9781319104375

The St. Martin's Guide to Writing

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319104375

  • ISBN10:

    1319104371

  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2018-10-24
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Whether you have years of teaching experience or are new to the classroom, you and your students can count on The St. Martin’s Guide to Writing to provide the thoroughly class-tested support you need for first-year composition, with a rhetoric, an array of engaging readings, a research manual, and a handbook, all in a single book — and available online in LaunchPad. Thousands of instructors and their students rely on the Guide’s proven approach because it works: Acclaimed step-by-step reading and writing guides to 9 different genres offer sure-fire invention that get students started and revision strategies that help them develop their writing. The new edition continues in its strategies to serve a diverse audience of schools and students with an improved, accessible design, new support for reflection that encourages the transfer, and a new Student’s Companion for students taking co-requisite or ALP courses.

Table of Contents

1?Composing Literacy 000


Understanding the Rhetorical Situation?000


Reflecting on Your Own Literacy?000


Composing Your Own Literacy Narrative?000



Apply the rhetorical framework: who? what? when? where? how? and why?


Devise a topic.


Readings



Katherine Kachnowski, Beyond the Microwave, or How I Learned to Cook with a French Accent?000


David Sedaris, Me Talk Pretty One Day?000



PART 1?WRITING ACTIVITIES?000


2?Remembering an Event?000


GUIDE TO READING?000


Analyzing Remembered Event Essays?000



Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings?000



Jean Brandt, Calling Home?000


Annie Dillard, The Chase [[aka From An American Childhood]] ?000


Ta-Nehisi Coates, My Lost Innocence?000


Jenée Desmond-Harris, Tupac and My Non-thug Life?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Remembering an Event?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000



Choose an event to write about. ?000


Give your story a dramatic arc. ?000


Use tenses to clarify the sequence of actions. ?000


Describe key people and places vividly, and show their significance. ?000


Use dialogue to portray people and dramatize relationships. ?000


Clarify your story’s significance. ?000


Write the opening sentences. ?000


Draft your story. ?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000



A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000



Revise your draft. ?000



A Troubleshooting Guide?000



Edit and proofread your draft. ?000


A WRITER AT WORK: Developing Significance in Jean Brandt’s Remembered Event Essay ?000


REFLECTING?000


 



3?Writing Profiles


GUIDE TO READING?000


Analyzing Profiles?000



Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings?000



Brian Cable, The Last Stop?000


Victoria Moré, Dumpster Dinners: An Ethnography of Freeganism?000


Amanda Coyne, The Long Good-Bye: Mother’s Day in Federal Prison?000


Gabriel Thompson, A Gringo in the Lettuce Fields?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Writing a Profile ?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000



Choose a subject to profile. ?000


Conduct your field research. ?000


Use quotations that provide information and reveal character. ?000


Consider adding visual or audio elements. ?000


Create an outline that will organize your profile effectively for your readers. ?000


Determine your role in the profile. ?000


Develop your perspective on the subject. ?000


Clarify the dominant impression. ?000


Write the opening sentences. ?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000



A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000



Revise your draft. ?000



A Troubleshooting Guide?000



Edit and proofread your draft. ?000


A WRITER AT WORK: Brian Cable’s Interview Notes and Write-Up ?000


REFLECTION?000


 



4?Explaining a Concept


GUIDE TO READING?000


Analyzing Concept Explanations?000



Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings?000



Rosa Alexander, The Meme-ing of Trigger Warnings?000


Anastasia Toufexis, Love: The Right Chemistry?000


Lindsay Grace, Persuasive Play: Designing Games That Change Players?000


Susan Cain, Shyness: Evolutionary Tactic? ?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000



Starting Points: Explaining a Concept ?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000



Choose a concept to write about. ?000


Conduct initial research on the concept. ?000


Focus your explanation of the concept. ?000


Conduct further research on your focused concept. ?000


Draft your working thesis. ?000


Create an outline that will organize your concept explanation effectively for your readers. ?000


Design your writing project. ?000


Consider the explanatory strategies you should use. ?000


Use summaries, paraphrases, and quotations from sources to support your points. ?000


Use visuals or multimedia illustrations. ?000


Use appositives to integrate sources. ?000


Use descriptive verbs in signal phrases to introduce information from sources. ?000


Write the opening sentences. ?000


Draft your explanation. ?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000



A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000



Revise your draft. ?000


A Troubleshooting Guide?000


Edit and proofread the final draft. ?000


A WRITER AT WORK: Focusing Rosa Alexander’s Concept Explanation?000


REFLECTION?000


 



5?Analyzing and Synthesizing Opposing Arguments


GUIDE TO READING?000


Analyzing Opposing Arguments ?000



Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings?000



Max King, Freedom of or from Speech?000


Maya Gomez, Should Kidney Donors Be Compensated??000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Analyzing and Synthesizing Opposing Arguments?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000



Choose a controversial issue to write about. ?000


Conduct research.?000


Create an annotated bibliography.?000


Analyze your audience.?000


Choose opposing arguments to analyze.?000


Analyze and synthesize the opposing arguments.?000


Draft a working thesis.?000


Create an outline to assess your organization.?000


Develop your analysis.?000


Draft the opening sentences.?000


Draft your comparative analysis. ?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000



A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000



Revise your draft. ?000


A Troubleshooting Guide?000


Edit and proofread the final draft.?000


A WRITER AT WORK: Max King’s Analysis ?000


REFLECTION?000


 



6?Arguing a Position


GUIDE TO READING?000


Analyzing Position Arguments ?000



Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings?000



Jessica Statsky, Children Need to Play, Not Compete?000


Amitai Etzioni, Working at McDonald’s?000


Laura Beth Nielsen, The Case for Restricting Hate Speech ?000


Daniel J. Solove, Why Privacy Matters Even If You Have "Nothing to Hide"?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Arguing a Position ?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000



Choose a controversial issue on which to take a position. ?000


Frame the issue for your readers. ?000


Formulate a working thesis stating your position. ?000


Develop the reasons supporting your position. ?000


Research your position. ?000


Use sources to reinforce your credibility. ?000


Identify and respond to your readers’ likely reasons and objections. ?000


Create an outline that will organize your argument effectively for your readers. ?000


Consider document design. ?000


Use visuals or multimedia illustrations. ?000


Write the opening sentences. ?000


Draft your position argument. ?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000



A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000


Revise your draft. ?000


A Troubleshooting Guide?000


Edit and proofread the final draft. ?000


A WRITER AT WORK: Jessica Statsky’s Response to Opposing Positions ?000


REFLECTION?000



7?Proposing a Solution


Analyzing Proposals ?000


Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


A Clear, Logical Organization?000


Readings?000


Patrick O’Malley, More Testing, More Learning?000


David Figlio, Starting High School Later?000


David J. Smith, Getting to "E Pluribus Unum"?000


Kelly D. Brownell and Thomas R. Frieden, Ounces of Prevention — The Public Policy Case for Taxes on Sugared Beverages?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Proposing a Solution ?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000


Choose a problem for which you can propose a solution.?000


Frame the problem for your readers.?000


Assess how the problem has been framed, and reframe it for your readers.?000


Develop a possible solution.?000


Explain your solution.?000


Research your proposal.?000


Develop a response to objections or alternative solutions.?000


Create an outline that will organize your proposal effectively for your readers.?000


Write the opening sentences.?000


Draft your proposal.?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000


A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000


Revise your draft. ?000


A Troubleshooting Guide?000


Edit and proofread the final draft. ?000


A WRITER AT WORK: Patrick O’Malley’s Revision Process ?000


REFLECTION?000



8?Justifying an Evaluation


Analyzing Evaluations?000


Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings?000


William Akana, Scott Pilgrim vs. the World: A Hell of a Ride?000


Tasha Robinson, Moana: The Perfect Disney Movie?000


Katherine Isbister, Why Pokémon Go Became an Instant Phenomenon?000


Malcolm Gladwell, What College Rankings Really Tell Us?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Proposing a Solution ?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000


Choose a subject to evaluate.?000


Assess your subject and consider how to present it to your readers.?000


Formulate a working thesis stating your overall judgment.?000


Develop the reasons and evidence supporting your judgment.?000


Research your evaluation.?000


Respond to a likely objection or alternative judgment.?000


Organize your evaluation to appeal to your readers.?000


Consider document design.?000


Write the opening sentences.?000


Draft your proposal.?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000


A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000


Revise your draft. ?000


A Troubleshooting Guide?000


Edit and proofread the final draft. ?000


A WRITER AT WORK: William Akana’s Thesis and Response to Objections ?000


REFLECTION?000



9?Arguing for Causes or Effects?000


Analyzing Cause-Effect Arguments?000


Determine the writer’s purpose and audience. ?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings?000


Clayton Pangelinan, #socialnetworking: Why It’s Really So Popular?000


Jean M. Twenge, Have Smartphones Destroyed a Generation? ?000


Stephen King, Why We Crave Horror Movies?000


Shankar Vedantam, The Telescope Effect?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Arguing for Causes or Effects ?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000


Choose a subject to analyze.?000


Present the subject to your readers. ?000


Analyze possible causes or effects. ?000


Conduct research. ?000


Cite a variety of sources to support your causal analysis. ?000


Formulate a working thesis stating your preferred cause(s) or effect(s). ?000


Draft a response to objections readers are likely to raise. ?000


Draft a response to the causes or effects your readers are likely to favor. ?000


Create an outline that will organize your causal argument. ?000


Write the opening sentences. ?000


Draft your causal argument. ?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review?000


A Peer Review Guide?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading?000


Revise your draft. ?000


A Troubleshooting Guide?000


Edit and proofread the final draft. ?000


A WRITER AT WORK: Clayton Pangelinan’s Analysis of Possible Causes ?000


REFLECTION?000



10?Analyzing Stories?000


Analyzing Essays That Analyze Stories?000


Determine the writer’s purpose and audience.?000


Assess the genre’s basic features. ?000


Readings


Iris Lee, Performing a Doctor’s Duty ?000


Isabella Wright, "For Heaven’s Sake!" ?000


GUIDE TO WRITING?000


The Writing Assignment?000


Starting Points: Analyzing Stories?000


Writing a Draft: Invention, Research, Planning, and Composing?000


Find a story to write about. ?000


Analyze the story. ?000


Generate ideas by moving from specific to general or the reverse. ?000


Formulate a working thesis. ?000


Provide support for your argument. ?000


To build on your support, consider doing outside research. ?000


Create an outline that will organize your argument effectively. ?000


Write the opening sentences. ?000


Draft your analysis. ?000


Evaluating the Draft: Using Peer Review ?000


A Peer Review Guide ?000


Improving the Draft: Revising, Editing, and Proofreading ?000


Revise your draft. ?000


A Troubleshooting Guide ?000


Edit and proofread the final draft. 000


WRITER AT WORK: Isabella Wright’s Invention Work ?000


Reflection ?000


AN ANTHOLOGY OF SHORT STORIES ?000


Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour ?000


James Joyce, Araby ?000


William Carlos Williams, The Use of Force ?000


Jamaica Kincaid, Girl ?000



PART 2?Critical Thinking Strategies


11?A Catalog of Invention and Inquiry Strategies?000


Mapping?000


Create a cluster diagram to reveal relationships among ideas. ?000


Make a list to generate a plan quickly. ?000


Create an outline to invent and organize. ?000


Writing?000


Use cubing to explore a topic from six perspectives. ?000


Construct a dialogue to explore an experience or alternative view. ?000


Use dramatizing to analyze behavior. ?000


Freewrite to generate ideas freely and creatively. ?000


Use looping to explore aspects of a topic. ?000


Take notes in a journal. ?000


Ask questions to explore a subject systematically. ?000



12?A Catalog of Reading Strategies?000


Annotating?000


Martin Luther King Jr., An Annotated Sample from "Letter from Birmingham Jail" ?000


Taking Inventory?000


Outlining?000


Paraphrasing?000


Summarizing?000


Synthesizing?000


Contextualizing?000


Exploring the Significance of Figurative Language?000


Looking for Patterns of Opposition?000


Reflecting on Challenges to Your Beliefs and Values?000


Evaluating the Logic of an Argument?000


Test for appropriateness. ?000


Test for believability. ?000


Test for consistency and completeness. ?000


Recognizing Emotional Manipulation?000


Judging the Writer’s Credibility?000


Test for knowledge. ?000


Test for common ground. ?000


Test for fairness. ?000



PART 3?Writing Strategies?000


13?Cueing the Reader?000


Orienting Statements?000


Use thesis statements to announce the main idea. ?000


Use forecasting statements to preview topics. ?000


Paragraphing?000


Paragraph indents signal related ideas. ?000


Topic sentences announce the paragraph’s focus. ?000


Cohesive Devices?000


Pronouns connect phrases or sentences. ?000


Word repetition aids cohesion. ?000


Synonyms connect ideas. ?000


Repetition of sentence structure emphasizes connections. ?000


Collocation creates networks of meaning. ?000


Transitions?000


Transitions emphasize logical relationships. ?000


Transitions can indicate a sequence in time. ?000


Transitions can indicate relationships in space. ?000


Headings and Subheadings?000


Headings indicate sections and levels. ?000


Headings are not common in all genres. ?000


At least two headings are needed at each level. ?000



14?Narrating and Describing?000


Narrating?000


Use narrating strategies to sequence and dramatize events.?000


Use narrating strategies to explain and instruct. ?000


Describing?000


Use naming to give an overall impression. ?000


Use detailing to add specifics and convey thoughts, feelings, and judgments. ?000


Use comparisons to make a description vivid and convey emotion. ?000


Use sensory description to convey what you saw, heard, felt, and tasted. ?000


Use description to create a dominant impression. ?000



15?Defining, Classifying, and Comparing?000


Defining


Use sentence definitions to explain terms and concepts briefly.?000


Use extended definitions to convey the meaning of complex concepts.?000


Use historical definitions to explain how a meaning has changed over time or across cultures.?000


Use stipulative definitions to reach an agreement on the meaning of a term or concept.?000


Classifying?000


Use topics and subtopics to organize classifications. ?000


Use graphics to depict a classification scheme.?000


Use cues to maintain clarity and coherence in a classification.?000


Comparing and Contrasting?000


Use chunking or sequencing to organize comparisons and contrasts.?000


Use analogies to make comparisons clear and vivid.?000



16?Arguing?000


Asserting a Thesis?000


Make arguable assertions. ?000


Use clear and precise wording.?000


Qualify the thesis appropriately.?000


Giving Reasons and Support?000


Use representative examples for support.?000


Use up-to-date, relevant, and accurate statistics.?000


Cite reputable authorities on relevant topics.?000


Use vivid, relevant anecdotes.?000


Use relevant textual evidence.?000


Responding to Objections and Alternatives?000


Acknowledge readers’ concerns.?000


Concede readers’ concerns.?000


Refute readers’ objections.?000


Identifying and Correcting Logical Fallacies?000



PART 4?RESEARCH STRATEGIES


17?Planning and Conducting Research?000


Analyzing Your Rhetorical Situation and Setting a Schedule?000


Choosing a Topic and Getting an Overview?000


Focusing Your Topic and Drafting Research Questions?000


Establishing a Research Log?000


Develop a list of search terms. ?000


Create a working bibliography. ?000


Annotating Your Working Bibliography?000


Taking Notes on Your Sources?000


Finding Sources?000


Search library catalogs and databases. ?000


Find books (and other sources). ?000


Find articles in periodicals. ?000


Find government documents and statistical information. ?000


Find Web sites and interactive sources. ?000


Conducting Field Research?000


Conduct observational studies. ?000


Conduct interviews. ?000


Conduct surveys. ?000



18?Selecting and Evaluating Sources?000


Selecting Relevant Sources?000


Evaluating Sources?000


Who wrote it? ?000


How recently was it published? ?000


Is the source scholarly, popular, or for a trade group? ?000


Who published it? ?000


How is the source written? ?000


What does the source say? ?000



19?Using Sources to Support Your Ideas?000


Synthesizing Sources?000


Acknowledging Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism?000


What does and does not need to be acknowledged? ?000


Avoid plagiarism by acknowledging sources and quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing carefully. ?000


Using Information from Sources to Support Your Claims?000


Deciding whether to quote, paraphrase, or summarize. ?000


Copy quotations exactly, or use italics, ellipses, and brackets to indicate changes. ?000


Use in-text or block quotations. ?000


Use punctuation to integrate quotations into your writing. ?000


Paraphrase sources carefully. ?000


Write summaries that present the source’s main ideas in a balanced and readable way. ?000



20?Citing and Documenting Sources in MLA Style?000


Citing Sources in the Text?000


Directory to In-Text Citation Models?000


Creating a List of Works Cited?000


To cite a source without a model, use a similar model or devise your own using the general principles. ?000


Format your list of works cited. ?000


Directory to Works-Cited-List Models?000


Student Research Project in MLA Style?000



21?Citing and Documenting Sources in APA Style?000


Citing Sources in the Text?000


Directory to In-Text Citation Models?000


Creating a List of References?000


Directory to Reference-List Models?000


A Sample Reference List in APA Style?000



PART 5?COMPOSING STRATEGIES FOR COLLEGE AND BEYOND?000


22?Analyzing and Composing Multimodal Texts?000


Understanding Multimodality?000


Analyzing Multimodal Texts?000


Criteria for Analyzing Multimodal Texts?000


Composing Multimodal Texts?000


Reimagine your writing in a new genre or medium. ?000


Design a multimodal text. ?000


Embed visuals and media in texts. ?000


Criteria for Analyzing Document Design?000


Creating a Multimodal Presentation?000


Assess your rhetorical situation. ?000


Determine how much information you can present in the allotted time. ?000


Use cues to orient audience members. ?000


Design your presentation effectively. ?000



23?Taking Essay Examinations?000


Preparing for an Exam?000


Read the exam carefully. ?000


Review typical essay exam questions. ?000


Write your answer. ?000



24?Creating a Portfolio?000


Purposes of a Writing Portfolio?000


Assembling a Portfolio for Your Composition Course?000


Select your work. ?000


Reflect on your work and what you learned. ?000


Organize your portfolio. ?000



25?Writing in Business and Scientific Genres?000


Business Letters?000


E-mail?000


Résumés and Online Professional Profiles?000


Job-Application Letters?000


Web Sites?000


Lab Reports?000



26?Writing for and about Your Community?000


Writing about Your Service Experience?000


Find a topic. ?000


Gather sources. ?000


Writing for Your Service Organization?000



27?Writing Collaboratively?000


Working with Others on Your Individual Writing Projects?000


Collaborating on Joint Writing Projects?000



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