Social Work, Social Welfare and American Society

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-11-17
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


Social Work, Social Welfare and American Societyprovides students with a political perspective on social welfare with definitions of liberal, conservative, and radical positions - in order#xA0;to help them better appreciate the political context of social welfare programs. #xA0; Each chapter reflects and integrates the core competencies in the 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) set by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE).#xA0; End-of-chapter assessment reinforces this integration, and MySocialWorkLab.com activities support the mastery of CSWE's core competencies. #xA0; This popular introductory text is written by two of the best-known authors in social work and social welfare. The Eighth Edition continues to examine the values, ethics, and knowledge needed by social workers, as well as exploring social workers'current roles in social welfare programs. A key strength of this text is its strong coverage of the history of social welfare movements.#xA0; It allows students to place welfare developments in an historical context.

Author Biography

Philip R. Popple, BS,  University of North Texas; MSW, Washington University (St. Louis); Ph.D, Washington University (St. Louis). Dr. Popple has seven years social work practice experience as a child welfare worker, a program evaluator, child welfare training specialist, and training administrator. He began his academic career in 1976 and has served as an advanced standing program coordinator, a baccalaureate program director at two schools, a school director/chair at two schools, and is currently serving as Baccalaureate Program Director at the University of Texas at Arlington, where he served as Interim Dean in 2008/2009. Dr. Popple is co-author of three social work texts: Social Work, Social Welfare, and American Society, 8th ed., 2008 (with Leslie Leighninger); The Policy Based Profession, An Introduction to Policy Analysis for Social Workers, 5th ed., 2011; and Child Welfare Social Work: An Introduction, 2007 (with Francine Vecchiolla). He is currently under contract with Allyn & Bacon for a book to be titled Compassion and Protection: A History of Social Work and Social Welfare in the United States.

Leslie Leighningeris a Professor Emerita at the School of Social Work at Arizona State University. She has degrees from Oberlin College, Syracuse University, and the University of California  Berkeley.  She is the author of Social Work :  Search for Identity, and Creating a New Profession:  The Beginnings of Social Work Education in the United States.  Her research specialty is social work and social welfare history.  She was a Vice President of the National Association of Deans and Directors of Social Work and the Council of Social Work Education.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1

Competing Perspectives on Social Welfare

Political Perspectives and Social Welfare

The Worldview of Conservatives, Liberals, and Radicals

                Attitudes toward Change

                Views of Human Nature

                Views of Individual Behavior

                Views of the Family

                Views of the Social System

                Views of Government and the Economic System

Political Perspectives in the Real World

Political Perspectives and Social Work Values

The Authors’ Perspective


Chapter 2

Social Welfare: Basic Concepts

Stigma and Social Welfare

Social Exclusion and Social Welfare

Descriptive Definitions of Social Welfare

                Social Welfare as Nonmarket Economic Transfers

                Social Welfare as Services to Meet Basic Needs

A Functional Definition of Social Welfare

                Social Structure

                                Status and Role

                                Social Institutions

                                Family and Kinship

                                Government and Politics




                Dependence, Interdependence, and the Social Welfare Institution

                                Dependency and Opportunity

                                Institutional and Residual Conceptions of Social Welfare

                                Is the United States a Welfare State

A Classification of Social Welfare Services

Perspectives on Social Welfare

                The Conservative Perspective

                                Noblesse Oblige

                                Enlightened Self-Interest

                The Liberal Perspective

                The Radical Perspective




Chapter 3

Social Work as a Profession

Social Work and Professionalism                             

Social Work’s Historical Development                       

      State Charitable Institutions                                             

     The Charity Organization Society                      

     The Social Settlement                                                      

    A Closer Look   Josephine Shaw Lowell:                                         

         Leader in the Charity Organization Society                 

    A Closer Look    Mary Richmond:  Pioneer    in Social Casework                                        

Social Work Destinations     Hull House                       

     A Closer Look   Lillian Wald, Graham                  

          Taylor and Lugenia Burns Hope: Three

          Settlement Leaders                                                    

      A Closer Look   Grace Abbott, Edith                                       

          Abbott and Sophonisba Breckinridge:                                

         Partners in Social Change and Development  of a Profession                                                           

Growth of a Profession                                              

Diversity and Unification                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

      A Closer Look   George Haynes: Social Work                     

          Education and the National Urban League                     

The Depression and the Development of Federal                       

     Social Welfare Programs                                                  

      A Closer Look     Jane Hoey                                          

Continued Professional Growth                                            

Social Work Values and Philosophical Base              

    A Closer Look       Important Dates in     

         Social Work History                                         

Social Work Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas        

     Updating a Professional Code of Ethics:    

           Interview with a Key Player                          

      A Closer Look     Excerpts from the 1996

          Code of Ethics of  the National Association

           of Social Workers                                        

Social Work Methods                                          

     A Closer Look     Social Work Roles                 

A Model of Social Work Practice                        

Practice Settings                                                    

Salaries and Job Opportunities                           

Social Work Education and Knowledge  for Practice                                                        

Current Professional Issues                                

Social Work in the Larger Field of Social    Welfare                                                              

Perspectives on Practice                                     



Chapter 4

Generalist Social Work Practice

History and Development of Social Work Practice

                The Evolution of Social Work Practice

Development of the Concept of Generalist Social Work

Generalist Practice



                Relationship Between Generalist and Specialized Practice

Case Management:  A Major Skill for Generalist Practitioners




                Institutional Framework


Practice Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas



Chapter 5

Responses to Human Diversity

Definition of the Problem

Definition of Terms

Dynamics of Intergroup Relations


                The Conservative Perspective

                The Liberal Perspective

                The Radical Perspective

History of Intergroup Relations in the United States

                Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions, and the “New Immigration,”

Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions and African Americans

                A Closer Look     The Destruction of a Black Community in Tulsa Oklahoma

                Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions, and Women

Current Issues Regarding Social Welfare and Human Diversity


                A Closer Look    The Experience of Having a Mixed Heritage


                Affirmative Action

                Separatism or Integration?

Social Work Roles Related to Diversity

Social Work Destinations     Destinations to Enhance an Appreciation of Diversity


Chapter 6

Religion and Social Work

The Religious Roots of Social Welfare

                Early Egyptian Roots

                Jewish Roots

                Christian Roots

                Muslim Roots


The Religious Roots of Organized Social Work

                Churches and the Charity Organization Society Movement

                Churches and the Settlement House Movement

                The Church and the Institutional Roots of Social Work

                The Secularization of Social Work

                                The Secularization of Society

                                The Growth of Government Services

                                The New Left and the Student Movement of the 1960s and 1970s

                The Reversal of Secularization?

                Current Sectarian Services

Social Work and Religion–Uneasy Bedfellows

                Should the Church Be Involved in Social Work and Social Welfare

                Conservative Religion and Social Change

                Social Work Values and Christian Values–Conflict or Consensus?



Chapter 7

Poverty: The Central Concept

Poverty: Major Issues and Common Terms

Rich Country, Poor Country

                The Measurement of Economic Inequality

                The Distribution of Income and Wealth in the United States

                Trends in the Distribution of Wealth and Income

                Perspectives on Inequality

Poverty–The Dark Side of Inequality

                The Definition of Poverty

                                Absolute Definitions

                The Official Poverty Line in the United States


                Issues and Perspectives in Measuring and Defining Poverty

                                Is the Poverty Line Set at a Realistic Level?

                                How Should Noncash Benefits Be Counted?

                                Should Poverty Be Defined in Absolute or Relative Terms

                                Should the Poverty Line Be Based on Net Disposable Income?

                Experimental Poverty Measures



Chapter 8

The Nature and Causes of Poverty

Who Are the Poor?

Statistical Description of the Poverty Population



                Family Type

                The Feminization of Poverty

Different Types of Poverty

                Three Levels of Poverty

                Data on Different Types of Poverty and Poverty Patterns

Why Are the Poor Poor?

                Poverty as the Result of Individual Characteristics

                                Genetic Inferiority

                                Poverty as a Result of Psychological Problems

                                The Human Capital Approach

                Cultural Explanations of Poverty

                                Culture of Poverty

                                Cultural Deprivation

                Critique of Cultural Explanations

                                Culture of Poverty Theory is Based on Methodologically Flawed Research

                                Culture Definitions Really Refer to the “Undeserving Poor”

                                Research Fails to Support Elements of Cultural Explanations

                                Alternative Explanations for the Lifeways of the Poor

                                Blaming the Victim

                Structural Explanations of Poverty–Liberal Version

                                Poverty as a Vicious Circle

                                Does the Class System Reproduce Itself?

                                The Organization of the Economy

                                Racial, Sexual, and Age Discrimination

                                The Increasing Social Isolation of the Ghetto

                                A Psychological Structural Explanation

                Critique of Liberal Structural Explanations

                Structural Explanations of Poverty–Conservative Version

                Critique of Conservative Explanations



Chapter 9

The Development of Antipoverty Programs

Historical Perspective on Antipoverty Efforts

                English Roots

                Colonial Years and the Era of the American Revolution

                Early Years of the Republic, 1781-1860

                                Ideas about the Causes of Poverty

                                The Growth of Indoor Relief

                                Outdoor Relief

                                Private Antipoverty Organizations

                                Government Antipoverty Efforts

                                Attitudes of the Nonpoor

                Social Transformation, Reform, and Reaction, 1860-1930

                                Changing Attitudes toward the Poor

                                Private Antipoverty Efforts

                                Government Antipoverty Efforts

                                Private Domination of Social Welfare

                Seeds of the Reluctant Welfare State, 1930-1940

                                Attitudes toward the Poor

                The Return of Prosperity, 1940-1060

                Reform and Reaction, 1960-1988

                A New Era for Antipoverty Policy

                                The Development of Work Programs

                                The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

                                Welfare is Reformed–the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Program



Chapter 10

Child Welfare


Statistical Profile

                Number of Children Involved





                Individual Parent Factors

                Family Factors

                Environmental Factors

                Additional Factors

Historical Perspective

                The Emergence of Concern for Children

                                The Lengthening of Childhood

                                The Breakdown of the Ability of the Extended Family and the Church to Manage Child


                                The Development of a Changed Conception of Children and Childhood

                The Development of Child Welfare Services

                                The Development of Children’s Homes

                                The Idea of Foster Family Care

                                The Development of Protective Services

                                The Rediscovery of Child Abuse and Neglect

Current Issues and Trends

                Emphasis on Permanency Planning

                Emphasis on Family Preservation

                Reaction to Family Preservation

                Class Action Lawsuits on Behalf of Children in Foster Care

                Separation of Investigation from Service


                Conceptions of Appropriate Discipline

                                Conservative Perspective

                                Liberal Perspective

                                Analysis and Synthesis

                The Causation of Maltreatment

                                Conservative Perspective

                                Liberal Perspective

                                Analysis and Synthesis

                Rights of Children, Parents, and the Government

                                Conservative Perspective

                                Liberal Perspective

                                Radical Perspective

                                Analysis and Synthesis

Social Work Roles

                Direct Services in Public Child Welfare

                                Intake, Screening, and Assessment

                                Supervision of Families with the Child at Home

                                Family Preservation Service

                                Recruitment and Supervision of Foster Homes


                Private Agencies



Chapter 11

Crime and Criminal Justice

Perspectives on Criminal Justice

                The Conservative Perspective

                                Basic Beliefs

                                Major Issues

                The Liberal Perspective

                                Basic Beliefs

                                Major Issues

                The Radical Perspective

                                Basic Beliefs

                                Major Issues


                Legal Definitions of Crime

                                In Whose Interest Is Criminal Law?

                Crime as a Social Welfare Problem

                                The Punishment Approach

                                The Rehabilitation Approach

Statistical Profile

                Problems with Crime Statistics

                Patterns of Crime

                                Volume of Crime




                Social Welfare and Crime


                                Adult Corrections


                Control Theories

                                Biological Control Theories

                                Psychological Control Theories

                                Social Control Theory

                                Neoclassical Control Theory

                                Summary of Control Theories

                Cultural Theories

                                Cultural Deviance

                                Differential Association Theory

                                Strain Theory

                                Summary of Control Theories

                Social Victim Theories

                                Labeling Theory

                                Radical Criminology

A Brief History of Criminal Justice

                Prisons–The First Reform

                The Indeterminate Sentence and Parole


                The Concept of Delinquency and the Juvenile Court

                Criminal Justice Reform–Rhetoric and Reality

Current Issues





                Intermediate Sanctions

                Abandoning Rehabilitation

Social Work Roles

                Treatment Programs Outside the Criminal Justice System

                Victim Assistance

                Victim-Offender Mediation

                A New Frontier for Social Work in Criminal Justice: The Innocence Movement

                Police Work as Social Work



Chapter 12

Health Care

Definitions of Health and Illness

Statistical Picture of Health Care

                Health and Socioeconomic Factors

                Focus on Diversity   Diabetes among the Oglala Souix

Dynamics of Health Care

History of Health Care

                The Rise of Scientific Medicine

                Medical Social Work

                Health Care in the 1960s and 1970s

Current Issues and Trends

                Managed Care

                The Business of Health Care

                Government Action to Improve Health Care


                The Conservative Perspective

                The Liberal Perspective

                The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles




Chapter 13

Mental Health and Developmental Disability

Issues in Definition

Definitions of Mental Illness

                Mental Illness as the Absence of Mental Health

                Mental Illness as Disease

                Mental Illness as a Reaction to Life’s Problems

                Mental Illness as a Label Assigned by Others

Dynamics of Mental Illness

                Psysiological Explanations

Psychological Explanations

                Behavioral Explanations

                Environmental and Sociological Explanations

Statistical Picture of Mental Illness

Definitions of Developmental Disability

                Focus on Diversity     Race, Diagnosis, and Commitment

Dynamics of Development Disability

Statistical Picture of Development Disability

Historical Perspectives on Mental Illness

                Social Work Destinations   The Public Hospital, Williamsburg,Virginia

                A Closer Look    Clifford W. Beers, A Mind That Found Itself

                A Closer Look    The Snake Pit

Historical Perspectives on Developmental Disability

                A Closer Look    The Jukes and the Kallikaks

Current Issues and Trends

                From Institution to Life in the Community

                Community Services for Those with Mental Retardation

                Advocacy and Consumer Organizations for the Mentally  Ill

                Stigma and Mental Illness

Special Populations in the Field of Mental Health


                The Conserative Perspective

                The Liberal Perspective

                The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles in Mental Health and Developmental Disability

                A Closer Look    “When Things Were Darkest, Peers Helped:



Chapter 14

Housing, Homelessness, and Community Development

Definitions of the Problem

Actors in the U.S. Housing Situation




                Insurance Companies



                Community Groups

                Advocacy Organizations


Statistical Picture of Housing

Dynamics of Housing

                Commodity  or Right?

                Residential Segregation

History of Housing

                Housing Trends from the Mid 1800s through the 1920s

                The Origins of Housing Policy

                Housing Policy after the New Deal

                “Urban Renewal”

                The Age of HUD

                A Closer Look   The Destruction of Pruitt-Igoe

                Mortgage Meltdown

                A Closer Look   Mortgage Talk

                Obama Begins

Current Issues and Trends


                Community Responses




                A Closer Look   The Language of Sprawl

                Community Development

                Gender and Household Stereotypes

                The Retreat from Public Life

                Social Work Destinations

                Social Work and Community Development

                Renewing Civility


                The Conservative Perspective

                The Liberal Perspective

                The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles


Chapter 15


Definitions of Aging

Statistical Picture of Aging

                Living Arrangements



                Government Expenditures for the Elderly


Dynamics: Causes and Effects of Aging

                Biological Theories

                Social Psychological Theories

                Sociological Theories of Aging

                Focus on Diversity     Men and Aging

History of Aging in America

Current Issues and Trends

                Government Programs for Older Americans:  Can they Be Maintained?

                Long-Term Care

                Community Services for the Aging:  Problems of Coordination

                Ageism and Advocacy

                A Closer Look     “Harassing the Eldlerly”   by Karen DeCrow


                The Conservative Perspective

                The Liberal Perspective

                The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles



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What is included with this book?

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