Sociology Matters

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-06-08
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill
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Richard Schaefer'sSociology Mattersis a very concise introduction to the discipline of sociology. Its straightforward style, streamlined design, and highly focused coverage make it the perfect short, affordable, introductory text for instructors who use a variety of materials in their course.Sociology Mattershelps students understand and connect to the topics it covers by answering the question "How does sociology matter?""After more than 30 years of teaching sociology to students in colleges, adult education programs, nursing programs, an overseas program based in London, and even a maximum-security prison, I am firmly convinced that the discipline can play a valuable role in teaching critical thinking skills. Sociology can help students to better understand the workings of their own lives as well as of their society and other cultures."Richard T. Schaefer

Table of Contents

The Sociological View
Culture and Socialization
Social Structure, Groups, and Organizations
Deviance and Social Control
Stratification in the United States and Worldwide
Inequality by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
Inequality of Gender
Family and Religion
Education, Government, and the Economy
Population, Community, Health, and the Environment
Social Movements, Social Change, and Technology DETAILED CONTENTS Preface
The Sociological View What Is Sociology?
The Sociological Imagination
Sociology and the Social Sciences
Sociology and Common Sense What Is Sociological Theory? The Development of Sociology
Early Thinkers
Émile Durkheim
Max Weber
Karl Marx
Modern Developments:Charles Horton Cooley
Functionalist Perspective: Manifest and Latent Functions
Conflict Perspective: The Marxist View
A Different Voice: W. E. B Du Bois
Interactionist Perspective
Feminist Perspective What is the Scientific Method?
Defining the Problem
Reviewing the Literature
Formulating the Hypothesis
Collecting and Analyzing Data
Selecting the Sample: Ensuring Validity and Reliability
Developing the Conclusion: Supporting Hypotheses /Controlling the Other Factors /In Summary: The Scientific Method Major Research Designs
Use of Existing Sources Ethics of Research Applied and Clinical Sociology Summary
Culture and Socialization Culture and Society Development of Culture Around the World
Cultural Universals
Globalization, Diffusion, and Technology Elements of Culture
Norms: Types of Norms
Acceptance of Norms
Values Culture and the Dominant Ideology Cultural Variation
Culture Shock
Cultural Relativism The Role of Socialization
Environment: The Impact of Isolation: A Girl Called Isabelle
Heredity: the Impact of Biology The Self and Socialization
Cooley: Looking-Glass Self
Mead: Stages of the Self
Mead: Theory of the Self
Goffman: Presentation of the Self Socialization and the Life Course
The Life Course
Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization Agents of Socialization
Peer Group
Mass Media and Technology
The State Summary
Social Structure, Groups, and Organizations Defining and Reconstructing Reality Elements of Social Structure
Statuses: Ascribed and Achieved Status
Master Status
Social Roles: What Are Social Roles?
Role Conflict/ Role Strain
Groups: Primary and Secondary Groups
In-Groups and Out-Groups
Reference Groups Social Networks and Technology
Social Institutions Social Structure in Global Perspective
Lenski’s Sociocultural Evolution Approach: Preindustrial Societies
Industrial Societies
Postindustrial and Postmodern Societies Understanding Organizations
Formal Organizations and Bureaucracies
Characteristics of a Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture
Voluntary Associations Technology Impact on the Workplace Summary
Deviance and Social Control Social Control
Conformity and Obedience
Informal and Formal Social Control
Law and Society Deviance
What is Deviance?
Deviance and Social Stigma
Explaining Deviance: Functionalist Perspective
Interactionist Perspective
Labeling Theory
Conflict Theory
Feminist Perspective Crime
Types of Crime: Professional Crime
Organized CrimeWhite-Collar and Technology-Based Crime
Victimless Crime
Crime Statistics:Understanding Crime Statistics
International Crime Rates Summary
Stratification in the United States and Worldwide Understanding Stratification
Systems of Stratification: Slavery
Social Classes
Perspectives on Stratification: Karl Marx’s View of Class Differentiation
Max Weber’s View of Stratification
Is Stratification Universal? Functionalist ViewConflict View
Lenski’s Viewpoint Stratification by Social Class
Measuring Social Class: Objective Method
Multiple Measures
Wealth and Income
Poverty: Studying Poverty
Who Are the Poor?
Explaining Poverty
Life Chances Social Mobility
Open versus Closed Stratification Systems
Types of Social Mobility
Social Mobility in the United States: Occupational Mobility
The Impact of Education
The Impact of Race
The Impact of Gender Stratification in the World System
Legacy of Colonialism
Multinational Corporations: Functionalist View
Conflict View
Modernization Summary
Inequality by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender The Privileges of the Dominant Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Groups
Minority Groups
Ethnicity Immigration and New Ethnic Groups Explaining Inequality by Race and Ethnicity
The Functionalist View
The Conflict Response
The Interactionist Approach Prejudice and Discrimination
Discriminatory Behavior
Institutional Discrimination
Measuring Discrimination Summary
Inequality of Gender The Social Construction of Gender
Gender-Role Socialization
Women''s and Men''s Gender Roles
A Cross-Cultural Perspective Explaining Inequality by Gender
The Functionalist View
The Conflict Response
The Feminist Perpsective
The Interactionist Approach Women: The Oppressed Majority
Sexism and Sex Discrimination
Sexual Harrassment
The Status of Women Worldwide
Women in the Workforce of the United States
The Social Consequences of Women''s Employment The Double Jeopardy of Minority Women Summary
The Family and Religion Studying Social Institutions
Functionalist View
Conflict View
Interactionist View The Family: A Global View
Composition: What is the Family?
Kinship Patterns: To Whom Are We Related?
Authority Patterns: Who Rules? Religion as a Social Institution
The Integrative Function of Religion
Religion and Social Support
Religion and Social Change
Religion and Social Control: A Conflict View
Education, Government, and the Economy Education: Schools as Formal Organizations
Bureaucratization of Schools
Teachers: Employees and Instructors
Student Subcultures Power and Authority
Types of Authority: Traditional Authority
Legal-Rational Authority
Charismatic Authority Who Rules in the United States?
Power Elite Models: Mill’s Model
Domhoff’s ModelPluralist Model The Economy: Today and Tomorrow
Economic Systems: Capitalism
Economic Change: The Face of the Workforce
The Contingency Workforce Summary
Population, Community, Health, and the Environment Demography: The Study of Population
Malthus’s Thesis and Marx’s Response
Studying Population Today
Elements of Demography How Did Communities Originate?
Early Communities
Preindustrial Cities
Industrial and Postindustrial Cities Urbanization and Its Consequences
Functionalist View: Urban Ecology
Conflict View: New Urban Sociology Health and Illness: Sociological Perspectives
Functionalist Approach
Conflict Approach The Medicalization of Society
Inequities in Health Care
Interactionist Approach
Labeling Approach Social Epidemiology
Social Class
Race and Ethnicity
Age The Environment and Our Place in It
Environmental Problems: An Overview: Air Pollution
Water Pollution
Contamination of Land
Human Ecology
A Conflic
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