Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-12-09
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illnessis a comprehensive medical sociology textbook that covers traditional topics in medical sociology, while providing significant coverage of current issues related to health, healing, and illness. This text integrates recent research in medical sociology and emphasizes the importance of race, class, and gender throughout.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Perspectives on the Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness
A Brief Introduction to the Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illnessp. 1
Definition of Medical Sociologyp. 1
Historical Development of Medical Sociologyp. 2
Sociology's Contribution to Understanding Health, Healing, and Illnessp. 6
The Role of the Medical Sociologist in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 9
Summaryp. 10
Health on the Internetp. 10
Key Concepts and Termsp. 10
Discussion Questionp. 10
Referencesp. 11
The Development of Scientific Medicinep. 12
A Brief History of Medicinep. 13
Early Humansp. 13
The Egyptian Civilizationp. 14
Greek and Roman Societiesp. 14
The Medieval Erap. 18
Medicine in the Renaissancep. 19
Medicine from 1600 to 1900p. 20
The Ascendancy of Medical Authority in Americap. 23
Perspectives on the Ascendancy of Medical Authorityp. 29
Summaryp. 31
Health on the Internetp. 31
Key Concepts and Termsp. 32
Discussion Questionp. 32
Referencesp. 32
The Influence of the Social Environment on Health and Illness
Social Epidemiologyp. 34
The Work of the Epidemiologistp. 34
The Epidemiological Transitionp. 36
Life Expectancy and Mortalityp. 40
Infant Mortalityp. 46
Maternal Mortalityp. 50
Morbidityp. 50
Disabilityp. 55
Summaryp. 56
Health on the Internetp. 56
Key Concepts and Termsp. 56
Discussion Casep. 57
Referencesp. 57
Society, Disease, and Illnessp. 60
The Interrelationship of Fundamental Causes and Proximate Risk Factors: The Case of Developing Countriesp. 62
The Influence of Genetic Transmission on Disease and Illnessp. 63
Cardiovascular Diseasesp. 65
Cancerp. 70
Alzheimer's Diseasep. 79
Mental Illnessp. 81
Summaryp. 84
Health on the Internetp. 85
Key Concepts and Termsp. 85
Discussion Casep. 85
Referencesp. 86
Social Stressp. 89
Definition of Stressp. 89
Historical Development of the Stress Conceptp. 90
A Model of Social Stressp. 91
Stressorsp. 91
Appraisal of Stressorsp. 97
Mediators of Stress: Coping and Social Supportp. 97
Stress Outcomesp. 101
The Role of Social Class, Race, and Gender in Social Stressp. 102
Summaryp. 107
Health on the Internetp. 108
Key Concepts and Termsp. 108
Discussion Casep. 108
Referencesp. 109
Health and Illness behavior
Health Behaviorp. 112
The Concept of Healthp. 112
Health Behaviorp. 114
Describing Individual Health Behaviorsp. 114
Explaining Health Behaviorp. 120
Summaryp. 127
Health on the Internetp. 127
Key Concepts and Termsp. 128
Discussion Casesp. 128
Referencesp. 129
Experiencing Illness and Disabilityp. 132
Stages of Illness Experiencep. 132
Symptom Experiencep. 132
Assumption of the Sick Role; Illness as Deviancep. 135
Medical Care Contact/Self-Carep. 140
Dependent-Patient Rolep. 148
Recovery and Rehabilitationp. 149
Experiencing Chronic Illness, Impairment, and Disabilityp. 149
Summaryp. 153
Health on the Internetp. 154
Key Concepts and Termsp. 154
Discussion Questionp. 154
Referencesp. 155
Health Care Practitioners and Their Relationship with Patients
Physicians and the Profession of Medicinep. 157
The Profession of Medicinep. 157
The Social Control of Medicinep. 163
The Number, Composition, and Distribution of Physicians in the United Statesp. 169
Female Physiciansp. 171
Physician Satisfaction and Dissatisfactionp. 174
Physician Impairment: Stresses and Strains of the Physician Rolep. 176
Summaryp. 177
Health on the Internetp. 178
Key Concepts and Termsp. 178
Discussion Casep. 178
Referencesp. 179
Medical Education and the Socialization of Physiciansp. 182
The History of Medical Educationp. 182
Modern Medical Educationp. 184
The Medical School Experience: Attitude and Value Acquisitionp. 192
The Medical School Experience: Stressp. 195
The Medical School Experience: Career Choicesp. 197
Future Directions in U.S. Medical Educationp. 198
Summaryp. 199
Health on the Internetp. 199
Key Concepts and Termsp. 199
Discussion Casep. 200
Referencesp. 200
Nurses, Mid-Level Health Care Practitioners, and Allied Health Workersp. 203
Evolution of Nonphysician Health Care Practitionersp. 203
Nurses and the Field of Nursingp. 206
Mid-Level Health Care Practitionersp. 214
Allied Health Workersp. 217
The Health Care Teamp. 218
Relationships among Health Care Workersp. 219
The Changing Environment among Health Care Workersp. 222
Summaryp. 222
Health on the Internetp. 223
Key Concepts and Termsp. 223
Discussion Questionp. 223
Referencesp. 224
Complementary and Alternative Medicinep. 226
The Meaning of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)p. 226
Scientific Medicine and Alternative Healingp. 227
Complementary and Alternative Healersp. 228
Chiropracticp. 232
Acupuncturep. 236
Spiritual Healing and Christian Sciencep. 239
Ethnic Folk Healingp. 244
Summaryp. 248
Health on the Internetp. 248
Key Concepts and Termsp. 249
Discussion Casep. 249
Referencesp. 249
The Physician-Patient Relationship: Background and Modelsp. 252
Models of the Physician-Patient Relationshipp. 252
Key Dimensions of the Physician-Patient Relationshipp. 254
The Influence of Social Class, Race, and Symptomology on the Physician-Patient Relationshipp. 263
The Influence of Gender on the Physician-Patient Relationshipp. 264
Patient Satisfaction with Physiciansp. 268
Patient Compliance with Medical Regimensp. 270
Summaryp. 272
Health on the Internetp. 273
Key Concepts and Termsp. 273
Discussion Casep. 273
Referencesp. 274
Professional and Ethical Obligations of Physicians in the Physician-Patient Relationshipp. 277
Truth-telling as an Issuep. 277
Confidentiality as an Issuep. 281
Obligation to Treat AIDS Patientsp. 286
Summaryp. 290
Health on the Internetp. 291
Key Concepts and Termsp. 291
Discussion Casesp. 291
Referencesp. 292
The Health Care System
The Health Care System of the United Statesp. 295
Rating the United States Health Care Systemp. 295
The United States Health Care Systemp. 296
Health Care Expendituresp. 297
Explanations for Rapidly Increasing Health Care Costsp. 304
America's Uninsured Populationp. 307
Cost Containment: Limited Prospective Budgeting, Rationing, and Managed Carep. 309
The Politics of Health Care Reformp. 314
Summaryp. 319
Health on the Internetp. 319
Key Concepts and Termsp. 320
Discussion Casesp. 320
Referencesp. 320
Health Care Deliveryp. 323
The Emergence of Freestanding Ambulatory Care Sitesp. 323
The Flourishing of Managed Care Systems: HMOs and PPOsp. 327
Emergence of the Modern Hospitalp. 332
Home Health Carep. 343
Summaryp. 344
Health Care on the Internetp. 344
Key Concepts and Termsp. 344
Discussion Casep. 345
Referencesp. 345
The Social Implications of Advanced Health Care Technologyp. 347
Health Care Technologyp. 348
The Right to Refuse or Demand Advanced Health Care Technologyp. 353
Organ Donation and Transplantationp. 361
Assisted Procreationp. 365
Summaryp. 370
Health on the Internetp. 370
Key Concepts and Termsp. 370
Discussion Casep. 371
Referencesp. 371
Comparative Health Care Systemsp. 373
Major Influences on Health Care Systemsp. 373
Health Care Services in Developing and Industrialized Countriesp. 375
Types of Health Care Systemsp. 375
Chinap. 377
Russiap. 380
Canadap. 383
Great Britainp. 388
Common Challenges to Health Care Systems Around the Worldp. 390
Summaryp. 391
Health on the Internetp. 391
Key Concepts and Termsp. 391
Discussion Questionsp. 392
Referencesp. 392
Photo Creditsp. 394
Name Indexp. 395
Subject Indexp. 401
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