63
The Reduction of Inequality with Industrial and Postindustrial Societiesp. 76
Conclusion: The History of Inequalityp. 79
Summaryp. 81
Notesp. 81
Explanations of Social Stratification: Stratification Theoriesp. 83
Social Stratification Theory: Early Statementsp. 83
Competing Paradigms in the Study of Social Stratificationp. 85
The Marxian Heritage in Social Stratification: The Development of a Critical-Conflict Paradigmp. 90
Social Changep. 95
The Marxian View of Classp. 97
Max Weber: An Alternative Conflict Paradigmp. 100
An Uncritical-Order Paradigm Matures: The Functional Theory of Émile Durkheimp. 108
The Classical Period of Sociological Theory: A Summaryp. 110
Summaryp. 112
Notesp. 113
Modern Theories of Social Stratificationp. 116
Views of Social Stratification in America: Early Yearsp. 117
Functional Theories of Social Stratificationp. 119
Conflict Theories of Social Stratificationp. 130
The Bases of Class Stratification and Class Locationp. 140
Theories of Social Stratification: A Conclusionp. 147
Summaryp. 147
Notep. 148
The American Class Structurep. 149
The Upper Classp. 149
Locating the Upper Classp. 150
Upper-Class Dominance Today?p. 157
The Upper Class as a Governing Classp. 157
The Upper Class: A Conclusionp. 177
Summaryp. 178
The Corporate Classp. 179
The Upper Class as Ruling Class: A Critiquep. 181
The Structure of Corporate Concentration: Foundation for a Corporate Classp. 183
Competing Capitalisms: A Conclusionp. 198
Summaryp. 201
The Middle and Working Classesp. 202
The Middle and Working Classes in the System of Social Stratificationp. 205
The Middle Class and Working Class: Recent Historical Changesp. 207
Some Consequences of Class Positionp. 214
Middle-Class and Working-Class Positions in the Structures of Economic and Political Powerp. 226
Summaiyp. 236
Poverty and the Political Economy of Welfarep. 237
A Brief History of Poverty in Americap. 241
Counting the Poorp. 244
The Extent of Poverty in the United Statesp. 248
Theories of Povertyp. 254
Class Conflict and the Welfare Statep. 267
Summaryp. 280
Gender Stratification and Inequalities: The Persistence of Ascriptionp. 282
Sex and Genderp. 285
Gender Inequalitiesp. 286
Educational Attainment and Genderp. 295
A History of Gender Stratificationp. 299
Theories of Gender Stratificationp. 302
Class Effects on Gender Income Inequalityp. 306
Summaryp. 310
Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity: The Persistence of Ascriptionp. 311
Race and Ethnicity: Some Definitionsp. 314
The Inequalities of Race and Ethnicityp. 315
A History of Race and Ethnic Stratificationp. 327
Global Immigration: A Comparative View of the New Dimensions of Global Race and Ethnic Conflictsp. 333
Theoretical Explanations of Race and Ethnic Inequalitiesp. 339
Summaryp. 345
The Process of Social Stratificationp. 347
Social Mobility: Class Ascription and Achievementp. 347
Social Mobilityp. 350
The Attainment Processp. 372
Summaryp. 390
The Process of Legitimationp. 392
The Microprocess of Legitimationp. 396
The Macroprocess of Legitimation: Building Support for Specific Forms of Inequalityp. 407
Summaryp. 421
Social Stratification beyond the United Statesp. 423
The World Stratification System: Dominance and Competition among Core Nationsp. 423
Characteristics of the World Stratification Systemp. 428
Development of the Modern World Systemp. 432
A Brief History of Core Conflict and Hegemonyp. 433
American Inequality and the Future of Core Conflictp. 440
Capitalist Models and Core Competition in the 21st Centuryp. 441
Summaryp. 443
Social Stratification in Japan and Germany: Contrasting Forms of Political Economyp. 444
Ranking In Japan: Some Preliminary Observationsp. 445
The Structural Bases of Social Stratification in Japanp. 449
Japan's Power Elitep. 457
Social Stratification in Germany: Some Similarities-and Key Differencesp. 461
German Workers and Codetermination Lawsp. 466
Variation in Modern Systems of Social Stratification: A Conclusionp. 471
Summaryp. 472
World Stratification and Globalization: The Poor of This Earthp. 473
The Extent of World Povertyp. 475
The World System and Economic Development in Periphery Nations: Why Some of the World's Poor Remain Poorp. 488
Global Corporations Can Do Harm: Some Evidencep. 493
World System Effects on Noncore Stratification Systemsp. 496
The Characteristics of East and Southeast Asian Nations: The Exceptions behind the Asian Economic Miraclesp. 503
Asian Traditions and Forms of Social Organization: Some Commonalitiesp. 505
The Case of Thailandp. 510
The World Stratification System: A Conclusion and Perspective on the Futurep. 517
Summaryp. 519
Glossaryp. G-1
Referencep. R-1
Name Indexp. I-1
Subject Indexp. I-00
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