Sources of the Western Tradition From the Scientific Revolution to the Present, Volume 2

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-07-02
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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This successful two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the history of ideas. Each of its 300 sources is accompanied by an introductory essay and review questions.

Table of Contents

Prologue: Examining Primary Sources
Introduction: The Middle Ages and the Modern World
EarlyModern Europe
The Rise of Modernity
The Humanists' Fascination with Antiquity
The Father of Humanism
Study of Greek Literature and a Humanist Educational Program
Human Dignity
Oration on the Dignity of Man
Break with Medieval Political Theory
The Prince
The Lutheran Reformation
On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and the Nature of the Clergy
Justification of Absolute Monarchy by Divine Right
True Law of Free Monarchies and A Speech to Parliament
A Secular Defense of Absolutism
The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution
The English Declaration of Rights
The Scientific Revolution
The Copernican Revolution
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
Attack on the Copernican Theory
Expanding the New Astronomy
The Starry Messenger
Critique of Authority
Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems--Ptolemaic and Copernican
Prophet of Modern Science
Attack on Authority and Advocacy of Experimental Science
The Autonomy of the Mind
Discourse on Method
The Mechanical Universe
Principia Mathematica
The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment Outlook
What Is Enlightenment?
Political Liberty
Second Treatise on Government
Declaration of Independence
Attack on the Old Regime
A Plea for Tolerance and Reason
Attack on Religion
The Age of Reason
Good Sense
Epistemology and Education
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Some Thoughts Concerning Education
Essays on the Mind and A Treatise on Man
Compendium of Knowledge
Rousseau: Political Reform
The Social Contract
Judicial and Penal Reform
On Crimes and Punishments
Prisons in England and Wales
Questioning European Values
Supplement to the Voyage of Bouganville
Slavery Condemned
Encyclopedia "Men and Their Liberty Are Not Objects of Commerce...."
The Evils of Slavery
Thoughts Upon Slavery
On the Progress of Humanity
Progress of the Human Mind
Modern Europe
The French Revolution
Abuses of the Old Regime
Plight of the French Peasants
Grievances of the Third Estate
Bourgeois Disdain for Special Privileges of the Aristocracy
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens
Expansion of Human Rights
Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Society of the Friends of Blacks: Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade
Petition of the Jews of Paris, Alsace, and Lorraine to the National Assembly, January 28, 1790
The Jacobin Regime
The Levy in Mass
Republic of Virtue
Demands for Economic Justice
Conspiracy of the Equals
Napoleon: Destroyer and Preserver of the Revolution
Leader, General, Tyrant, Reformer
The Industrial Revolution
Early Industrialization
Britain's Industrial Advantages and the Factory System
The Division of Labor
The Capitalist Ethic
Self-Help and Thrift
Factory Discipline
Factory Rules
The Dark Side of Industrialization
Sadler Commission: Report on Child Labor
The New Science of Political Economy
The Wealth of Nations
On the Principle of Population
Romanticism, Reaction, Revolution
Tables Turned
Reflections on the Revolution in France
The Odious Ideas of The Philosophs
Essay on the Generative Principle of Political Constitutions
On Liberty
Nationalism and Repression in Germany
The War of Liberation
The Call for German Unity
Karlsbad Decrees
The Spread of Liberal Ideals to Russia
The Revolt Against Tsarist Autocracy
The Call for Italian Unity
Young Italy
f1848: The Year of Revolutions
The June Days
Revolution Spreads to the German States
Thought and Culture in an Age of Science and Industry
Realism and Naturalism
The Poetry of Reality; ?mile Zola: The Experimental Novel
Hard Times
Theory of Evolution
Natural Selection
Darwinism and Religion
A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology
The Socialist Revolution
Communist Manifesto
The Evolution of Liberalism
Justification for State Intervention
The Man Versus the State
Politics and Society, 1845-1914
The Irish Potato Famine
The Famine in Skibbereen
The Lower Classes
The Pains of Poverty
The Yearning for Social Justice
In Darkest England
Working Conditions for Women in Russian Factories
Prostitution in Victorian London
The Odyssey of a Prostitute
Prostitution in Hamburg
Feminism and Antifeminism
The Subjection of Women
Why We Are Militant
The Goncourt Brothers: On Female Inferiority
The Unexpurgated Case Against Woman Suffrage
Anti-Semitism: Regression to the Irrational
The Semitic Versus the Teutonic Race
Jewish France; The Kishinev Pogrom, 1903
The Jewish State
European Imperialism
The Spirit of British Imperialism
Confession of Faith
The British Empire: Colonial Commerce and "The White Man's Burden"
Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified by Nature
An Early Critique of Imperialism
Seeking a Place in the Sun
Does Germany Need Colonies?
Colonization among Modern People
European Rule in Africa
Imperialism in Practice
The Black Man's Burden
An Embattled Colonial Officer in East Africa
A Concerned Doctor in Tropical Africa
British Rule in India
Speech to the Calcutta Legislature, 1878
Passive Resistance
Modern Consciousness
The Overman and the Will to Power
The Will to Power and The Antichrist
The Unconscious
The Unconscious, Psychoanalysis, and Civilization and Its Discontents
The Political Potential of the Irrational
Reflections on Violence
Mass Psychology
Western Civilization in Crisis
World War I
Militarism and Anti-Militarism
The Greatness of War
Germany and the Next War
"Militarism...Impedes...Progress in Civilization"
Nationalism and Terrorism
The Black Hand
Austrian Response to the Assassination
War as Celebration: The Mood in European Capitals
Paris: "That Fabulous Day"
Vienna: "The Rushing Feeling of Fraternity"
Berlin: "The Hour We Yearned For"
London: "Average Men and Women Were Delighted at the Prospect of War"
Trench Warfare
All Quiet on the Western Front
Base Details
Women at War
Genteel Women in the Factories
Opposition to Female Employment
The Paris Peace Conference
The Idealistic View
French Demands for Security and Revenge
German Delegation to the Paris Peace Conference: A Peace of Might
The Bolshevik Revolution
Army Intelligence Report: The Breakdown of Military Discipline
Trotsky Arouses the People
The Call to Power
The War and European Consciousness
The Lost Generation
Brutalization of the Individual
A Legacy of Embitterment
Era of Totalitarianism
Modernize or Perish
The Hard Line
Forced Collectivization
Liquidation of the Kulaks
Terror in the Countryside
Famine in Ukraine
Execution by Hunger
Soviet Indoctrination
The Cult of Stalin
Literature as Propaganda
Stalin's Terror
Khrushchev's Secret Speech
True Stories
The Rise of Italian Fascism
Fascist Doctrines
The Rise of Nazism
Mein Kampf
The Demagogic Orator
An Appeal to Reason
The Leader-State
"The Authority of the F?hrer Is...All-Inclusive and Unlimited"
The Nazification of Culture and Society
The Youth Who Are Hitler's Strength
"Jewish Science" Versus "German Science"
Hereditary and Racial Biology for Students
Book Burning
Persecution of the Jews
A German Jewish Doctor's Diary
Memoirs of a German Jewish Woman
The Anguish of the Intellectuals
The Revolt of the Masses
"I Was Ripe to be Converted"
Modern Ideologies at Variance with Christianity
World War II
Prescient Observers of Nazi Germany
"Pacifism Is the Deadliest of Sins"
"The Nazis Were After...Unlimited Territorial Expansion"
The Anschluss, March 1938
The World of Yesterday
The Munich Agreement
In Defense of Appeasement
"A Disaster of the First Magnitude"
World War II Begins
"Poland Will Be Depopulated and Settled with Germans"
The Fall of France
"French Leadership...Could Not Grasp the Significance of the Tank in Mobile Warfare"
The Battle of Britain
"Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat"
Nazi Propaganda: for Volk, F?hrer, and Fatherland
The Indoctrination of the German Soldier
Stalingrad: A Turning Point
Diary of a German Soldier
A Soviet Veteran Recalls
Memories and Reassessments
The Holocaust
Slaughter of Jews in the Ukraine
Commandant of Auschwitz
Concentration Camp Life and Death
"We Seek Reconciliation"
Reflections of a Survivor
10 D-Day, June 6, 1944 Historical Division, War Department: Omaha Beachhead
The End of the Third Reich
The Liberation of Dachau
"The Morale of the German People, Both at Home and at the Front, Is Sinking Ever Lower"
"We're in the Hands of a Mob, Not Soldiers, and They're All Drunk out of Their Minds"
Political Testament
Western Europe: The Dawn of a New Era
The Aftermath: Devastation and Demoralization
European Witness
Europe in Ruins
Germany Confronts Its Past
The Burden of Guilt
The Cold War
"The Iron Curtain"
Report to the Twentieth Party Congress
Communist Repression
The New Class
The Hungarian Revolution, 1956
The Twilight of Imperialism
The Evils of Colonialism
India's Resentment of the British
Imperialism's Benefits by an Anti-Imperialist African
The Contemporary World
The West in an Age of Globalism
The Collapse of Communism
The Failure of Communism
The New Russia: The Trauma of Transition from Communism
The Negative Consequences of "Shock Therapy" Capitalism
Crime and Corruption
Ethnic Minorities
Bringing the Immigration Issue to the Center of Politics
Violence and Xenophobia in Germany
Multiculturalism and Love of One's Country
Commission for the Abolishment of Sexual Mutilations: African Immigrants in France: The Controversy over Female Circumcision
Ethnic Cleansing: Slaughter in Yugoslavia
"The Enemy Is Not Human"
Genocide in Rwanda: Western Inaction
Priests, Doctors, and Teachers Turn Genocidal
The Lingering Appeal of Fascism
Inside the Neo-Nazi Scene
Globalization: Patterns and Problems
Globalization as an International System
Islamic Terrorism
The Betrayal of the West
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