Social Work in the 21st Century ; An Introduction to Social Welfare, Social Issues, and the Profession

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-08-14
  • Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
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Using an accessible writing style, author Morley D. Glicken introduces readers to the noble and exciting profession of Social Work with the hope to motivate student interest in BSW and MSW Programs. This engaging text addresses a number of social issues in America, looks at how the social welfare system attempts to resolve these issues, and considers the many roles assumed by professional social workers within the social welfare system.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Social Problems, the Social Welfare System, and the Role of Professional Social Workp. 1
An Introduction to Social Problems, Social Welfare Organizations, and the Profession of Social Workp. 3
My Political Philosophyp. 8
What Is Social Work?p. 10
Core Social Work Valuesp. 11
What Social Workers Dop. 12
The Following Chaptersp. 14
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 15
Summaryp. 16
A Brief History of Social Work: From the Poor Laws to the Conservative Revolutionp. 17
The English Poor Laws: Regulating the Poorp. 17
The American Experiencep. 20
The Origins of Modern Social Workp. 21
The Great Depression and the New Dealp. 23
World War II and the Rise of Social Work Educationp. 25
The "War on Poverty" and the "Great Society"p. 25
The 1970sp. 26
The Conservative Reaction: 1975 to the Presentp. 27
The Clinton Yearsp. 27
Remaining Social Problemsp. 28
Some Important Dates in Social Work and Social Welfarep. 28
Summaryp. 31
Internet Sourcesp. 31
The Social Work Processp. 33
Collecting Information About the Client: Assessmentp. 33
An Outline of a Psychosocial Assessmentp. 34
Brief Description of the Client and the Problemp. 34
Historical Issuesp. 34
Diagnostic Statementp. 35
The Treatment Planp. 35
Contractp. 36
Helping Relationshipsp. 39
Defining the Client-Worker Relationshipp. 39
Responding to Clients With Warmth, Genuineness, and Empathyp. 40
Evaluation of a Social Worker's Effectivenessp. 42
Evaluating a Client's Level of Improvementp. 44
Why Clients Get Betterp. 46
Summaryp. 46
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 47
Internet Sourcesp. 47
Professional Social Work Practice: The Sophisticated Generalistp. 49
The Social Work Generalistp. 49
The Social Work Specialistp. 51
Five Approaches to Helping People Often Used in Social Workp. 52
The Strengths Perspectivep. 52
Evidence-Based Practicep. 54
The Psychodynamic Approachp. 57
The Cognitive Approachp. 57
Solution-Focused Therapyp. 58
Assuring Clients of Effective Social Work Practicep. 60
State Licensurep. 60
Accreditationp. 60
The Use of Supervisionp. 61
Summaryp. 64
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 64
Internet Sourcesp. 65
Professional Social Workers Respond to Social Problems in Related Work Settingsp. 67
The Economically and Socially Disadvantaged: Professional Social Work in the Public and Private Social Welfare Systemsp. 69
Who Is Poor in America?p. 70
The Culture of Povertyp. 71
The Economic Safety Netp. 73
Highlights of TANFp. 73
Homelessnessp. 75
Why Don't We Outlaw Poverty?p. 79
What Social Workers Do to Help Clients Move out of Povertyp. 80
Summaryp. 83
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 83
Internet Sourcep. 83
Children in Difficulty: The Child Welfare System and Professional Social Work With Abused, Neglected, and Emotionally Troubled Children and Their Familiesp. 85
The Serious Problems of Child Abuse and Neglectp. 85
Reports of Child Abuse and Neglectp. 85
Fatalitiesp. 86
Perpetratorsp. 86
Servicesp. 87
Types of Violence to Childrenp. 87
Runaways as a Result of Abusep. 87
Legal Definitions of Abuse and Neglectp. 88
The Impact of Child Physical Abuse and Neglectp. 89
General Indicatorsp. 89
Child Sexual Abusep. 90
Behavioral Indicators of Sexual Abusep. 91
Problems Related to Sexual Abuse in Adolescentsp. 92
Incest and Intrafamilial Abusep. 93
Repressed Memory Syndromep. 93
The Organizations That Provide Services for Child Abusep. 96
The Role of Social Work in Treating and Preventing Child Abusep. 97
Social Work Intervention With Child Molestationp. 100
Summaryp. 102
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 102
Internet Sourcesp. 103
The Education System in America and the Role of School Social Workersp. 105
The Reasons for Increased School Violencep. 109
The Relationship Between Family Problems and School Acting Outp. 109
What Social Workers Do in Schoolsp. 111
Reforming Public Educationp. 113
Summaryp. 119
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 119
Internet Sourcesp. 120
Troubled Families: The Social Welfare Safety Net and Professional Social Work With Families Experiencing Financial, Emotional, and Social Difficultiesp. 121
The Changing American Familyp. 122
Healthy Familiesp. 124
Family Poverty Datap. 126
Health Care Datap. 126
Special Programs to Help Familiesp. 127
How Social Workers Help Familiesp. 128
Family Resiliencep. 131
Summaryp. 135
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 135
Internet Sourcesp. 136
Problems in the Workplace: Work-Related Helping Organizations and the Role of Industrial Social Workp. 137
Work-Related Stressp. 139
Unemploymentp. 140
Understanding the Unemployment Compensation Lawp. 140
Underemploymentp. 141
Workplace Violencep. 141
How Workplace Violence Progressesp. 142
Social Work Interventions: Employee Assistance Programs and Other Forms of Organizational Assistancep. 145
Ombudsmenp. 148
Facilitationp. 148
Mediationp. 148
Interest-Based Problem Solvingp. 148
Peer Reviewp. 149
Employee Trainingp. 149
Supervisory Trainingp. 149
Security Measuresp. 150
Pre-Employment Screeningp. 150
Summaryp. 153
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 153
Internet Sourcesp. 154
Problems of Youth Crime and Violence: The Legal System and the Role of Forensic Social Workp. 157
Early and Late Starters of Violencep. 159
Gang Violencep. 160
The Relationship Between Child Abuse and Violencep. 163
Are Childhood Bullies Likely to Be Violent Adolescents and Adults?p. 163
Cruelty to Animals Predicts Future Violencep. 164
Fire Setting and Early Violencep. 164
Does Violence on Television and in Movies Lead to Violence in Real Life?p. 165
Getting Tough on Violent Youth Crimep. 166
Treating Youth Violencep. 167
Helping Organizations Dealing With Youth Violence and Crimep. 168
How Social Workers Help Violent Youthp. 171
Summaryp. 175
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 175
Internet Sourcesp. 176
The Graying of America: Helping Organizations With Older Adults and the Role of Social Workers in Gerontologyp. 177
Common Emotional Problems Experienced by Older Adultsp. 178
Social Programs to Help Older Adultsp. 180
Social Securityp. 180
Medicarep. 180
Elder Abuse Programsp. 180
Senior Centersp. 181
Meals on Wheelsp. 181
Assisted and Low-Income Livingp. 182
Nursing Homesp. 182
How Social Workers Help Older Adultsp. 182
Social Work Intervention With Problems of Older Life Anxiety and Depressionp. 184
Anxiety in Older Adultsp. 184
Physical Causes of Anxietyp. 185
Emotional Causes of Anxietyp. 185
Depression in Older Adultsp. 185
Summaryp. 193
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 194
Internet Sourcesp. 195
Serious Emotional Problems and Mental Illness: Helping Organizations and the Role of Clinical Social Workp. 197
Definitions of Emotional Problems and Mental Illnessp. 197
Mental Illnessp. 197
Mood Disordersp. 198
The Extent of Serious Emotional Problemsp. 198
The Impact of Serious Emotional Problemsp. 200
The Mental Movement in the United Statesp. 200
Deinstitutionalizationp. 203
Treating Mood Disorders and Mental Illnessp. 204
Treatment Effectivenessp. 204
Case Managementp. 205
Self-Help Groupsp. 206
Is Mental Illness a Lifetime Condition?p. 206
The Consumer-Survivor Recovery Movementp. 207
The Organizations That Help People With Emotional Problems and Mental Illnessp. 208
How Social Workers Helpp. 211
Summaryp. 215
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 215
Internet Sourcesp. 216
Health Problems, Disabilities, Death and Dying, and Access to Care: The Many Roles of Medical Social Workersp. 217
Race and Health Care: Unequal and Troublingp. 218
Gender Differences in Healthp. 221
The Reasons for Male Health Problemsp. 223
HIV/AIDSp. 224
Social Work and AIDSp. 226
Disabilitiesp. 226
The Americans with Disabilities Actp. 227
Medicare and Medicaidp. 228
The Role of Medical and Rehabilitation Social Workersp. 230
A Personal Story About Rehabilitation Social Workp. 230
Death and Dyingp. 232
Terminal Illnessp. 232
Bereavementp. 233
Summaryp. 236
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 237
Internet Sourcesp. 237
A Society With Serious Substance Abuse Problems: The Helping Organizations and the Role of Social Workers in Treating and Preventing Alcohol and Drug Abusep. 239
Prevalence of Substance Abuse in Americap. 240
Alcohol Usep. 240
Illicit Drug Usep. 240
How Do We Know if Someone Is Abusing Substances?p. 242
Tests to Determine the Extent of a Substance Abuse Problemp. 243
Older Adults Don't Get Needed Helpp. 244
Female Substance Abusersp. 244
Adolescent Substance Abusep. 245
Medical Problems Resulting From Substance Abusep. 245
Helping People With Substance Abuse Problemsp. 246
How Effective Are We in Treating Substance Abuse?p. 247
Self-Help Groupsp. 247
Short-Term Treatmentp. 248
Longer-Term Treatmentp. 249
Treatment Strategiesp. 250
Natural Recovery (Recovery Without Professional Help)p. 251
The Organizations That Provide Assistance to Substance Abusersp. 252
The Role of Social Work in Treating Substance Abusep. 253
Summaryp. 257
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 257
Internet Sourcesp. 258
International Issues and the Roles of Social Workp. 259
Immigration: Xenophobia, the Organizations Helping New Immigrants, and Social Work's Role in Smoothing Transitions to the United Statesp. 261
The Cost to Taxpayers of Illegal Immigrationp. 262
The Helping Organizations Assisting Immigrantsp. 263
Social Work's Role in Immigrationp. 264
Culturally Sensitive Social Work Practice With Two Immigrant Groupsp. 264
Culturally Sensitive Social Work With Latino Clientsp. 265
Culturally Sensitive Social Work With Asian Clientsp. 270
Summaryp. 278
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 278
Internet Sourcesp. 279
Natural Disasters, Terrorism, and Random Violence: Helping Organizations and the Role of Social Work in Treating Victimsp. 281
What Is PTSD?p. 282
Description of PTSDp. 282
Who Develops PTSD?p. 283
How Prevalent Is PTSD?p. 284
Resilience: The Ability to Cope With Traumasp. 285
The Impact of Natural Disastersp. 286
The Impact of Recent Acts of Terrorism in Americap. 288
Helping Interventions With PTSDp. 291
Exposure Therapyp. 291
Debriefingp. 292
The Organizations That Help Victims of Violencep. 293
What Social Workers Do to Help Victims of Traumasp. 293
Recovering From PTSDp. 294
Summaryp. 296
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 296
Internet Sourcesp. 297
International Social Problems: The Helping Organizations and the Roles of International Social Workersp. 299
International Social Workp. 299
International Social Problems Affecting the United Statesp. 301
The International Sex Tradep. 301
Food and Hunger: Definitions and Datap. 301
Genocidep. 304
World Povertyp. 307
Worldwide HIV/AIDS Epidemicp. 307
Summaryp. 310
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 310
Internet Sourcesp. 311
Some International Social Welfare Organizationsp. 311
Medical, Social, and Emotional Problems in the Military: The Veterans Administration and Military Social Workp. 315
The War on Terror and the Role of Social Work in the Militaryp. 315
Social Workers in the Militaryp. 316
Specific Functions of Military Social Workp. 317
Ethical Dilemmas in Military Social Workp. 318
The Veterans Administration (VA)p. 319
Summaryp. 323
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 323
Internet Sourcesp. 324
Key Elements in Combating Social Problems and Achieving Social Justicep. 325
The Problems Faced by Diverse Populations: The Helping Organizations and Culturally Sensitive Social Work Practicep. 327
Discriminationp. 328
Hate Crimes Against Racial, Religious, Gender, and Ethnic Groupsp. 329
Laws Governing Discriminationp. 330
Have Antidiscrimination Laws Worked?p. 331
Ethnically Sensitive Social Work Practicep. 332
Ethnically Sensitive Practice With African American Clientsp. 333
Racial Profilingp. 333
Ethnically Sensitive Practice Guidelines With African American Clientsp. 334
Summaryp. 341
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 341
Internet Sourcesp. 341
The Role of Social Work and Social Welfare Organizations in Developing Healthy Community Lifep. 343
Healthy Community Lifep. 344
What Happens When Communities Are Unhealthy?p. 347
Air Pollutionp. 347
Traffic Congestionp. 348
Violencep. 349
The Tools of Community Changep. 350
Advocacyp. 350
Community Organizationp. 350
A Dialogue: Individuals or Larger Issues? Where Should We Put Our Energies?p. 353
Summaryp. 357
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 357
Internet Sourcesp. 357
The Impact of Religion and Spirituality on the Social and Emotional Lives of Americans: Religiously Affiliated Social Service Institutions and the Role of Social Workp. 359
Definitions of Spirituality and Religious Involvementp. 360
Does Spirituality and Religious Involvement Have a Positive Impact on Physical and Mental Health?p. 361
Some Reasons Why Spirituality and Religious Involvement May Improve Physical and Mental Healthp. 364
Controlling Health-Related Risksp. 364
Social Supportp. 365
Life Meaning or the Coherence Hypothesisp. 365
Should Issues of Religion and Spirituality Be Included in the Work Done by Social Workers?p. 366
Religious Social Service Organizations and the Role of Social Workp. 367
Some Randomly Chosen Mission Statements From Religiously Sponsored Social Service Agenciesp. 367
Jewish Family Servicep. 367
Catholic Charitiesp. 368
The Salvation Armyp. 368
Some Opposing Viewsp. 370
Summaryp. 373
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 374
Internet Sourcesp. 374
Achieving Social Justice Through Organizational Changep. 375
What Is Social Justice?p. 377
Social Work and Organizational Change to Achieve Social Justicep. 382
Criticism of Social Service Managementp. 383
Successful Organizationsp. 387
Summaryp. 392
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 393
Internet Sourcesp. 393
Potential Social Problems in the 21st Century and the Future Directions for Social Welfare and Social Workp. 395
Problems of the 21st Centuryp. 395
Social Isolationp. 396
A Loss of Civil Libertiesp. 397
A Declining Middle Class and Increasing Numbers of People in Povertyp. 398
Two Americasp. 399
Problems Facing Social Work and Social Welfare Institutionsp. 403
Serious Unattended to Practice Issuesp. 403
The Future of Social Work and Social Welfarep. 404
Summaryp. 407
Questions to Determine Your Frame of Referencep. 407
Internet Sourcesp. 408
Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workersp. 409
Referencesp. 431
Additional Recommended Readingsp. 463
Indexp. 481
About the Authorp. 493
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