State Legislatures Today Politics Under the Domes

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-09-25
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Drawing on the pulling together a massive amount of data, state-specific examples, and the most current scholarship, State Legislatures Today examines the theoretical and practical roles of the state legislature as both a policymaking institution and a historical foundation for the United States Congress. Squire and Moncrief examine the myriad differences amongst state legislatures while utilizing the United States Congress as a touchstone for additional comparison and contrast.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
99 Chambers and Why They Matterp. 1
State Legislatures in Historical Contextp. 2
State Legislative Evolution in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 5
State Legislative Evolution in the Twentieth Centuryp. 7
State Legislatures Todayp. 8
Number of Housesp. 8
The Nebraska Exceptionp. 13
House Namep. 14
Membership Sizep. 15
Politics Under the Domes 1-1: The Legislative Representation and Efficiency Tradeoffp. 17
Bicameral Size Differencesp. 19
Terms of Officep. 19
Term Limitsp. 20
Constituency Sizep. 22
Geographic Sizep. 26
Multi-member Districtsp. 27
Differences with Congressp. 30
Politics Under the Domes 1-2: Domes?p. 29
Further Explorations of State Legislaturesp. 31
Endnotesp. 32
State Legislative Campaigns and Electionsp. 36
Differences in Electoral Rulesp. 38
District Magnitudep. 38
Type of Primary Electionp. 39
Politics under the domes 2-1: When Residency Requirements Bitep. 40
Timing of Primary Electionp. 45
Redisricting Practicesp. 45
Case Law and State Redistrictingp. 47
Campaign Finance Lawsp. 49
Term Limitsp. 51
The Candidatesp. 51
Candidate Typep. 52
Recruitment Agentsp. 53
Self-Startersp. 55
The Recruitment of Women and Minoritiesp. 55
How Campaigns Are Runp. 58
Politics Under the Domes 2-2: The Art and Science of Doorbellingp. 60
Turnover, Party Competition, and Electionsp. 63
Term Limits and Turnoverp. 64
Competitive versus Noncompetitive Statesp. 66
The Effect of Regionp. 67
Conclusionp. 69
Endnotesp. 69
The Changing Job of State Legislatorp. 74
Legislative Professionalizationp. 75
What Difference Does Professionalization Make?p. 77
Professionalization Levels in Current State Legislaturesp. 78
Examining the Components of Professionalization: Salary and Benefitsp. 78
Politics Under the Domes 3-1: The Pennsylvania Pay Raise Fiascop. 84
Examining the Components of Professionalization: Time Demandsp. 92
Examining Each of the Components: Staff and Facilitiesp. 94
Who Serves?p. 94
Womenp. 95
African Americansp. 95
Hispanic Americansp. 98
American Indiansp. 98
Explaining the Number of Women and Minority Legislatorsp. 98
Diversity by Other Measuresp. 100
Occupationsp. 101
The Job of State Legislatorp. 104
Ethicsp. 107
Legislative Careers and Legislature Career Opportunity Typesp. 109
Conclusionp. 115
Endnotesp. 115
Legislative Organization Across the Statesp. 122
Legislative Partiesp. 123
Legislative Leadershipp. 125
Politics Under the Domes 4-1: The Battle over the Gavel in the Alabama State Senatep. 127
Politics Under the Domes 4-2: Leadership Retribution in State Legislaturesp. 137
Committeesp. 140
Career Opportunity Types and Committee Membership and Leadershipp. 149
Where are Decisions Made in State Legislatures?p. 153
Conclusionp. 154
Endnotesp. 154
The Legislative Process in the Statesp. 160
Variation Across the Statesp. 161
The Three Tracks of the Legislative Process: Bills that Die, Bills that Fly, and Bills that Crawlp. 166
Steps in the Legislative Processp. 168
Introduction and First Readingp. 168
Politics Under the Domes 5-1: "There Ought to be a Law" or Why Legislators Introduce Billsp. 169
Referral to Standing Committeep. 173
Committee Hearingsp. 175
Committee Action and Second Readingp. 176
Third Reading, Debate and Floor Votep. 177
Politics Under the Domes 5-2: Fun with Quorumsp. 178
Same Steps in Second Chamberp. 182
Potential Conference Committeep. 182
The Governor's Deskp. 183
Legislative Timep. 184
The Budget Processp. 186
Influences on Legislative Decision Makingp. 188
Politics Under the Domes 5-3: "I Voted for that Bill Before I Voted Against It": Why Floor Votes Don't Necessarily Tell the Whole Storyp. 189
Conclusionp. 193
Endnotesp. 193
The Legislative Contextp. 197
Public Opinion, Constituency, and the Representational Rolep. 197
Representational Rolesp. 198
Different Views of Constituencyp. 200
Public Opinion, Organized Interests, and Lobbyingp. 201
The Lobbyistsp. 201
Politics Under the Domes 6-1: Lobbying Outside the Boxp. 204
What Lobbyists Dop. 203
Interest Groups and Campaign Financingp. 207
Public Opinion and Direct Democracyp. 208
The Recallp. 209
The Popular Referendump. 210
The Initiativep. 211
The Governor and the Legislaturep. 213
Setting the Agendap. 213
Budgetsp. 214
Veto Powerp. 215
Politics Under the Domes 6-2: Vanna White, Frankenstein, and the Partial Veto in Wisconsinp. 216
Other Gubernatorial Weaponsp. 219
The Bureaucracyp. 220
The Courtsp. 222
State Courts and Policy Mandatesp. 223
Politics Under the Domes 6-3: The Courts, the Legislature, and Gay Marriage in Iowap. 224
State Courts, Direct Democracy, and Policymakingp. 227
The Fiscal Factorp. 227
The Federal Factorp. 228
Conclusionp. 230
Endnotesp. 231
Are State Legislatures Representative Institutions?p. 235
What Do Election Results Tell Us About Evaluations of State Legislative Performance?p. 235
How Highly Do Citizens Rate Their State Legislatures?p. 237
How Much Do People Know About Their State Legislatures and Legislators?p. 240
How Much Information about State Legislatures is Available?p. 241
Do State Legislators Represent Their Constituents?p. 244
Politics Under the Domes 7-1: When Politics and Policy Collide in the State Legislaturep. 250
The Dynamics of Representation at the State Levelp. 253
The Components of Representationp. 253
The Changing Dynamics of the Jobp. 255
A Final Assessmentp. 256
Endnotesp. 257
Indexp. 260
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