Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-07-01
  • Publisher: MCGRAW
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This text challenges students to examine how to respond to moral issues and dilemmas in sport. The book includes philosophic theory that has proven effective in the moral development of athletes. The theory is balanced with applications and thought-provoking questions. Each chapter provides a historical and sociological perspective on the issues facing youth, interscholastic, intercollegiate, Olympic, and professional sport.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Theoretical Framework for Moral Reasoningp. 1
The Process of Moral Reasoningp. 3
Everyday Ethical Problems in Sportp. 5
Is This a Scenario about Moral Values? Why?p. 7
A Certain Perspectivep. 9
Impartialityp. 9
Consistencyp. 10
Reflectionp. 11
Summaryp. 17
Issues and Dilemmasp. 17
Values, Principles, and Youp. 21
Making Choicesp. 21
What Is an Ethical Dilemma?p. 21
Selecting Valuesp. 23
Moral Valuesp. 26
Selecting Four Valuesp. 27
Justice: Moral Value Onep. 28
Honesty: Moral Value Twop. 29
Responsibility: Moral Value Threep. 29
Beneficence: Moral Value Fourp. 29
Writing Principlesp. 30
Justice: Principle One--Do Not Be Unfairp. 31
Honesty: Principle Two--Do Not Lie, Cheat, or Stealp. 31
Responsibility: Principle Three--Do Not Be Irresponsiblep. 31
Beneficence: Principle Four--Do Not Be Uncivilp. 31
Questioning a Principlep. 31
Colliding Values in Everyday Lifep. 33
The Problem with Principles--Never Tell a Liep. 34
A Principle and Its Demandsp. 35
A Scenario about Cheatingp. 36
Summaryp. 37
Issues and Dilemmasp. 39
Application and Strategy: Thinking about the Game Planp. 41
Steps in Thinking Through a Moral Problemp. 43
Are Any Moral Principles Violated?p. 43
Are Any Moral Rules Violated?p. 43
Is This Case an Exception?p. 43
Are the Rules Justified?p. 44
How Can the Rules Be Changed?p. 45
Obstacles and Fallacies in Reasoningp. 46
Skepticismp. 46
Cultural and Relative Ethicsp. 47
Dogmatismp. 47
False Obstruction of Theory and Practicep. 47
Other Obstacles: Fallacies in Reasoningp. 47
The Fallacy of Authorityp. 47
Ad Hominem Argumentsp. 47
Misplaced and Improperly Placed Authorityp. 48
The Appeal to Forcep. 48
The Appeal to Pity and Ridiculep. 48
Begging the Questionp. 48
Equivocationp. 48
Psychological Obstaclesp. 48
A Final Comment on Couragep. 48
Summaryp. 49
Issues and Dilemmasp. 50
Application of Moral Reasoning to Sportp. 53
Intimidation, Competition, and Sportsmanshipp. 55
Intimidation and Its Role in Competitionp. 55
Defining Intimidationp. 55
Coaching Intimidation: Purposefulp. 56
Coaching Intimidation: Nonpurposefulp. 57
Intimidation from the Player's Point of Viewp. 57
Intimidation by the Athlete: Purposefulp. 59
Physical Intimidation: Purposefulp. 60
Nonpurposeful Psychological and Physiological Intimidationp. 61
Physical Intimidation: Nonpurposefulp. 62
External Forms of Intimidationp. 63
Summaryp. 63
Issues and dilemmasp. 64
Violence in Sportp. 67
Types and Purposes of Rulesp. 68
Constitutive Rulesp. 68
Proscriptive Rulesp. 68
Sportsmanship Rulesp. 69
Ethical Conduct or Notp. 70
Is Winning the Only Thing?p. 70
Categorical Imperativesp. 72
How Violence Affects Sportp. 72
Why Violence Existsp. 72
Why Violent Behavior Is Taughtp. 73
Why Violence Is Condonedp. 74
Why and How Violence Is Rewardedp. 75
The Impact of Violence on Sportp. 75
Recommendationsp. 76
Summaryp. 78
Issues and Dilemmasp. 78
Eligibility in Sportp. 85
Historical and Sociological Perspectivesp. 85
Youth Sportp. 86
Interscholastic Sportp. 87
Intercollegiate Sportp. 89
Olympic Sportp. 95
Eligibility and Moral Reasoningp. 96
Ethical Dilemmas Regarding Eligibilityp. 97
Summaryp. 100
Issues and Dilemmasp. 101
Sport Eliminationp. 109
Competitive Athletics Are Not For Everyonep. 109
Factors Leading to Sport Dropoutp. 111
Lack of Skillsp. 111
Not Fun Anymorep. 115
Pressures to Winp. 118
Sport Burnoutp. 121
Physical Burnoutp. 121
Psychological Burnoutp. 124
Social Burnoutp. 126
Summaryp. 127
Issues and Dilemmasp. 128
Commercialized Sportp. 137
Sport for Public Relations and Promotionsp. 139
Youth Sportp. 139
Interscholastic Sportp. 140
Intercollegiate Sportp. 141
Professional Sportp. 143
Commercialized Sport as a Businessp. 144
Youth Sport and Interscholastic Sportp. 145
Intercollegiate Sportp. 145
Professional Sportp. 147
Sport as Entertainmentp. 147
Youth and Interscholastic Sportp. 147
Intercollegiate Sportp. 148
Professional Sportp. 148
Sport as a Transmitter of Economic Valuesp. 150
Economic Concerns and Rule Violationsp. 150
Youth Sportp. 150
Intercollegiate Sportp. 150
Ethical Dilemmas Relative to Commercializationp. 153
Summaryp. 155
Issues and Dilemmasp. 156
Racial Equity: African Americans in Sportp. 163
Historical Perspective of Racial Inequity in Sportp. 164
From Exclusion to Opportunities Limited by Economic Realitiesp. 164
School Segregation Gives Way to Integrationp. 165
Integration of Intercollegiate Sportp. 165
Professional Sportp. 167
Societal Attitudesp. 167
Are Organizational Policies Affecting African Americans Disproportionately?p. 169
Role Modelsp. 169
Stacking and a Quota Systemp. 170
African American Athletes as Portrayed in the Mediap. 171
Dispelling Mythsp. 171
Recommendationsp. 173
Summaryp. 173
Issues and Dilemmasp. 175
Gender Equity in Sportp. 183
Historical Perspectivesp. 183
Gender Inequity in Sportp. 184
Limited Opportunitiesp. 185
Governing Organizations and Policies for Women's Intercollegiate Athleticsp. 186
Title IXp. 186
Outcomes of Changep. 188
Interscholastic Sport Changes for Girlsp. 188
Societal Attitudesp. 190
Continuing Questionsp. 192
Moral Educationp. 194
Summaryp. 195
Issues and Dilemmasp. 196
Application of Moral Reasoning in Other Physical Activity Settingsp. 205
Ergogenic Aids for Sport Performancep. 207
Use of Ergogenic Aidsp. 208
Stimulantsp. 208
Depressantsp. 210
Anabolic Steroidsp. 210
Human Growth Hormonep. 212
Blood Dopingp. 213
Beta-Blockersp. 213
The Dilemmas of Drug Testingp. 214
Opposition to Drug Testingp. 214
Thwarting Drug Testingp. 215
Justifications for Drug Testingp. 215
Educating against Drug Use in Sportp. 215
Other Related Issuesp. 216
Taking Ergogenic Aids that May Cause Health Problemsp. 216
Using Ergogenic Aids for Weight Gain and Lossp. 217
Possible Changes in How Drugs Are Viewed in Sportp. 217
Summaryp. 218
Issues and Dilemmasp. 219
Ethical Considerations of Technology in Sportp. 227
A Sporting Challengep. 229
An Alternative Argumentp. 230
Direct Harmp. 231
Technology in a Bottlep. 232
Summary: The Fine Linep. 232
Issues and Dilemmasp. 234
Sport Science, Physical Education, and Researchp. 239
Professional Responsibility in the Workplacep. 239
Professional Responsibility as Part of Our Social and Ethical Responsibilities to Societyp. 240
Understanding Professional Responsibilityp. 241
Sport Science Examplep. 241
Discussionp. 242
A Question of Professional Loyaltyp. 243
Being a Professional and Its Relationship to Professional Ethicsp. 244
Codes of Ethicsp. 244
Codes of Ethics in Physical Educationp. 246
Codes of Ethics in Sport Science and Researchp. 246
Human Subjects Review Boards in Researchp. 247
Informed Consent in Researchp. 248
Summaryp. 249
Issues and Dilemmasp. 250
Epilogue: Morality in Sportp. 255
Moral Reasoning: A Reviewp. 255
Moral and Nonmoral Values: A Reviewp. 256
Moral Reasoning in Relation to Sport and Social Issues: A Reviewp. 257
Moral Reasoning In Relation to the Sport Science Discipline: A Reviewp. 258
Issues and Dilemmasp. 259
A Look to the Futurep. 262
Glossaryp. 265
Indexp. 270
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