Sport and Public Policy : Social, Political, and Economic Perspectives

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-02-11
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics

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Sports figures, events, and organizations affect our society in vast, varied, and sometimes unexpected ways. To gain a broad-based understanding of how sport interfaces with public policy issues, a variety of viewpoints must be considered. Sport and Public Policy: Social, Political, and Economic Perspectivesis the only text that examines some of the most compelling policy issues affecting the sports world from an interdisciplinary perspectiveincluding economics, history, urban planning, not-for-profit administration, public health communications, political science, and philosophy. With contributions from a wide range of scholarly disciplines, this contemporary resource enhances traditional conversation and gives readers a fresh outlook on economic and political issues in sport. Sport and Public Policypresents a contemporary view of how to understand and analyze complex and controversial topics. It begins by examining issues related to professional sportsincluding the unique nature of American sports leagues, the decisions and conflicts involved in the organization of sports leagues and events, and labor strikes and conflicts. It then examines professional sports, cities, and public finance. Readers are drawn into thought-provoking discussion of issues such as the public investment in sports facilities and recent trends in stadium and arena construction. The book also presents an example of a unique model of not-for-profit community ownership in action, which readers can implement in their own cities. Sport and Public Policy explores amateur sports by presenting a fresh perspective on the link between sports and society, the dwindling levels of African-American participation in baseball, and whether or not the National Collegiate Athletic Association's actions align with its stated principles and values. It also challenges the reader to think globally through a discussion of how sports affect and are affected by international relations, how a changing world economy is affecting the Olympic games, Major League Baseball's efforts at global expansion, and the effects of global consumer marketing efforts. The chapters encourage readers to consider their role as participants in sports and use their great power to make individual choices that influence their communities. To enhance the learning experience, Sport and Public Policyoffers the following: An application and implementation section in select chapters helps readers understand how to apply the content in their own roles in the sport industry or society. The case studies added to most chapters illustrate how the information and research are being applied in the real world. Some of the hottest topics in the sports world are covered from a public policy perspective, giving readers a new angle from which to analyze issues now and in the future. Sport and Public Policy is a timely resource that will be valued by many. Researchers will use it as a springboard for further study of how sport affects our society economically, socially, and politically. Practitioners and anyone else interested in the role of sport in America will find the book creates a critical new awareness of sport's interface with public policy and the potentially far-reaching implications of their decisions.

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. vii
Prefacep. ix
Structure of Professional Sportsp. 1
Cooperation Amidst Competitionp. 3
The Nature of Sport Leaguesp. 3
Why League Cooperation is Necessaryp. 4
Downside of Cooperationp. 6
Organized Baseball: Evolution of a Cartelp. 8
Antitrust Law Interpretations and Baseballp. 10
Antitrust and Other Leagues: Age All Sports Equal?p. 14
Effect of Public Policy on the Balance of Powerp. 18
Future Trendsp. 20
Conclusionp. 21
Beyond the Major Leaguesp. 23
Lessons from the Organization of International Sportsp. 23
Organization of Soccer, the World Sportp. 24
Women's Soccer: The Trial of a Single-Entity Leaguep. 26
Rugby: The Contest over Professionalism, Nations, and Clubsp. 27
Cricket: The Broadcasters' Leaguesp. 28
Lessons for American Sportsp. 29
Future Trendsp. 30
Conclusionp. 31
Why Professional Athletes Make so Much Moneyp. 33
The NHL's Missing Seasonp. 34
Wage Determination in Professional Sportsp. 35
Free Agencyp. 39
Player Productivityp. 41
Is it Possible to Pay Too Much?p. 44
Future Trendsp. 45
Conclusionp. 46
Professional Sports, Cities, and Public Financep. 47
Economic Impact of Sport Stadiums, Teams, and Eventsp. 49
Public Cost of Big-Time Sportsp. 49
Economic Magnitude of Sport in Perspectivep. 50
Promoting Sport Investment Through Economic Impact Analysisp. 53
Sources of Exaggeration in Economic Impact Analysisp. 57
Ex Post Facto Empirical Evaluationsp. 60
Policy Implications of Relying on Predicted Economic Impactsp. 63
Conclusionp. 64
Cities, Stadiums, and Subsidiesp. 65
Why Cities Spend so much on Sportsp. 65
Evolution of Major-League Sport Facility Developmentp. 66
Political Economy of Sport Facility Developmentp. 83
Importance of Consumption Benefitsp. 87
Future Trendsp. 94
Conclusionp. 95
Community Ownership of Professional Sport Teams and the Role of Social Entrepreneurshipp. 97
Identifying Community Ownership Alternativesp. 98
Using the Nonprofit-Charitable Purpose Structure: The Memphis Redbirds Baseball Foundationp. 102
Lessons from the Redbirds Foundationp. 105
Future Trendsp. 110
Conclusionp. 111
Amateur Athletics, Participation, and Public Healthp. 113
Influences of Urban form on Physical Activityp. 115
Importance and Decline of Physical Activity in the United Statesp. 116
How Urban Growth has made us Less Activep. 118
Public Policies to Increase Physical Activityp. 120
Do These Strategies Work?p. 128
Future Trendsp. 130
Conclusionp. 131
MLB's Mixed Messagesp. 133
African American Participation in Baseballp. 133
Myth and Semioticsp. 136
Analyzing MLB's Messagesp. 137
Moving From Political Speech to Mythp. 139
Challenging Mythp. 141
Policy Implications for Myth Makingp. 142
Future Trendsp. 144
Conclusionp. 145
Contradictions and Conflictp. 147
Ethical Dilemmas Inherent in Big-Time College Sports
College Sports Todayp. 149
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)p. 151
Corporatization in College Sportsp. 152
Institutional Logicsp. 153
Case Study: 2006 NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament Broadcastsp. 154
Future Trendsp. 161
Conclusionp. 163
Sport, Doping, and Public Policyp. 165
Mediated Doping Representations and the Formation of Public Policyp. 167
Sporting Competition and the Formation of Regulatory Bodiesp. 171
Media Representations, Government Hearings, and Public Policy in the 21st Centuryp. 173
Future Trendsp. 180
Conclusionp. 180
Sport and Globalizationp. 183
Political Economy of the Olympic Gamesp. 185
Globalization, the New Economy, and Political Economyp. 185
Political Economy and the Olympic Gamesp. 187
Los Angeles: The Market Matters Mostp. 189
Atlanta: The State Matters Mostp. 192
Mexico City: Civil Society Matters Mostp. 194
Future Trendsp. 195
Conclusionp. 198
American Baseball and the Global Labor Marketp. 201
Resistance and Hegemony in the Caribbean
Globalization of American Professional Baseballp. 202
Shared History and Parallel Development of Caribbean Baseballp. 203
Dominican Dependency, Underdevelopment, and Exploitationp. 204
Cuban Nationalism and Resistancep. 206
Movement Along the Spectrump. 208
Future Trendsp. 211
Conclusionp. 213
Expanding Global Consumer Market for American Sportsp. 215
The World Baseball Classic
Baseball's Worldwide Developmentp. 216
Consumption of MLB in the United Statesp. 217
Creation of the World Baseball Classicp. 218
World Baseball Classic Revenue Sourcesp. 223
Future Trendsp. 228
Conclusionp. 229
Referencesp. 231
Indexp. 257
About the Editorsp. 267
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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