Spirituality in Counseling and Psychotherapy : An Integrative Approach That Empowers Clients

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2013-03-18
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Spirituality and Religion in Counseling and Psychotherapy offers a practical approach that utilizes thematically based, personally accessible notions of spirituality and an integration of various traditional and contemporary counseling theories. The author provides a model that integrates existing counseling theories, revolving around the concept of the Real Self, with spiritual themes. By encouraging readers to increase their personal awareness and spiritual differentiation, they can enhance their clinical effectiveness with spiritual issues and avoid ethical transgressions related to imposing their beliefs or personalizing client issues.

Author Biography

PATRICK "RICK" JOHNSON, PhD, is Department Chair of the Counselor Education Department at Portland State University. Previously, he was an assistant and associate professor at Montana State University. Dr. Johnson is also a licensed psychologist and maintains an active private practice. His research and scholarly agendas focus on the effects of family experiences on psychosocial development in adolescence and adulthood, as well as the integration of psychological and spiritual health.

Table of Contents

Chapter One Spiritual Competencies and Premises

Basic Premises

Spirituality and Religion

Chapter Two Client-Defined Spirituality


External Presence and Inner Knowing

Transcendent and Ordinary Experiences

Present Moment Awareness


Love and Fear

Free Will

Creativity and Artistic Expression

Nature and Natural Beauty


Personal Relationship

Thematic Integration

Chapter Three Integrating Spirituality with Psychological Theories



Object Relations & Attachment Theories

Interpersonal: Horney

Humanism: Rogers

Control-Mastery Theory: Weiss

Internal Family Systems Theory: Schwartz

Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Linehan

Transpersonal and Integral Theories

Life Span Development Theories

Thematic Integration

Chapter Four Getting Lost: Psychological and Spiritual Perspectives

Why Clients Get Lost

A Spiritual Perspective

Chapter Five Spiritual Health and Abundance: Practical Steps

Being Open to Client-Defined Spirituality

Utilizing Spirituality for Resourcing

Inviting Spirituality to Inform Personal Integrity

Evaluating Life Structures

Therapeutic Support for Evaluating Life Structures

Remembering and Committing to Spiritual Practice

Chapter Six Integrating the Shadow

The Shadow

How Shadows Form

When Clients Marry their Shadow


Chapter Seven Self and No-Self


An Integration of Self and No-Self

Helping Clients Reclaim their Real Self

Chapter Eight How Spiritually-Oriented Therapy Helps

A Collaborative Team



Re-Experiencing Relational Dynamics

New Relationship with the Real Self

Embracing Inner Health

Embracing Relationship Health

Utilizing Spiritually-Oriented Therapy

Final Thoughts

Chapter Nine Spiritual-Differentiation

The Identity and Differentiation Process

Characteristics of Well-Differentiated Individuals

Increasing Differentiation

Increasing Therapist Spiritual-Differentiation

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