A Speaker's Guidebook

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-11-13
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
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Now also available with additional coverage of rhetorical theory!A Speaker's Guidebookis the most successful public speaking book in over a decade and the best resource for students both in and outside the classroom. Praised for connecting with students and addressing their most pressing needs, it is the easiest-to-use public speaking text available and the text that studentskeep. This tabbed, comb-bound text covers all topics taught in the introduction to public speaking course. In addition,A Speaker's Guidebookoffers coverage that's useful for a lifetime of public speaking with unparalleled treatment of speaking in other courses and on the job. Now for instructors who teach with a focus on rhetoric and persuasion, we are proud to offer an additional version of the text.A Speaker's Guidebook with The Essential Guide to Rhetoricincludes a full tabbed section that provides brief yet comprehensive coverage of rhetorical theory from the classical to the contemporary and its practical applications.

Author Biography

DAN O'HAIR is president of the National Communication Association and professor and chair of the department of communication at the University of Oklahoma. He is coauthor of six communication texts including A Speaker's Guidebook, (2007), Public Speaking: Challenges and Choices (1999) and Competent Communication (1997). He is also the author of more than 40 research articles and book chapters.

ROB STEWART is an associate dean of arts and sciences and professor of communication studies at Texas Tech University. He is coauthor of A Speaker's Guidebook (2007), Public Speaking: Challenges and Choices (1999) and has also published over 30 articles and book chapters.

is a writer and editor who has used her academic training in communication (M.A., Fairfield University) to guide her collaborations on A Speaker's Guidebook (2007), Public Speaking: Challenges and Choices (1999) and other successful college texts. She heads her own communication firm, Hedgehog Productions.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - Becoming a Public Speaker
Why Study Public Speaking?
    Advance Your Professional Goals
    Accomplish Personal Goals
    Enhance Your Career As A Student
    Explore And Share Values
    Hone Critical Thinking And Listening Skills
Become An Engaged Citizen
The Classical Roots of Public Speaking
    Classicial Terms and the Canons of Rhetoric
    A Rich and Relevant Heritage
Public Speaking as a Form of Communication
    Similarities Between Public Speaking And Other Forms Of Communication
    Differences Between Public Speaking And Other Forms Of Communication
Public Speaking and the Communication Process
    Elements Of Communication
Learning to Speak in Public
    Draw On Familiar Skills
    Conversation and Public Speaking
    Recognize Public Speaking’s Unique Requirements

CHAPTER 2 - Giving it a Try: Preparing Your First Speech
A Brief Overview of the Speechmaking Process
    Select a Topic
    Analyze the Audience
    Determine the Speech Purpose
    Compose a Thesis Statement
    Develop the Main Points
    Gather Supporting Materials
    Separate the Speech into Its Major Parts
    Outline the Speech
    Consider Presentation Aids
    Practice Delivering the Speech
Take the Plunge
    Sample Visually Annotated Introductory Speech
        Ashley White, "The Dance of Life"
    Sample Annotated Speech
       Lisa Tran, "Past, Present, and Future"
CHAPTER 3 – Managing Speech Anxiety
What Makes Speakers Anxious?
    Lack of Positive Experience
    Feeling Different
    Being the Center of Attention
Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety
    Pre-preparation Anxiety
    Preparation Anxiety
    Pre-performance Anxiety
    Performance Anxiety
Strategies for Getting Started with Confidence
    Prepare and Practice
    Modify Thoughts and Attitudes
    Visualize Success
    Use Relaxation Techniques
    Learn from the Speech Evaluation
    Enjoy the Occasion
CHAPTER 4 – Listeners and Speakers
The Selective Nature of Listening
Listening and Speaking as Dialogic Communication
Barriers to Active Listening
    Listening Distractions
    Scriptwriting and Defensive Listening
    Laziness and Overconfidence
    Cultural Barriers
Becoming a More Active Listener
    Set Listening Goals
    Listen for Main Ideas
    Watch for Nonverbal Clue
Active Listening and Critical Thinking
Guidelines for Evaluating Speeches and Presentations
    Be Honest and Fair in Your Evaluation
    Adjust to the Speaker’s Style
    Be Compassionate in Your Criticism
CHAPTER 5 - Ethical Public Speaking
Take Responsibility For Your Words
    Earn Your Listeners' Trust
    Respect Your Listeners' Values
    Bring Your Own Values into Focus
Use Your Rights of Free Speech Responsibly
Contribute to Positive Public Discourse
Observe the Ground Rules for Ethical Speaking
    Be Trustworthy
    Demonstrate Respect
    Make Responsible Choices
    Demonstrate Fairness
Avoid Plagiarism
    Rules for Avoiding Plagiarism
    Avoid Plagiarism on the Intenert
Respect the Laws of Copyright and Fair Use
CHAPTER 6 – Analyzing the Audience
Adapt to Audience Psychology
    Identify Audience Members’ Attitudes, Beliefs, And Values
    Identify Listeners’ Disposition To The Topic, Speaker, And Occasion
Adapt to Audience Demographics
    Socioeconomic Status
    Political Affiliation
    Ethnic or Cultural Background
Adapt to Cultural Differences
    Hofstede’s Value-Dimensions Model
    Lewis’ Cultural Types Model
    Consult Cross-Cultural Polls
    Focus on Shared Values
Techniques for Learning about Your Audience
    Published Sources
Analyze the Speech Setting
    Size Of Audience And Physical Setting
    Time And Length Of Speech
    The Speech Context (Rhetorical Situation)
CHAPTER 7 – Selecting a Topic and Purpose
Assigned versus Self-Selected Topics
Identifying the General Speech Purpose
    When the General Speech Purpose Is to Inform
    When the General Speech Purpose Is to Persuade
    When the General Speech Purpose Is to Mark a Special Occasion
Choosing a Topic for the Classroom Speech
    Personal Interests: Looking Within
    Current Events and Controversial Issues
    Grassroots Issues — Opportunities for Civic Engagement
    Avoid Topics That Are Overdone: You Be the Expert
Using Brainstorming to Generate Ideas
    Word Association
    Topic Mapping
    From Source to Speech: Brainstorming on the Web
Refining the Topic and Purpose
    Narrowing the Topic
    Forming a Specific Speech Purpose
From Topic and Purpose to Thesis Statement
    Use the Thesis Statement to Convey the Central Idea
    Use the Thesis Statement to Guide your Speech Preparation
    From Source to Speech: Narrowing Your Topic Using a Library Portal
Making the Thesis Statement Relevant and Motivating
CHAPTER 8 – Developing Supporting Material
Use a Variety of Supporting Materials
Refer Orally to Your Sources
Offer Examples
    Brief Examples
    Extended Examples
    Hypothetical Examples
Share Stories
Draw on Testimony
Provide Facts and Statistics
    Use Statistics Accurately
    Present Your Statistics Ethically
    Use Visual Aids Whenever Possible
Win Acceptance of Your Supporting Materials
    From Source to Speech: Demonstrating Your Sources’ Reliability and Credibility
CHAPTER 9 – Locating Supporting Material
Before You Begin: Plan a Research Strategy
Secondary Resources: Print and Electronically Stored Sources
    Library Resources to Facilitate Your Search
    Newspapers and Periodicals
    Government Publications
    Reference Works
Primary Resources: Interviews and Surveys
Documenting Your Resources
    Record References as You Go
    Choose Helpful Tools
    Identify Quoted, Paraphrased, an Summarized Material
    Critically Evaluate Your Sources
    From Source to Speech: Recording and Citing Books
    From Source to Speech: Recording and Citing Articles and Periodicals
CHAPTER 10 – Using the Internet to Support Your Speech
Begin Your Search at a Library Portal
    Virtual Libraries
Be a Critical Consumer of Information
    Be Alert To Commercial Factors Affecting Search Results
Make the Most of Internet Search Tools
    Distinguish Among Types of Search Engines
        Individual versus Meta-Search Engines
        Specialized Search Engines
    Understand How Subject (Web) Directories Work
    Know When to Use Search Engines and Subject Directories
Conduct Smart Searches
    Use Basic Search Commands
    Use Field Searching To Further Narrow Results
Record and Cite Internet Sources
Organizing and Outlining
CHAPTER 11 – Organizing the Speech
Beyond the Speech: Organization as a Life Skill
Main Points, Supporting Points, and Transitions
Main Points: Making the Claim
    Using the Purpose and Thesis Statements as Guides
    • CHECKLIST: Do the Speech Points Illustrate or Prove the Thesis?
    Number of Main Points
    Strategies for Limiting Main Points
    Form of Main Points
Supporting Points: Substantiating the Claim
    Position of Supporting Points
Principles of Organizing Main and Supporting Points
    • CHECKLIST: Do the Speech Points Reflect Unity, Coherence, and Balance?
Transitions: Giving Direction to the Speech
    Transitions among Main Points
    Transitions among Supporting Points
    Sample Techniques for Posing Transitions
    Using Internal Previews and Summaries as Transitions
    • CHECKLIST: Using Transitions
    From Point to Point: Using Transitions to Guide Your Listeners
CHAPTER 12 – Types of Organizational Arrangements
Arranging Speech Points Topically
Arranging Speech Points Chronologically
Arranging Speech Points Using a Spatial Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Using a Causal (Cause-Effect) Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Using a Problem-Solution Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Using a Narrative Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Using a Circle Pattern
    • CHECKLIST: Matching the Organizational Pattern to the Audience
    • PUBLIC SPEAKING IN CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE: Arrangement Formats and Audience Diversity
CHAPTER 13 – Outlining the Speech
Plan on Creating Two Outlines
    Types of Outline Formats
    Effects of Outline Format on Speech Delivery
Begin with a Working Outline
    Separate Introduction and Conclusion from the Body
    List Your Sources
    Create a Title
    • CHECKLIST: Steps in Creating a Working Outline
    Sample Working Outline
Preparing the Speaking Outline
    Clearly Indicate Delivery Cues
    • CHECKLIST: Tips on Using Notecards or Sheets of Paper
    Practice the Speech
    • CHECKLIST: Steps in Creating a Speaking Outline
    Sample Speaking Outline
    Full-Text Speech: Staying Ahead of Spyware
Introductions, Conclusions, and Language
CHAPTER 14 – Developing the Introduction
Functions of the Introduction
    Gain Attention: The First Step
    • SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Using Humor Appropriately
    Introduce the Purpose and Topic
    • PUBLIC SPEAKING IN CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE: Humor and Culture: When the Jokes Fall Flat
    Preview the Main Points
    Motivate the Audience to Accept Your Goals
    •SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: How Effective Is Your Introduction?
    Make the Topic Relevant
    Establish Credibility As a Speaker
Guidelines for Preparing the Introduction
    • CHECKLIST: Guidelines for Preparing the Introduction
CHAPTER 15 – Developing the Conclusion
Functions of Conclusions
    Signal the Close of a Speech and Provide Closure
    Summarize the Main Points and Goals
    Reiterate the Topic and Speech Purpose
    Challenge the Audience to Respond
Make the Conclusion Memorable
    • CHECKLIST: Making the Conclusion Memorable 225
    Use Quotations
    • CHECKLIST: How Effective Is Your Conclusion?
    Tell a Story
    Pose a Rhetorical Question
Guidelines for Preparing the Conclusion
    • CHECKLIST: Guidelines for Preparing the Conclusion
CHAPTER 16 – Using Language to Style the Speech
Prepare Your Speeches for the Ear
    Strive for Simplicity
    Aim for Conciseness
    • ESL SPEAKER’S NOTES: Using Contractions
    Consider Phrases and Sentence Fragments
    Use Repetition and Transitions
    • SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Does Your Speech Incorporate Effective Oral Style?
    Use Personal Pronouns
    • CHECKLIST: Personalizing Your Speech with Personal Pronouns
Choose Language That Encourages Shared Meaning
    Use Culturally Sensitive and Unbiased Language
    • PUBLIC SPEAKING IN CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE: Adapting your Language to Diverse Audiences
    Choose Concrete Words
    • CHECKLIST: Considering Your Cultural Intelligence Quotient
    • SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Is Your Speech Language Concrete?
    Offer Vivid Imagery
Choose Language That Builds Credibility
    Use Appropriate Language
    Use Language Accurately
    Choose Words That Convey Confidence and Conviction
    • CHECKLIST: Does Your Language Build Trust and Credibility?
Choose Language That Creates a Lasting Impression
    Use Repetition for Rhythm and Reinforcement
    Use Alliteration for a Poetic Quality
    Use Parallelism to Drive Your Points Home
Vocal and Nonverbal Delivery
CHAPTER 17 – Methods of Delivery
Qualities of Effective Delivery
    Strive for Naturalness
    Show Enthusiasm
    Project a Sense of Confidence
    Be Direct
Select a Method of Delivery
    Speaking from Manuscript
    • ESL SPEAKER’S NOTES: Avoiding the Pitfalls of Manuscript Delivery
    Speaking from Memory
    Speaking Impromptu
    • CHECKLIST: Speaking Off-the-Cuff: Preparing for the Impromptu Speech 256
     Speaking Extemporaneously
    • ETHICALLY SPEAKING: A Tool for Good and Evil
    • CHECKLIST: Ready for the Call: Preparing for the Extemporaneous Speech
CHAPTER 18 – The Voice in Delivery
    • CHECKLIST: Tips on Using a Microphone
Vocal Variety
    • SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Practice Check for Vocal Effectiveness
    • ESL SPEAKER’S NOTES: Vocal Variety and the Non-Native Speaker
Pronunciation and Articulation
   • CHECKLIST: Overcoming Articulation Problems
CHAPTER 19 – The Body in Delivery
Functions of Nonverbal Communication in Delivery
    Clarify Verbal Messages
    Facilitate Feedback
    Establish Relationships Between Speaker and Audience
    Establish Speaker Credibility 268
Pay Attention to Body Movement
    Animate Your Facial
    • SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Tips for Using Effective Facial Expressions
    Maintain Eye Contact
    Use Gestures That Feel
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Effective Gesturing
    Be Aware of General Body Movement
    Dress Appropriately
    • CHECKLIST: Broad Dress Code Guidelines
    • PUBLIC SPEAKING IN CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE: Nonverbal Communication Patterns in Different Cultures
Practice the Delivery
    Focus on the Message
    Record the Speech
    Be Prepared to Revise Your Speaking Notes
    Practice Under Realistic Conditions
    Time Your Speech
    Plan Ahead and Practice Often
    • CHECKLIST: Practicing Your Speech
Presentation Aids
CHAPTER 20 – Using Presentation Aids in the Speech
Functions of Presentation Aids
    Help Listeners Process and Retain Information
    Promote Interest and Motivation
    Convey Information Concisely
    Lend a Professional Image
Types of Presentation Aids
    Props and Models
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Using Props Effectively
    Pictures (Photographs, Drawings, Diagrams, Maps, and Posters)
    Graphs and Charts
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Creating Effective Pictograms
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Creating Effective Line, Bar, and Pie Graphs
    Audio and Video
    • CHECKLIST: Tips on Incorporating Audio and Video Into Your Presentation
Options for Displaying the Presentation Aid
    Overhead Transparencies
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Successfully Incorporating Presentation Aids into Your Speech
    Computer-Generated Graphics and Display
    • CHECKLIST: Tips on Using Overhead Transparencies 293
    Flip Charts
    From Idea to Image: Creating Visual Aids
CHAPTER 21 – Designing Presentation Aids
    • CHECKLIST: Applying the Principles of Simplicity and Continuity
Typeface Style and Font Size
   • CHECKLIST: Tips for Using Typefaces, Fonts, and Sizes Effectively
    • CHECKLIST: Optimizing Your Use of Color
CHAPTER 22 – Using Presentation Software
It's a Speech, Not a Slide Show
    • CHECKLIST: Preventive Maintenance: Avoiding PowerPoint Technical Glitches
A Brief Guide to Using PowerPoint
    Become Familiar with the Presentation Options
    • CHECKLIST: Using PowerPoint's AutoContent Wizard or Slide Layouts
    Editing Text
    Using Slide Inserts
    • CHECKLIST: Inserting Tables and Worksheets into PowerPoint
    Using Transitions and Animation Effects
Developing PowerPoint Slides for a Speech
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Successfully Using PowerPoint Presentations in Your Speech
    From PowerPoint to Presentation: Developing Effective Slides

CHAPTER 23 – The Informative Speech
Goals and Strategies of Informative Speaking
    Look for Ways to Increase Understanding
    • CHECKLIST: Help Listeners Process and Retain Information
    Differentiate Between Informing and Persuading
    Gauge the Audience’s Informational Needs
    Demonstrate the Topic’s Relevance Early On
    Preview Main Points
    Present New and Interesting Information
Types of Informative Speeches
    Speeches about Objects or Phenomena
    Speeches about People
    Speeches about Events
    Speeches about Processes
    Speeches about Issues
    Speeches about Concepts
Approaches to Conveying Information
    • CHECKLIST: Define Your Terms 332
    • CHECKLIST: Using the Power of Language to Connect with the Audience
Strategies for Reducing Confusion
    Use Analogies to Build on Prior Knowledge
    Demonstrate Underlying Causes
    • CHECKLIST: Strategies for Explaining Complex Information
    Check for Understanding
Appeal to Different Learning Styles
Organizing the Informative Speech
    • CHECKLIST: Guidelines for Clearly Communicating Your Informative Message
    SAMPLE SPEECH OF DEMONSTRATION: An Ounce of Prevention Keeps the Germs Away, Christie Collins
    SAMPLE VISUALLY ANNOTATED INFORMATIVE SPEECH: Necessity and the Father of Invention: John Kanzius and the Quest to Cure Cancer, David Kruckenberg
CHAPTER 24 – The Persuasive Speech
What Is a Persuasive Speech?
    Persuasive Speeches Attempt to Influence Audience Choices
    • CHECKLIST: Conditions for Choosing a Persuasive Purpose
    Persuasive Speeches Limit Alternatives
    Persuasive Speeches Seek a Response
    • ETHICALLY SPEAKING: Persuasive Speeches Respect Audience Choices
The Process of Persuasion
    • CHECKLIST: Increasing the Odds of Achieving Your Persuasive Speech Goals
Classical Persuasive Appeals: Using Proofs
    Logos: Proof by Reason
    Pathos: Proof by Emotion
    • ETHICALLY SPEAKING: Using Emotions Ethically
    Ethos: Proof through Speaker Character
    • CHECKLIST: Displaying Ethos in the Persuasive Speech
Contemporary Persuasive Appeals
    Persuading Listeners by Appealing to Their Needs
    Persuading Listeners by Appealing to the Reasons for Their Behavior
    Persuading Listeners by Focusing on What’s Most Relevant to Them
    Persuading Listeners through Speaker Credibility
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Increasing Speaker Credibility
CHAPTER 25Developing Arguments for the Persuasive Speech
What Is an Argument?
    • ETHICALLY SPEAKING: Engaging in Arguments in the Public Arena
    Stating a Claim
    Providing Evidence
    Warrants: Justifying the Link Between the Claim and Evidence
Types of Claims, Evidence, and Warrants
    Claims Used in Persuasive Speeches: Fact, Value, and Policy
    Using Evidence to Support Your Claims
    • PUBLIC SPEAKING IN CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE: Addressing Culture in the Persuasive Speech
    • CHECKLIST: Testing the Strength of Your Evidence
    Types of Warrants Used to Link Claims with Evidence
    • CHECKLIST: Making Effective Use of Reasoning by Cause
    Addressing the Other Side of the Argument
    • CHECKLIST: Techniques for Addressing Competing Arguments
Fallacies in Reasoning
    Begging the Questions
    Either-Or Fallacy
    Ad Hominem Argument
    Red Herring
    Hasty Generalization
    Non Sequitur
    Slippery Slope
    Appeal to Tradition
CHAPTER 26 – Organizing the Persuasive Speech
Factors to Consider When Choosing an Organizational Pattern
    Arguments and Evidence
    Target Audience
    Specific Speech Purpose
Problem-Solution Pattern of Arrangement
    • CHECKLIST: Organizing a Claim of Policy
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
    Step 1: Attention
    Step 2: Need
    Step 3: Satisfaction
    Step 4: Visualization
    • CHECKLIST: Steps in the Motivated Sequence
    Step 5: Action
Comparative Advantage Pattern of Arrangement
Refutation Pattern of Arrangement
    SAMPLE PERSUASIVE SPEECH: The Need for Disability Awareness, Amy Taber
    SAMPLE VISUALLY ANNOTATED PERSUASIVE SPEECH: Emergency in the Emergency Room, Lisa Roth
    SAMPLE VISUALLY ANNOTATED PERSUASIVE SPEECH: Choosing the Right Path, Elipidio Villarreal
CHAPTER 27 – Special Occasion Speeches
Functions of Special Occasion Speeches
    Social Agenda-Setting
Types of Special Occasion Speeches
    Speeches of Introduction
    Speeches of Acceptance
    • CHECKLIST: Guidelines for Introducing Other Speakers
    • CHECKLIST: Guidelines for Delivering Speeches of Acceptance
    Speeches of Presentation
    Roasts and Toasts
    Eulogies and Other Tributes
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Delivering Effective Eulogies
    After-Dinner Speeches
    Speeches of Inspiration
    • CHECKLIST: Delivering a Successful Speech of Inspiration
    • ETHICALLY SPEAKING: Beware of Violating Audience Expectations
    Remarks at the Virginia Tech Convocation, Governor Tim Kaine
Speaking Beyond the Speech Classroom
CHAPTER 28 – Communicating in Groups
Becoming an Effective Group Participant
    Assuming Roles within the Group
    Using Productive Conflict to Focus on the Issues
    Pursuing a Collective Mind While Avoiding Groupthink
Leading a Group
    Setting Goals
    • CHECKLIST: Guidelines for Setting Group Goals
    Encouraging Active Participation
    • CHECKLIST: Techniques to Encourage Group Participation
Making Decisions in Groups
Making Presentations in Groups
CHAPTER 29 – Business and Professional Presentations
Public Versus Presentational Speaking
    Topic Selection
    Audience Composition
    Audience Participation
    Speaker Expertise
Common Types of Business and Professional Presentations
    Sales Presentations
    • CHECKLIST: Using Monroe’s Motivated Sequence to Organize a Sales Presentation
    • CHECKLIST: Preparing a Proposal
    Staff Reports
    • CHECKLIST: Preparing a Staff Report
    Progress Reports
    • CHECKLIST: Preparing a Progress Report
    Crisis-Response Presentations
    • ESL SPEAKER’S NOTES: Steps to Counteract Problems in Being Understood
    • ETHICALLY SPEAKING: Code of Ethics for Professional Communicators
CHAPTER 30 – Speaking in Other College Courses
Review of an Academic Article
Team Presentations
    Designate a Team Leader 
    Assign Roles and Tasks
    Establish a Consistent Format
    Rehearse the Presentation
    • CHECKLIST: Assigning Roles for the Group Presentation
    • CHECKLIST: Team Presentation Tips
    Take a Side
    Advance Strong Arguments
    "Flow" the Debate
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Winning a Debate
Poster Sessions
Addressing Typical Audiences
Speaking in Science and Mathematics Courses
    • CHECKLIST: Tips on Presenting to a Mixed Audience
    The Research (Oral Scientific) Presentation
    • CHECKLIST: Evaluating Your Original Research Presentation
    The Methods/Procedure Presentation
    The Research Overview
    Field Study Presentation
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Producing Effective Poster Sessions
    Preparing Effective Presentations in Science and Mathematics
    • CHECKLIST: Tips for Preparing Successful Scientific Presentations
Speaking in Technical Courses
    The Design Review
    The Request for Funding
    Preparing Effective Technical Presentations
    The Architecture Design Review
Speaking in Social Science Courses
    Debate Controversial Topics
    Provide a Review of the Literature
    Explain Social Phenomena
    Evaluate Policies and Programs
    Recommend Policies
    Preparing Effective Presentations in the Social Sciences
Speaking in Arts and Humanities Courses
    Informative Speeches of Description and Analysis
    Presentations That Compare and Contrast
    Classroom Discussions
    Preparing Effective Presentations in the Arts and Humanities
Speaking in Education Courses
    Delivering a Lecture
    Facilitating a Group Activity
    Facilitating a Classroom Discussion
    Preparing Effective Presentations in Education
Speaking in Nursing and Allied Health Courses
    Community Service Learning Project
    Treatment Plan Reports (Case Conferences/Shift Reports)
    Policy Recommendation Report
    Preparing Effective Presentations in Nursing and Allied Health Courses
Sample Informative Speech
    Nonmonetary Uses of Gold, Christa Kim
Sample Persuasive Speech
    Tales of Our Grandmothers, Anita Taylor
Sample Special Occasion Speech
    2004 University of Pennsylvania Commencement Address, Bono
A – Handling Question-and-Answer Sessions
B – Preparing for Mediated Communication
C – Public Discussions: Panels, Symposiums, and Forums
D – Mispronounced Words
E – Chicago Documentation
F – APA Documentation
G – MLA Documentation
H – CBE/CSE Documentation
I – IEEE Documentation
J – Glossary

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