9781319072919

Sources for America's History, Volume 2: Since 1865

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  • ISBN13:

    9781319072919

  • ISBN10:

    1319072917

  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-09-01
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

Designed for America’s History, Ninth Edition, this two-volume primary source reader offers a chorus of voices from the past carefully selected to enrich the study of U.S. history. Five to six documents per chapter, ranging from speeches and political cartoons by celebrated historical figures to personal letters and diary entries by ordinary people, foster historical thinking skills while putting a human face on America’s diverse history. To support the structure of the parent text, unique part document sets at the end of each part present sources that illustrate the major themes of each section. Brief introductions place each document in historical context, and questions for analysis help students practice historical thinking skills and link individual sources to larger themes.

Sources for America’s History is FREE when packaged with America’s History, Ninth Edition and is included for FREE in the LaunchPad for America’s History

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 14: Reconstruction, 1865–1877  
  
14-1 | President Focuses on Work of Reconstruction
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, Last Public Address (1865)  
 
14-2 | A Freed Family’s Dream of Landownership
BETTY POWERS, Federal Writers’ Project Interview (c. 1936)  
 
14-3 | A Former Slave Owner Complains of “Negro Problem”
FRANCES BUTLER LEIGH, Letter to a Friend in England (1867)  
 
14-4 | A Liberal Republican Opposes Universal Suffrage
CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS JR., The Protection of the Ballot in National Elections (1869)  
 
14-5 | Nast Lampoons Freedmen’s Government
THOMAS NAST, Colored Rule in a Reconstructed State (1874)  
 
14-6 | African American Congressman Urges Support of Civil Rights Bill
ROBERT BROWNE ELLIOTT, Speech to Congress (1874)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS   


CHAPTER 15: Conquering a Continent, 1860–1890   
15-1 | Opening the West
Indian Territory, That Garden of the World (c. 1880)  
 
15-2 | Railroad Transforms the Nation
CURRIER & IVES, Across the Continent (1868)  
 
15-3 | Harvesting the Bison Herds
J. WRIGHT MOOAR, Buffalo Days (1933)  
 
15-4 | Addressing the Indian Question
FRANCIS A. WALKER, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1872)  
 
15-5 | Remembering Indian Boarding School Days
MOURNING DOVE, A Salishan Autobiography (1990)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
PART 5 DOCUMENT SET: Americans Debate the Meaning of the Constitution, 1844–1877  
 
P5-1 | Women Reformers Demand Citizenship Rights
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, Declaration of Rights and Sentiments (1848)  
 
P5-2 | Defining Native American Rights and Limits
STATUTES OF CALIFORNIA, An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians (1850)  
 
P5-3 | The Catholic Threat to American Politics
SAMUEL F. B. MORSE, Foreign Conspiracy Against the Liberties of the United States (1855)  
 
P5-4 | Debating the Meaning of the Constitution
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, Cooper Union Address (1860)   
P5-5 | Southern Leader Contrasts Union and Confederate Constitutions
ALEXANDER STEPHENS, “Cornerstone” Speech (1861)   
P5-6 | Contesting African American Citizenship
          THOMAS NAST, “This Is a White Man’s Government” (1868)   
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS   


 


Part 6: Industrializing America: Upheavals and Experiments (1877–1917) 
CHAPTER 16: Industrial America: Corporations and Conflicts
1877–1911  
16-1 | Industrialist Justifies Fortunes Used for the Common Good
          ANDREW CARNEGIE, Wealth (1889)  


16-2 | Industrial Brotherhood Counters Excesses of Capitalist Power
          TERENCE POWDERLY, Thirty Years of Labor (1889)  


16-3 | Worker Finds His Way on the Shop Floor
          ANTANAS KAZTAUSKIS, Life Story of a Lithuanian (c. 1906)  


16-4 | Congress Closes Door to Chinese Laborers
          Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)  


16-5 | Pointing Out the Irony of Nativist Policies
          JOSEPH KEPPLER, Looking Backward (1893)  


16-6 | Economist Scores the Costs and Benefits of Monopoly
          ARTHUR TWINING HADLEY, The Good and the Evil of Industrial
       Combination (1897)  


COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS        


CHAPTER 17: Making Modern American Culture, 1880–1917     


17-1 | Pursuing the Manly Sports for Self and Society
Theodore Roosevelt, Professionalism in Sports (1890)
  
17-2 | Healthy Girls
          FRANCES BENJAMIN JOHNSTON, Children Doing Calisthenics While Sitting at Their Desks (c. 1890s)  


17-3 | Arguing the Merits of College for Women
Elizabeth Shepley Sergeant, Educated for What? (1916)  


17-4 | The Lure of the Department Store
THEODORE DREISER, Sister Carrie (1900)  
 
17-5 | A Black Leader’s Compromise for Racial Opportunity
Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition Speech (1895)  
 
17-6 | Women’s Club Movement Attacks Social and Racial Injustice
Mary White Ovington, Black and White Sat Down Together: The Reminiscences of an NAACP Founder (1932–1933)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  


Chapter 18: “Civilization’s Inferno”: The Rise and Reform of Industrial Cities, 1880–1917   
 
18-1 | Escaping the City for a Fantasy World of Pleasure
Luna Park at Night (c. 1913)  
 
18-2 | Competing Against the Party Machine
Jane Addams, Why the Ward Boss Rules (1898)  
 
18-3 | American Dream Meets Tenement Reality
Marie Ganz and Nat J. Ferber, Rebels: Into Anarchy — and Out Again (1920)
 
18-4 | Persistent and Violent Racism Against African Americans
NEW YORK WORLD, New York Negroes Stage Silent Parade of Protest (1917)


18-5 | The Need for Play
CHARLES E. HUGHES, Address to the Second Annual Congress of the Playground Association of America  (1908)   
 
18-6 | Muckraker Exposes Chicago’s Meat-Packing Industry
Upton Sinclair, The Jungle (1906)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  


Chapter 19: Whose Government? Politics, Populists, and Progressives, 1880–1917   
19-1 | Populist Manifesto for a Reformed America
Omaha Platform (1892)  
 
19-2 | Progressive Leader Identifies the Problem with Cities
Frederic Howe, The City: The Hope of Democracy (1909)  
 
19-3 | Radical Reformer Appeals to Chicago’s Voters
Josephine Conger-Kaneko, What a Socialist Alderman Would Do (1914)  
19-4 | Supreme Court Ruling on Women’s Rights
U.S. SUPREME COURT, Muller v. Oregon (1908)   


19-5 | President Calls for Conservation of Natural Resources
Theodore Roosevelt, Annual Message to Congress (1907)   
19-6 | Negro Problem Solved Through Education of Leadership Class
W. E. B. Du Bois, The Talented Tenth (1903)   


COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  


PART 6 Document Set: The Clash of Cultural Values and Ideas in an Industrializing Era, 1877–1917   
 
P6-1 | Social Darwinist Explains Relationship Between Classes
William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other (1883)
 
P6-2 | Promoting the Social Gospel
          WALTER RAUSCHENBUSCH, Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907)   
P6-3 | The New Woman Challenges the Social Order
Caroline Ticknor, The Steel-Engraving Lady and the Gibson Girl (1901)  


P6-4 | Anthropologist Undermines Racial Stereotypes
Franz Boas, The Mind of Primitive Man (1911)  
 
P6-5 | Modernism and Its Critics
MARCEL DUCHAMP, Nude Descending a Staircase (1912), and J. F. GRISWOLD,  The Rude Descending a Staircase (Rush Hour at the Subway) (1913)   
P6-6 | Solving the Problems Plaguing Native Americans
Carlos Montezuma, What Indians Must Do (1914)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  


Part 7: Domestic and Global Challenges (1890–1945)
  
Chapter 20: An Emerging World Power, 1890–1918   
20-1 | Senator Defends America’s Imperial Ambitions
Albert Beveridge, “The March of the Flag” Speech (1898)
  
20-2 | Deposed Queen Pleads for Her Island Kingdom
Liliuokalani, Hawaii’s Story by Hawaii’s Queen (1898)
  
20-3 | The New Diplomacy
PUCK, US President Theodore Roosevelt’s New Diplomacy, “Speak Softy and Carry  a Big Stick” (1901)  
 
20-4 | Antiwar Song Stirs Peace Movement
Alfred Bryan and Al Piantadosi, “I Didn’t Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier (1915) 
20-5 | Workers Protest Wartime Attacks
The Liberator, Tulsa, November 9th (1918)  
 
20-6 | President’s Fourteen Points for Postwar Peace
Woodrow Wilson, War Aims and Peace Terms (1918)
  
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Chapter 21: Unsettled Prosperity: From War to Depression, 1919–1932   
21-1 | Condemned Radical Protests Political Hysteria
BARTOLOMEO VANZETTI, Last Statement to the Court of Massachusetts (1927)  


21-2 | Women’s Rights Champion Pushes to Finish the Fight
CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT, Passing the Federal Suffrage Amendment (1918)   
21-3 | Progressive Party’s Call for Greater Democracy
Platform of the Conference for Progressive Political Action (1924)   
21-4 | Evangelist Condemns the Curse of Alcohol
Billy Sunday, Get on the Water Wagon (1915)  
 
21-5 | Harlem Renaissance Poet Sings the Blues
LANGSTON HUGHES, “The Weary Blues” (1926)
  
21-6 | Advertising the American Dream
Westinghouse Advertisement (1924) and Chevrolet Advertisement (1927)   
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Chapter 22: Managing the Great Depression, Forging the New Deal, 1929–1938   
22-1 | Defeated President Explains the Cause of the Depression
Herbert Hoover, Letter to Simeon Fess (1933)  
 
22-2 | President Inspires Depressed Nation with Promise of Action
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Inaugural Address (1933)  
 
22-3 | Outflanking Roosevelt with Plan to Share the Nation’s Wealth
Huey Long, “Every Man a King” (1934)  
 
22-4 | FDR’s New Deal Programs in Action
Michigan Artist Alfred Castagne Sketching WPA Construction Workers (1939)   
22-5 | Two Views of the National Recovery Administration
CLIFFORD K. BERRYMAN, “The Spirit of the New Deal” (1933) and “It’s So Hard to Find a Place for You” (1935)
  
22-6 | Reporting the Plight of Depression Families
martha gellhorn, Field Report to Harry Hopkins (1934)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Chapter 23: The World at War, 1937–1945   
23-1 | President Roosevelt Defines the Four Freedoms at Risk
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Annual Message to Congress on the State of the Union (1941)  


23-2 | Soldiers Describe D-Day Experience
Interviews with the Library of Congress Veterans History Project (2001, 2003)   
23-3 | Japanese Americans in the Crosshairs of War
Gordon Hirabayashi, Why I Refused to Register for Evacuation (1942)   
23-4 | Fighting for Democracy and Civil Rights at Home and Abroad
LULAC NEWS, Editorial (1945)
  
23-5 | Women and the War Effort
Women’s Safety Garments (1943)  
 
23-6 | President Explains Use of Atomic Bomb to End War
Harry Truman, Statement by the President Announcing the Use of the A-Bomb at Hiroshima (1945)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
PART 7 DOCUMENT SET: Defining American Identities in a Globalizing Age, 1890–1945    


P7-1 | Lower East Side Residents Condemn Immigration Commissioner
Citizens Committee of Orchard, Rivington, and East Houston Streets, New York City to William Howard Taft (1912)  
 
P7-2 | Advocating Cultural Pluralism
Horace Kallen, Democracy Versus the Melting Pot (1915)
  
P7-3 | Suffragists Bring Battle to the President
Woman Suffrage in Washington, District of Columbia (c. 1917–1918)    
P7-4 | Conservative Minister Defines Antimodern Identity
W. B. Riley, The Faith of the Fundamentalists (1927)   
P7-5 | African American Soldier Stands Up to Racial Discrimination
Private Charles F. Wilson to Franklin D. Roosevelt (1944)
 
P7-6 | Labor Organizer Describes Latino Plight in America
Luisa Moreno, Caravans of Sorrow (1940)
  
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Part 8: The Modern State and the Age of Liberalism (1945–1980)   
CHAPTER 24: Cold War America, 1945–1963   
24-1 | Containing the Communist Threat
George Kennan, “Long Telegram” to James Byrnes (1946)  
 
24-2 | Challenging Truman’s Containment Policy
Walter Lippmann, Cold War: A Study in U.S. Foreign Policy (1947)   
24-3 | Cultural Cold War
FELIX BELAIR JR., “United States Has Secret Sonic Weapon—Jazz” (1955)   
24-4 | Investigating the Communist Threat
Charlotte Oram, Testimony Before the Senate Committee on Investigations (1954)  
 
24-5 | Secretary of State Announces Cold War Defense Policy
John Foster Dulles, The Evolution of Foreign Policy (1954)  
 
24-6 | Finding Security in an Age of Anxiety
“Get the Feel of a Fallout Shelter” (c. 1950s)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Chapter 25: Triumph of the Middle Class, 1945–1963
  
25-1 | Congress Passes GI Bill of Rights
Servicemen’s Readjustment Act (1944)  
 
25-2 | Teen Culture in the Fifties
1950s Rock ’n’ Roll Dancers (c. 1950)  
 
25-3 | Evangelical Calls America to Christ
Billy Graham, Our Right to Require Belief (1956)
  
25-4 | Doctor’s Advice on Raising Healthy Children
Benjamin Spock, Dr. Spock’s Baby and Child Care (1946)
  
25-5 | National Concerns About the Corruptions of Youth
Comic Books and Juvenile Delinquency: Interim Report of the Committee on the Judiciary (1955)  
 
25-6 | The Pros and Cons of Subrubia
J. R. EYERMAN, Photograph of Los Angeles Development Boom (1952) AND MALVINA REYNOLDS, “Little Boxes” (1962)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
  
Chapter 26: Walking into Freedom Land: The Civil Rights Movement, 1941–1973   


26-1 | Southern Girl’s Introduction to Racism
Lillian Smith, Killers of the Dream (1949)  
 
26-2 | Southern Congressmen Issue Manifesto Against Brown v. Board Decision
Declaration of Constitutional Principles (1956)  
 
26-3 | Civil Rights Activist Challenges Racial Discrimination
FANNIE LOU HAMER, Testimony Before the Credentials Committee of the Democratic National Convention (1964)  
 
26-4 | Civil Rights Movement Takes a More Militant Turn
Malcolm X, The Ballot or the Bullet (1964)  
 
26-5 | Native Americans Claim Alcatraz Island
Indians of All Tribes, Proclamation: To the Great White Father and All His People (1970)  
 
26-6 | Chicano Civil Rights
La Raza Peace Moratorium Flyer, (1970)  


COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Chapter 27: Uncivil Wars: Liberal Crisis and Conservative Rebirth, 1961–1972
 
27-1 | President’s Vision for America
Lyndon Baines Johnson, The Great Society (1964)  
 
27-2 | Vietnam Vet Questions America’s War in Asia
John Kerry, Testimony Before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (1971)  


27-3 | Feminists Push for Equal Rights
JOHN OLSON, Women’s Rights March (1970)
  
27-4 | Mexican American Labor Leader Seeks Peaceful Path to Worker Rights
Cesar Chavez, Letter from Delano (1969) 


27-5 | Conservative Rebirth of the Republican Party
Barry Goldwater, Acceptance Speech at the Republican National Convention (1964)  


COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Chapter 28: The Search for Order in an Era of Limits, 1973–1980   
28-1 | Experiencing America’s Energy Dependence
JOSEPH FARRIS, “Let OPEC Tighten the Screws. The Larned A. Corys are Ready.” (1979)   


28-2 | Steel Town Faces Challenge of Deindustrialization
Robert Howard, Youngstown Fights Back (1979)  
 
28-3 | Abortion Case Highlights Divisions
Supreme Court Decision in Roe v. Wade (1973)  
 
28-4 | Conservative Response to Equal Rights Amendment
Phyllis Schlafly, Statement Opposing the ERA (1977)  
 
28-5 | Diagnosing the “National Malaise”
Jimmy Carter, The Crisis of Confidence (1979) 


28-6 | Evangelicals on the Rise
CHRISTIANITY TODAY, An Interview with the Lone Ranger of American Fundamentalism (1981)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
PART 8 Document Set: America’s Economic and Military Engagement with the World, 1945–1980   
 
P8-1 | Creating the National Security State to Fight the Cold War
NSC-68 (1950)  
 
P8-2 | U.S. Diplomat Defines America’s Interest in Guatemala
John D. Peurifoy, Letter to John M. Cabot, Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (1953)  
 
P8-3 | A “Peace Race” Proposal for Nuclear Disarmament
John F. Kennedy, Address to the United Nations General Assembly (1961)   
P8-4 | Diplomatic Impasse in Vietnam
Letters Between Lyndon Johnson and Ho Chi Minh (1967)  
 
P8-5 | Africa on America’s Cold War Radar
charles sanders, Kissinger in Africa (1976)   


P8-6 | America’s Crisis in Iran
Iranian Demonstrators Burn an Effigy of Uncle Sam (1979)  
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Part 9: GLOBALIZATION AND THE END OF THE AMERICAN CENTURY (1980–THE PRESENT)  


Chapter 29: Conservative America in the Ascent, 1980–1991   
29-1 | Reagan Lays Out the Conservative Challenge
Ronald Reagan, Remarks at the Conservative Political Action Conference Dinner (1981)  
 
29-2 | Reagan Insider Describes Supply-Side Economics
David Stockman, The Triumph of Politics: Why the Reagan Revolution Failed (1986)  
 
29-3 | The 1980s Culture of Greed
Wall Street (1987)
  
29-4 | Exposing Reagan’s Latin American Policies
Robert J. Henle, The Great Deception: What We Are Told About Central America (1986) 
 
29-5 | Civil Rights Leader Urges Referendum on Reagan Years
Jesse Jackson, Common Ground and Common Sense (1988)  
 
29-6 | America Reacts to Gulf War Victory
DON EMMERT, A Navy A-7 Corsair Jet Is Pulled Down Broadway (1991)   
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
Chapter 30: Confronting Global and National Dilemmas, 1989 to the Present   
30-1 | Protesting the World Trade Organization
Alesha Daughtrey, Interview by April Eaton (2)  
 
30-2 | Backlash Against Immigrants
California Proposition 187 (1994)  


30-3 | American Ambassador Defines U.S. Interests in Post–Cold War World
Madeleine Albright, Realism and Idealism in American Foreign Policy Today (1994)  
 
30-4 | President Responds to 9/11 Attacks
George W. Bush, Address to Congress (2001)  


30-5 | Democratic Presidential Candidate Confronts the Issue of Race
Barack Obama, A More Perfect Union (2008)  


30-6 | Protesting Trump
JAKE GREEN, Trump Protests—Michigan (2017)   
 
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
PART 9 Document Set: Work, Exchange, and Technology in America’s Global Economy 1980 to the Present          
P9-1 | Free-Market Fundamentalism Defines the Conservative Movement
Irving Kristol, Two Cheers for Capitalism (1978)  
 
P9-2 | Steelworker Explains Industry’s Collapse
LeRoy Mcclelland Sr., Interview with Bill Barry (2006)  
 
P9-3 | President Champions Promise of Free Trade
Bill Clinton, Remarks on Signing the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (1993)  
 
P9-4 | Retail Giant Dominates Global Marketplace
Charles Fishman, The Wal-Mart You Don’t Know (2003)  
 
P9-5 | Globalization’s Middle-Class Squeeze
Kevin Clarke, Outsourcing Around (2004)  


P9-6 | Mobilizing for a Higher Minimum Wage
SHANNON STAPLETON, Fast-Food Workers Rally for Higher Wages (2015)


COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  

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