Sourcebook of Experiential Education: Key Thinkers and Their Contributions

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2010-12-07
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Experiential education is a philosophy and methodology for building knowledge, developing skills, and clarifying values by engaging learners in direct experience and focused reflection. To understand experiential education, what should one be reading? This sourcebook introduces philosophers, educators, and other practitioners whose work is relevant to anyone seeking answers to this question. Following brief snapshots of John Dewey and Kurt Hahn, the book is organized in four sections:Philosophers and Educational TheoristsNature Educators and Outdoor EducatorsPsychologists and SociologistsSchool and Program Founders.Each chapter focuses on an individual whose philosophy and practice exemplify a biographical and historical model for reaching a deeper understanding of experiential education. An appendix includes short biographical sketches of 45 additional people whose contributions to experiential education deserve a closer look.This volume provides a much-needed overview and foundations for the field ' for students in courses addressing experiential education, challenge education, outdoor experiential education, recreation education, and related fields; for learning theorists and curriculum specialists; for experiential educators; and for educational philosophers.

Author Biography

Thomas E. Smith, Founder/Director of the Raccoon Institute and Independent Psychologist/ Wilderness Guide, has taught psychology and education at colleges and universities and is a frequent presenter, consultant, and trainer at regional, national, and international conference workshops on experiential/adventure/challenge/outdoor education. Clifford E. Knapp, professor Emeritus, Northern Illionois University, has taught at all levels of education, elementary through graduate school, and is a frequent presenter at state, national, and international conferences offering workshops in experiential education and place-based education.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Experiential Education and Learning by Experiencep. 1
Philosophers and Educational Theoristsp. 13
Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates: Ancient Greek Perspectives on Experiential Learningp. 18
Rousseau and Pestalozzi: Emile, Gertrude, and Experiential Educationp. 26
Sir Patrick Geddes: "Vivendo Discimus"- By Living We Learnp. 32
Alfred North Whitehead: Educational Emergencep. 41
Martin Buber: Dialogue, Relationship, the Other, and the More-Than-Human Worldp. 48
Paulo Freire: Critical Praxis and Experiential Educationp. 56
Maxine Greene: The Power of the Possiblep. 64
Eleanor Duckworth: The Teacher's Teacherp. 73
Nature Study, Outdoor and Environmental Educationp. 81
Jean Louis Rodolfe Agassiz: Nature and Experiential Educationp. 86
Alexander von Humboldt: Expeditionary Scientistp. 93
Anna Botsford Comstock: Beyond Science-Learning About Self and Nature Through Field Experiencep. 100
Charles A. Eastman and Luther Standing Bear: Two Early Indian Writers and Educatorsp. 108
Aldo Leopold: Teaching in the Spirit of the Land Ethicp. 117
Lloyd B. Sharp: Trailblazer in Outdoor Educationp. 123
Rachel Carson: Inspiring A Sense of Wonderp. 131
Sigurd Olson and Paul Shepard: Experiential Education and Ancient Rhythmsp. 138
Psychologists and Sociologistsp. 145
Emile Durkheim: Socialization and Educationp. 150
Lev Vygotsky: Experiential Education- A View from the Futurep. 157
Fritz Perls: Gestalt Therapy and Experiental Educationp. 166
Kurt Lewin: Another Kurt for Experiential Educators to Knowp. 173
Earl C. Kelley: Education for What Is Realp. 180
Carl Rogers: A Way of Being an Experiential Educatorp. 185
School and Program Founders: Theory to Practice, Practice to Theoryp. 193
Maria Montessori: Founding Mother of Experiential Education?p. 197
Cecil Reddie: Pioneering Headmasterp. 208
Fridtjof Nansen: Adventure and Friluftslivp. 216
Juliette Gordon Low: Scouting and Experiental Educationp. 224
Paul Petzoldt: Man of the Mountainsp. 231
Sylvia Ashton-Warner: Teacher and Reflective Practitionerp. 238
Campbell Loughmiller: The Father of Therapeutic Campingp. 244
Sidney B. Simon: Values Clarification Pioneerp. 255
Eliot Wigginton: Foxfire- No Inert Ideas Allowed Herep. 262
Tricia Yu: The Tao of Experiencep. 272
Deserving a Closer Look: Other Thinkers and Suggested Readingsp. 281
Editors' Dialoguep. 293
Words of Wisdom: Selected Quotations About Experiental Educationp. 302
About the Editorsp. 311
About the Contributing Authorsp. 312
Indexp. 319
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