Structural Concrete: Theory and Design, 3rd Edition

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-03-01
  • Publisher: WILEY
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Emphasizing a conceptual understanding of concrete design and analysis, Structural Concrete, Third Edition builds the students understanding by presenting design methods in an easy-to-understand manner supported with the use of numerous examples and problems. Updated for the latest ACI 318-05 code, this new Third Edition includes up-to-date coverage of seismic design, including IBC 2003 references, and new methods for predicting shear and creep in concrete based on the authors own research over the past ten years which will be reflected in the forthcoming ACI 209 code.

Author Biography

Akthem Al Manaseer is Professor and Chair of Civil and Environmental Engineering at San Jose State University, California.

Table of Contents

Conversion Factors.
1. Introduction.
1.1 Structural Concrete.
1.2 Historical Background.
1.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Reinforced Concrete.
1.4 Codes of Practice.
1.5 Design Philosophy and Concepts.
1.6 Units of Measurement.
1.7 Loads.
1.8 Safety Provisions.
1.9 Structural Concrete Elements.
1.10 Structural Concrete Design.
1.11 Accuracy of Calculations.
1.12 Concrete High-Rise Buildings.
2. Properties of Reinforced Concrete.
2.1 Factors Affecting the Strength of Concrete.
2.2 Compressive Strength.
2.3 Stress-Strain Curves of Concrete.
2.4 Tensile Strength of Concrete.
2.5 Flexural Strength (Modulus of Rupture) of Concrete.
2.6 Shear Strength.
2.7 Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete.
2.8 Poisson's Ratio.
2.9 Shear Modulus.
2.10 Modular Ratio.
2.11 Volume Changes of Concrete.
2.12 Creep.
2.13 Models for predicting the shrinkage and creep of concrete.
2.14 Unit Weight of Concrete.
2.15 Fire Resistance.
2.16 High-Performance Concrete.
2.17 Lightweight Concrete.
2.18 Fibrous Concrete.
2.19 Steel Reinforcement.
3. Flexural Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beams.
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 Assumptions.
3.3 Behavior of Simply Supported Reinforced Concrete Beam Loaded to Failure.
3.4 Types of Flexural Failure and Strain Limits.
3.5 Load Factors.
3.6 Strength-Reduction Factor.
3.7 Significance of Analysis and Design Expressions.
3.8 Equivalent Compressive Stress Distribution.
3.9 Singly Reinforced Rectangular Section in Bending.
3.10 Lower Limit or Minimum Percentage of Steel.
3.11 Adequacy of Sections.
3.12 Bundled Bars.
3.13 Sections in the Transition Region.
3.14 Rectangular Sections with Compression Reinforcement.
3.15 Analysis of T- and I-Sections.
3.16 Dimensions of Isolated T-Shaped Sections.
3.17 Inverted L-Shaped Sections.
3.18 Sections of Other Shapes.
3.19 Analysis of Sections Using Tables.
3.20 Additional Examples.
3.21 Examples Using SI Units.
4. Flexural Design of Reinforced Concrete . *Introduction. *Rectangular Sections with Tension Reinforcement Only.
4.3 Spacing of Reinforcement and Concrete Cover.
4.4 Rectangular Sections with Compression Reinforcement.
4.5 Design of T-Sections.
4.6 Additional Examples.
4.7 Examples Using SI Units.
5. Alternative Design Methods.
5.1 Introduction.
5.2 Load Factors.
5.3 Strenght-Reduction Factor.
5.4 Rectangular Sections in Bending with Tension Reinforcement.
5.5 Rectangular Sections with Compression Reinforcement.
5.6 Design of T-Sections.
5.7 Strut and Tie Method.
6. Deflection and Control of Cracking.
6.1 Deflection of Structural Concrete Members.
6.2 Instantaneous Deflection.
6.3 Long-Time Deflection.
6.4 Allowable Deflection.
6.5 Deflection Due to Combinations of Loads.
6.6 Cracks in Flexural Members.
6.7 ACI Code Requirements.
7. Development Length of Reinforcing Bars.
7.1 Introduction.
7.2 Development of Bond Stresses.
7.3 Development Length in Tension.
7.4 Development Length in Compression.
7.5 Summary of the Computation of ld in Tension.
7.6 Critical Sections in Flexural Members.
7.7 Standard Hooks (ACI Code, Sections 12.5 and 7.1).
7.8 Splices of Reinforcement.
7.9 Moment-Resistance Diagram (Bar Cutoff Points).
8. Shear and Diagonal Tension.
8.1 Introduction   289.
8.2 Shear Stresses in Concrete Beams.
8.3 Behavior of Beams Without Shear Reinforcement.
8.4 Moment Effect on Shear Strength.
8.5 Beams with Shear Reinforcement.
8.6 ACI Code Shear Design Requirements.
8.7 Design of Vertical Stirrups.
8.8 Design Summary.
8.9 Shear Force Due to Live Loads.
8.10 Shear Stresses in Members of Variable Depth.
8.11 Deep Flexural Members.
8.12 Examples Using SI Units.
9. One Way Slabs.
9.1 Types of Slabs.
9.2 Design of One-Way Solid Slabs.
9.3 Design Limitations According to the ACI Code.
9.4 Temperature and Shrinkage Reinforcement.
9.5 Reinforcement Details.
9.6 Distribution of Loads from One-Way Slabs to Supporting Beams.
*9.7 One-Way Joist Floor System.
10. Axially Loaded Columns.
10.1 Introduction.
10.2 Types of Columns.
10.3 Behavior of Axially Loaded Columns.
10.4 ACI Code Limitations.
10.5 Spiral Reinforcement.
10.6 Design Equations.
10.7 Axial Tension.
10.8 Long Columns.
11. Members in Compression and Bending.
11.1 Introduction.
11.2 Design Assumption for Columns.
11.3 Load-Moment Interaction Diagram.
11.4 Safety Provisions.
11.5 Balanced Condition-Rectangular Sections.
11.6 Columns Sections Under Eccentric Loading.
11.7 Strength of Columns for Tension Failure.
11.8 Strength of Columns for Compression Failure.
11.9 Interaction Diagram Example.
11.10 Rectangular Columns with Side Bars.
11.11 Load Capacity of Circular Columns.
11.12 Analysis and Design of Columns Using Charts.
11.13 Design of Columns Under Eccentric Loading.
11.14 Biaxial Bending.
11.15 Circular Columns with Uniform Reinforcement Under Biaxial Bending.
11.16 Square and Rectangular Columns Under Biaxial Bending.
11.17 Parme Load Contour Method.
11.18 Equation of Failure Surface.
11.19 SI Examples.
12. Slender Columns.
12.1 Introduction.
12.2 Effective Column Length (Klu).
12.3 Effective Length Factor (K).
12.4 Member Stiffness (EI).
12.5 Limitation of the Slenderness Ratio   (Klu/r).
12.6 Moment-Magnifier Design Method.
13. Footings.
13.1 Introduction.
13.2 Types of Footings.
13.3 Distribution of Soil Pressure.
13.4 Design Considerations.
13.5 Plain Concrete Footings.
13.6 Combined Footings.
13.7 Footings Under Eccentric Column Loads.
13.8 Footings Under Biaxial Moment.
13.9 Slabs on Ground.
13.10 Footings on Piles.
13.11 SI Equations.
14. Retaining Walls.
14.1 Introduction.
14.2 Types of Retaining Walls.
14.3 Forces on Retaining Walls.
14.4 Active and Passive Soil Pressures.
14.5 Effect of Surcharge.
14.6 Friction on the Retaining Wall Base.
14.7 Stability Against Overturning.
14.8 Proportions of Retaining Walls.
14.9 Design Requirements.
14.10 Drainage.
14.11 Basement Walls.
15. Design for Torsion.
15.1 Introduction.
15.2 Torsional Moments in Beams.
15.3 Torsional Stresses.
15.4 Torsional Moment in Rectangular Sections.
15.5 Combined Shear and Torsion.
15.6 Torsion Theories for Concrete Members.
15.7 Torsional Strength of Plain Concrete Members.
15.8 Torsion in Reinforced Concrete Members (ACI Code Procedure).
15.9 Summary of ACI Code Procedures.
16. Continuous Beams and Frames.
16.1 Introduction.
16.2 Maximum Moments in Continuous Beams.
16.3 Building Frames.
16.4 Portal Frames.
16.5 General Frames.
16.6 Design of Frame Hinges.
16.7 Introduction to Limit Design.
16.8 The Collapse Mechanism.
16.9 Principles of Limit Design.
16.10 Upper and Lower Bounds of Load Factors.
16.11 Limit Analysis.
16.12 Rotation of Plastic Hinges.
16.13 Summary of Limit Design Procedure.
16.14 Moment Redistribution.
17. Design of Two-Way Slabs.
17.1 Introduction.
17.2 Types of Two-Way Slabs.
17.3 Economical Choice of Concrete Floor Systems.
17.4 Design Concepts.
17.5 Column and Middle Strips.
17.6 Minimum Slab Thickness to Control Deflection.
17.7 Shear Strength of Slabs.
17.8 Analysis of Two Way Slabs by the Direct Design Method.
17.9 Design Moments in Columns.
17.10 Transfer of Unbalanced Moments to Columns.
17.11 Waffle Slabs.
17.12 Equivalent Frame Method.
18. Stairs.
18.1 Introduction.
18.2 Types of Stairs.
18.3 Examples.
19. Beams Curved in Plan.
19.1 Introduction.
19.2 Uniformly Loaded Circular Beams.
19.3 Semicircular Beam Fixed at End Supports.
19.4 Fixed-End Semicircular Beam Under Uniform Loading.
19.5 Circular Beam Subjected to Uniform Loading.
19.6 Circular Beam Subjected to a Concentrated Load at Midspan.
19.7 V-Shaped Beams Subjected to Uniform Loading.
19.8 V-Shaped Beams Subjected to a Concentrated Load at the Centerline of the Beam.
20. Introduction to Prestressed Concrete.
20.1 Prestressed Concrete.
20.2 Materials and Allowable Stresses.
20.3 Loss of Prestress.
20.4 Analysis of Flexural Members.
20.5 Design of Flexural Members.
20.6 Cracking Moment.
20.7 Deflection.
20.8 Design for Shear.
20.9 Preliminary Design of Prestressed Concrete Flexural Members.
20.10 End-Block Stresses.
21. Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures.
21.1 Introduction.
21.2 Seismic Design Category.
21.3 Analysis Procedures.
21.4 Load Combinations.
21.5 Special Requirements in Design of Structures Subjected to the Earthquake Loads.
22. Computer Programs and Flowcharts.
22.1 Introduction.
22.2 Computer Programs.
22.3 Flowcharts.
Appendix A: Design Tables (Customary Units).
Appendix B: Design Tables (SI Units).
Appendix C: Structural AIDS.
Answers to Selected Problems.

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